Fire Fire

噬嗑 Shì Kè [21]

Yang line Yin - controlling line Yang line Yin line Yin line Yang line


crowds, courts

Jǐng [48] Source; Replenish
[22] Pattern; Elegance
Jiǎn [39] Obstruction; Hardship

month Month 10 ; Host or Controlling line : 5
噬嗑: . 狱. Shì kè: hēng. lì yòng yù.

Shi He indicates successful progress (in the condition of things which it supposes). It will be advantageous to use legal constraints.

: 颐物, 噬嗑, 噬嗑. , , 章. 柔, , . Tuàn zhuàn: Yí zhōng yǒu wù, yuē shì kè, shì kè ér hēng. gāng róu fēn, dòng ér míng, léi diàn hé ér zhāng. róu dé zhòng ér shàng xíng, suī bù dàng wèi, lì yòng yù yě.

The existence of something between the jaws gives rise to the name Shi He (Union by means of biting through the intervening article). The Union by means of biting through the intervening article indicates 'the successful progress (denoted by the hexagram).' The strong and weak (lines) are equally divided (in the figure). Movement is denoted (by the lower trigram), and bright intelligence (by the upper); thunder and lightning uniting in them, and having brilliant manifestation. The weak (fifth) line is in the center, and acts in its high position. Although it is not in its proper position, this is advantageous for the use of legal constraints.

: 电噬嗑; 罚敕. Xiàng zhuàn: Léi diàn shì kè; xiān wáng yǐ míng fá chì fǎ.

(The trigrams representing) thunder and lightning form Shi He. The ancient kings, in accordance with this, framed their penalties with intelligence, and promulgated their laws.

young yang young yin young yang young yin young yin changing yang
I Ching transform
Jìn [35] Rapid advance; Gain ground
: 屦趾, . Chū jiǔ: jù xiào miè zhǐ, wú jiù.

The first ‘nine’, undivided, shows one with his feet in the stocks and deprived of his toes. There will be no error.

: 屦趾, . Xiàng zhuàn: Jù xiào miè zhǐ, bù xíng yě.

'His feet are in the stocks, and he is deprived of his toes:' - there is no walking (to do evil).

young yang young yin young yang young yin changing yin young yang
I Ching transform
Kuí [38] Opposition; Diversity
: 噬肤鼻, . Liù èr: shì fū miè bí, wú jiù.

The second ‘six’, divided, shows one biting through the soft flesh, and (going on to) bite off the nose. There will be no error.

: 噬肤鼻, 乘. Xiàng zhuàn: Shì fū miè bí, chéng gāng yě.

'He bites through the soft flesh, and (goes on) to bite off the nose:' - (the subject of the line) is mounted on the strong (first line).

young yang young yin young yang changing yin young yin young yang
I Ching transform
[30] Adherence; Brightness
: 噬腊, 遇毒; 吝, . Liù sān: shì là ròu, yù dú; xiǎo lìn, wú jiù.

The third ‘six’, divided, shows one gnawing dried flesh, and meeting with what is disagreeable. There will be occasion for some small regret, but no (great) error.

: 遇毒, . Xiàng zhuàn: Yù dú, wèi bù dàng yě.

'He meets with what is disagreeable and hurtful:' - his position is not the proper one for him.

young yang young yin changing yang young yin young yin young yang
I Ching transform
[27] Nutrition; Nourishment
: 噬乾胏, , , . Jiǔ sì: shì qián zǐ, dé jīn shǐ, lì jiān zhēn, jí.

The fourth ‘nine’, undivided, shows one gnawing the flesh dried on the bone, and getting the pledges of money and arrows. It will be advantageous to him to realize the difficulty of his task and be firm,- in which case there will be good fortune.

: , . Xiàng zhuàn: Lì jiān zhēn jí, wèi guāng yě.

'It will be advantageous to him to realize the difficulty of his task and be firm, in which case there will be good fortune:' - his light has not yet been sufficiently displayed.

young yang changing yin young yang young yin young yin young yang
I Ching transform
Wú Wàng [25] Unforeseen; Honesty
: 噬乾, , , . Liù wǔ: shì qián ròu, dé huáng jīn, zhēn lì, wú jiù.

The fifth ‘six’, divided, shows one gnawing at dried flesh, and finding the yellow gold. Let him be firm and correct, realizing the peril (of his position). There will be no error.

: , . Xiàng zhuàn: Zhēn lì wú jiù, dé dàng yě.

'Let him be firm and correct, realizing the peril (of his position), and there will be no error:' - he will possess every quality appropriate (to his position and task).

changing yang young yin young yang young yin young yin young yang
I Ching transform
Zhèn [51] Excitation; Enactment
: , 凶. Shàng jiǔ: hé xiào miè ěr, xiōng.

The sixth ‘nine’, undivided, shows one wearing the instrument of punishment, and deprived of his ears. There will be evil.

: , . Xiàng zhuàn: Hé xiào miè ěr, cōng bù míng yě.

‘He wears the instrument of punishment and is deprived of his ears:’ - he hears, but will not understand.

Thu 3rd Aug

Border frictions with India

The shadow of the past continues to complicate the often fractious relations between the two most populated countries India and China. The current dispute is over a new highway being built in the 'Chinese' portion of land in the area bordering Nepal, Bhutan and India. The land borders were drawn up by the British and negotiated with the then Republican government in China not the current People's Republic and that is one of the problems; the Chinese perspective is that they never agreed to the line of the current border.

India, it is claimed moved up to 400 armed border forces 100m into Chinese territory at Doklam to obstruct a new road. Latest news suggests India has withdrawn many of these forces but tensions persist.

The current troop movements bring to mind the brief and little known Sino-Indian War in 1962 which had 2,000 casualties. The border dispute was over different territories along the border and China won that war. It all suggests that poor relations between China and India persist, China has always chosen Pakistan as its preferred ally in the region.

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This translation of the YiJing classic text uses the original Chinese including the Xiàng zhuàn commentary converted to modern simplified characters and pinyin. The English translation is based on William Legge (1899) which is now out of copyright. We have changed some wording and converted to American spelling. We hope to replace this with a more modern translation.
In the first few paragraphs each gua is described. The name of the gua (hexagram) is followed by the two trigrams that make it up (lake, mountain, fire, water, earth, heaven, thunder and wind). Each gua has a controlling element (earth, fire, water, metal and wood). After this information there are three related guas. The Opposite gua is the one where all yang is changed to yin and yin to yang - it is usually opposite in meaning. The Inverse gua is the gua with the order inverted so first is last and vice versa. The mutual gua is a more complex combination and re-ordering of the internal trigrams making up the gua. Then the association of the gua to the annual cycle is shown - this is the Chinese lunar month number (not Western month). The controlling or host yao is considered the most important line in the gua and is highlighted in the hexagram.
The main description for the hexagram is then followed by a section for each of the six possible changing lines which indicate the transformation into another, related gua. The text uses ‘nine’ to refer to a yang line and ‘six’ for a yin line. The pure yin and yang hexagrams have, however, a different text structure as they are so important.

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