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Fēng Abundance Plentitude [hexagram 55]

Yin line Yin - controlling line Yang line Yang line Yin line Yang line

prosperity
Wood Wood element

Wind
Water
Huàn [59] Dissolution; Dispersion
Opposite
Fire
Mountain
[56] Wandering; Journeying
Inverse
Lake
Wind
Dà Guò [28] Surpassing; Excess
Mutual

month Month 6 ; Host or Controlling line : 5
丰: , , 忧, . Fēng: hēng, wáng jiǎ zhī, wù yōu, yí rì zhōng.

Feng intimates progress and development. When a king has reached the point (which the name denotes) there is no occasion to be anxious (through fear of a change). Let him be as the sun at noon.

: 丰, . , 丰. , . , . 则昃, 盈则, 盈虚, 消息, ?况 Tuàn zhuàn: Fēng, dà yě. Míng yǐ dòng, gù fēng. Wáng jiǎ zhī, shàng dà yě. Wù yōu yí rì zhōng, yí zhào tiān xià yě. Rì zhōng zé zè, yuè yíng zé shí, tiān dì yíng xū, yǔ shí xiāo xi, ér kuàng rén yú rén hū? Kuàng yú guǐ shén hū?

Feng has the signification of being great. It is made up of the trigrams (representing) intelligence and movement directed by that intelligence. It is thus that it has that signification. ‘The king has reached the condition (denoted by Feng):’ - he has still to make it greater. ‘There is no occasion to be anxious. Let him be as the sun at noon:’ - it is for him to cause his light to shine on all under the sky. When the sun has reached the meridian height, it begins to decline. When the moon has become full, it begins to wane. The (interaction of) heaven and earth is now vigorous and abundant, now dull and scanty, growing and diminishing according to the seasons. How much more must it be so with (the operations of) men! How much more also with the spiritual agency!

: 电皆, 丰; 折狱刑. Xiàng zhuàn: Léi diàn jiē zhì, fēng; jūn zǐ yǐ zhé yù zhì xíng.

(The trigrams representing) thunder and lightning combine to form Feng. The superior man, in accordance with this, decides cases of litigation, and apportions punishments with exactness.

young yin young yin young yang young yang young yin changing yang
I Ching transform
Wood
Mountain
Xiǎo Guò [62] Overstep; Small preponderance
Change
: 遇, , 往. Chū jiǔ: yù qí pèi zhǔ, suī xún wú jiù, wǎng yǒu shàng.

The first ‘nine’, undivided, shows its subject meeting with his mate. Though they are both of the same character, there will be no error. Advance will call forth approval.

: , . Xiàng zhuàn: Suī xún wú jiù, guò xún zāi yě.

‘Though they are both of the same character, there will be no error:’ - if the subject of this line seek to overpass that similarity, there will be calamity.

young yin young yin young yang young yang changing yin young yang
I Ching transform
Wood
Heaven
Dà Zhuàng [34] Powerful; Great strength
Change
: 丰蔀, , 往疑疾, 若, . Liù èr: fēng qí bù, rì zhōng jiàn dǒu, wǎng dé yí jí, yǒu fú fā ruò, jí.

The second ‘six’, divided, shows its subject surrounded by screens so large and thick that at midday he can see from them the constellation of the Bushel. If he go (and try to enlighten his ruler who is thus marked), he will make himself to be viewed with suspicion and dislike. Let him cherish his feeling of sincere devotion that he may thereby move (his ruler's mind), and there will be good fortune.

: 若, 信. Xiàng zhuàn: Yǒu fú fā ruò, xìn yǐ fā zhì yě.

‘Let him cherish his feeling of sincere devotion, that it shall appear being put forth:’ - it is by sincerity that the mind is affected.

Zheng He's voyages

The voyages of Zheng He in the early Ming dynasty marked the peak of Chinese exploration of the World. His fleet had 27,870 men in 63 huge ships; they traveled as far as Eastern and South Africa and maybe South America.
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young yin young yin young yang changing yang young yin young yang
I Ching transform
Wood
Wood
Zhèn [51] Excitation; Enactment
Change
: 丰沛, 沬, 折肱, . Jiǔ sān: fēng qí pèi, rì zhōng jiàn mèi, shé qí yòu gōng, wú jiù.

The third ‘nine’, undivided, shows its subject with an (additional) screen of a large and thick banner, through which at midday he can see (the small) Mei star. (In the darkness) he breaks his right arm; but there will be no error.

: 丰沛, . 折肱, 终. Xiàng zhuàn: Fēng qí pèi, bù kě dà shì yě. shé qí yòu gōng, zhōng bù kě yòng yě.

‘There is an (additional) screen of a large and thick banner:’ - great things should not be attempted (in such circumstances). ‘He breaks his right arm:’ - in the end he will not be fit to be employed.

young yin young yin changing yang young yang young yin young yang
I Ching transform
Earth
Fire
Míng Yí [36] Overshadow; Darkening
Change
: 丰蔀, , 遇, . Jiǔ sì: fēng qí bù, rì zhōng jiàn dǒu, yù qí yí zhǔ, jí.

The fourth ‘nine’, undivided, shows its subject in a tent so large and thick that at midday he can see from it the constellation of the Bushel. But he meets with the subject of the (first) line, undivided like himself. There will be good fortune.

: 丰蔀, . , 幽. 遇, ; . Xiàng zhuàn: Fēng qí bù, wèi bù dàng yě. rì zhōng jiàn dǒu, yōu bù míng yě. yù qí yí zhǔ, jí; xíng yě.

‘He is surrounded by a screen large and thick:’ - the position of the line is inappropriate. ‘At midday he sees the constellation of the Bushel:’ - there is darkness and no light. ‘He meets with the subject of the line, undivided like himself. There will be good fortune:’ - action may be taken.

young yin changing yin young yang young yang young yin young yang
I Ching transform
Lake
Fire
[49] Revolution; Renewal
Change
: 章, 誉, . Liù wǔ: lái zhāng, yǒu qìng yù, jí.

The fifth ‘six’, divided, shows its subject bringing around him the men of brilliant ability. There will be occasion for congratulation and praise. There will be good fortune.

: , . Xiàng zhuàn: Liù wǔ zhī jí, yǒu qìng yě.

‘The good fortune indicated by the fifth ‘six’, (divided), is the congratulation (that is sure to arise).

changing yin young yin young yang young yang young yin young yang
I Ching transform
Fire
Fire
[30] Adherence; Brightness
Change
: 丰, 蔀, 窥, 阒, 觌, 凶. Shàng liù: fēng qí wū, bù qí jiā, kuī qí hù, qù qí wú rén, sān suì bù dí, xiōng.

The topmost ‘six’, divided, shows its subject with his house made large, but only serving as a screen to his household. When he looks at his door, it is still, and there is nobody about it. For three years no one is to be seen. There will be evil.

: 丰, . 窥, 阒, . Xiàng zhuàn: Fēng qí wū, tiān jì xiáng yě. Kuī qí hù, qù qí wú rén, zì cáng yě.

‘He has made his house large:’ - he soars (in his pride) to the heavens. ‘He looks at his door, which is still, with no one about it:’ - he (only) keeps himself withdrawn from all others.

Bolts

A bolt can mean several things; one of the more obscure is as a measure of length of cloth. A bolt of silk was used as a trading currency for many centuries. Barbarian neighbors were often paid off by being given thousands of bolts of silk. It is roughly 15 to 25 yards of cloth, the measurement varied over time and the measure is still in use. In China it is known as 匹 or 疋 and is now set to be equal to four zhang.
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This translation of the YiJing classic text uses the original Chinese including the Xiàng zhuàn commentary converted to modern simplified characters and pinyin. The English translation is based on William Legge (1899) which is now out of copyright. We have changed some wording and converted to American spelling. We hope to replace this with a more modern translation.

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