Element:
Metal Metal

Tóng Rén [13]

Yang line Yang line Yang line Yang line Yin - controlling line Yang line

Aggregation
Fellowship

community, all together

Earth
Water
Shī [7] Mass action; Multitude
Opposite
Fire
Heaven
Dà Yǒu [14] Profusion; Great harvest
Inverse
Heaven
Wind
Gòu [44] Reaction; Encountering
Mutual

month Month 7 ; Host or Controlling line : 2
野, . , . Tóng rén yú yě, hēng. lì shè dà chuān, lì jūn zǐ zhēn.

Tong Ren (or 'Union of men') appears here (as we find it) in the (remote districts of the) country, indicating progress and success. It will be advantageous to cross the great stream. It will be advantageous to maintain the firm correctness of the superior man.

: , 柔, 乾, . , 野, . , 乾. , 应, . 唯. Tuàn zhuàn: Tóng rén, róu dé wèi dé zhòng, ér yìng hū qián, yuētóng rén. tóng rén yuē, Tóng rén yú yě, hēng. Lì shè dà chuān, qián xíng yě. Wén míng yǐ jiàn, zhōng zhèng ér yìng, jūn zǐ zhèng yě. Wéi jūn zǐ wéi néng tōng tiān xià zhī zhì.

In Tong Ren the weak (line) has the place (of influence), the central place, and responds to (the corresponding line in) Qian (above); hence comes its name of Tong Ren (or 'Union of men'). Tong Ren says: - The language, 'Tong Ren appears here (as we find it) in (the remote districts of) the country, indicating progress and success, and that it will be advantageous to cross the great stream,' is molded by its containing the strength (symbolized) in Qian. (Then) we have (the trigram indicating) elegance and intelligence, supported by (that indicating) strength; with the line in the central, and its correct, position, and responding (to the corresponding line above): - (all representing) the correct course of the superior man. It is only the superior man who can comprehend and affect the minds of all under the sky.

: , ; 辨物. Xiàng zhuàn: Tiān yǔ huǒ, tóng rén; jūn zǐ yǐ lèi zú biàn wù.

(The trigrams for) heaven and fire form Tong Ren. The superior man, in accordance with this), distinguishes things according to their kinds and classes.

young yang young yang young yang young yang young yin changing yang
I Ching transform
Heaven
Mountain
Dùn [33] Regression; Retreat
Change
: , . Chū jiǔ: tóng rén yú mén, wú jiù.

The first ‘nine’, undivided, (shows the representative of) the union of men just issuing from his gate. There will be no error.

: , . Xiàng zhuàn: Chū mén tóng rén, yòu shéi jiù yě.

'(The representative of) the union of men is just issuing from his gate:' - who will blame him?

young yang young yang young yang young yang changing yin young yang
I Ching transform
Heaven
Heaven
Qián [1] Donator; Initiating
Change
: 宗, 吝. Liù èr: tóng rén yú zōng, lìn.

The second ‘six’, divided, (shows the representative of) the union of men in relation with his kindred. There will be occasion for regret.

: 宗, 吝. Xiàng zhuàn: Tóng rén yú zōng, lìn dào yě.

'(The representative of) the union of men appears in relation with his kindred:' - that is the path to regret.

young yang young yang young yang changing yang young yin young yang
I Ching transform
Heaven
Wood
Wú Wàng [25] Unforeseen; Honesty
Change
: 伏戎莽, 升, . Jiǔ sān: fú róng yú mǎng, shēng qí gāo líng, sān suì bù xīng.

The third ‘nine’, undivided, (shows its subject) with his arms hidden in the thick grass, and at the top of a high mound. (But) for three years he makes no demonstration.

: 伏戎莽, 敌. , . Xiàng zhuàn: Fú róng yú mǎng, dí gāng yě. sān suì bù xīng, ān xíng yě.

'He hides his arms in the thick grass:' - because of the strength of his opponent. 'For three years he makes no demonstration:' - how can he do anything?

young yang young yang changing yang young yang young yin young yang
I Ching transform
Wind
Fire
Jiā Rén [37] Relationship; Domesticity
Change
: 乘墉, 攻, . Jiǔ sì: chéng qí yōng, fú kè gōng, jí.

The fourth ‘nine’, undivided, (shows its subject) mounted on the city wall; but he does not proceed to make the attack (he contemplates). There will be good fortune.

: 乘墉, , , 则困. Xiàng zhuàn: Chéng qí yōng, yì fú kè yě, qí jí, zé kùn ér fǎn zé yě.

'He is mounted on his city-wall;' but yielding to the right, 'he does not proceed to make the attack (he contemplated).' (Where it is said),'There will be good fortune,' (that shows how) he feels the strait he is in, and returns to the rule of law.

young yang changing yang young yang young yang young yin young yang
I Ching transform
Fire
Fire
[30] Adherence; Brightness
Change
: , . 遇. Jiǔ wǔ: tóng rén, xiān háo táo ér hòu xiào. dà shī kè xiāng yù.

In the fifth ‘nine’, undivided, (the representative of) the union of men first wails and cries out, and then laughs. His great host conquers, and he (and the subject of the second line) meet together.

: , . 遇, . Xiàng zhuàn: Tóng rén zhī xiān, yǐ zhōng zhí yě. dà shī xiāng yù, yán xiāng kè yě.

The first action of (the representative of) the union of men (here described) arises from his central position and straightforward character. 'The meeting secured by his great host' intimates that the opponents of it have been overcome.

changing yang young yang young yang young yang young yin young yang
I Ching transform
Lake
Fire
[49] Revolution; Renewal
Change
: 郊, 悔. Shàng jiǔ: tóng rén yú jiāo, wú huǐ.

The topmost ‘nine’, undivided, (shows the representative of) the union of men in the suburbs. There will be no occasion for repentance.

: 郊, . Xiàng zhuàn: Tóng rén yú jiāo, zhì wèi dé yě.

'(The representative of) the union of men appears in the suburbs:' - his object has not yet been attained.

This translation of the YiJing classic text uses the original Chinese including the Xiàng zhuàn commentary converted to modern simplified characters and pinyin. The English translation is based on William Legge (1899) which is now out of copyright. We have changed some wording and converted to American spelling. We hope to replace this with a more modern translation.
In the first few paragraphs each gua is described. The name of the gua (hexagram) is followed by the two trigrams that make it up (lake, mountain, fire, water, earth, heaven, thunder and wind). Each gua has a controlling element (earth, fire, water, metal and wood). After this information there are three related guas. The Opposite gua is the one where all yang is changed to yin and yin to yang - it is usually opposite in meaning. The Inverse gua is the gua with the order inverted so first is last and vice versa. The mutual gua is a more complex combination and re-ordering of the internal trigrams making up the gua. Then the association of the gua to the annual cycle is shown - this is the Chinese lunar month number (not Western month). The controlling or host yao is considered the most important line in the gua and is highlighted in the hexagram.
The main description for the hexagram is then followed by a section for each of the six possible changing lines which indicate the transformation into another, related gua. The text uses ‘nine’ to refer to a yang line and ‘six’ for a yin line. The pure yin and yang hexagrams have, however, a different text structure as they are so important.

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