Wood Wood

Guī Mèi [54]

Yin line Yin - controlling line Yang line Yin line Yang line Yang line

Marrying Maiden


Jiàn [53] Progression; Gradual development
Opposite and Inverse
Jì Jì [63] Consumation; Sated

month Month 9 ; Host or Controlling line : 5
: 凶, . Guī mèi: zhēng xiōng, wú yōu lì.

Gui Mei indicates that (under the conditions which it denotes) action will be evil, and in no wise advantageous.

: , . , , . , . 凶, . , 柔乘. Tuàn zhuàn: Guī mèi, tiān dì zhī dà yì yě. tiān dì bù jiāo, ér wàn wù bù xīng, guī mèi rén zhī zhōng shǐ yě. shuō yǐ dòng, suǒguī mèi yě. zhēng xiōng, wèi bù dàng yě. wú yōu lì, róu chéng gāng yě.

By Gui Mei (the marrying away of a younger sister) the great and righteous relation between heaven and earth (is suggested to us). If heaven and earth were to have no intercommunication, things would not grow and flourish as they do. The marriage of a younger sister is the end (of her maidenhood) and the beginning (of her motherhood). We have (in the hexagram the desire of) pleasure and, on the ground of that, movement following. The marrying away is of a younger sister. ‘Any action will be evil:’ - the places (of the lines) are not those appropriate to them. ‘It will be in no wise advantageous:’ - the weak (third and fifth lines) are mounted on strong lines.

: , ; 敝. Xiàng zhuàn: Zé shàng yǒu léi, guī mèi; jūn zǐ yǐ yǒng zhōng zhī bì.

(The trigram representing the waters of) a marsh and over it that for thunder form Gui Mei. The superior man, in accordance with this, having regard to the far-distant end, knows the mischief (that may be done at the beginning).

young yin young yin young yang young yin young yang changing yang
I Ching transform
Xiè [40] Disentangle; Relief
: 娣, 跛履, . Chū jiǔ: guī mèi yǐ dì, bǒ néng lǚ, zhēng jí.

The first ‘nine’, undivided, shows the younger sister married off in a position ancillary to the real wife. (It suggests the idea of) a person lame on one leg who yet manages to tramp along. Going forward will be fortunate.

: 娣, . 跛, . Xiàng zhuàn: Guī mèi yǐ dì, yǐ héng yě. bǒ néng lǚ jí, xiāng chéng yě.

‘The younger sister is married off in a position ancillary to that of the real wife:’ - it is the constant practice (for such a case). ‘Lame on one leg, she is able to tramp along:’ - she can render helpful service.

young yin young yin young yang young yin changing yang young yang
I Ching transform
Zhèn [51] Excitation; Enactment
: 眇视, . Jiǔ èr: miǎo néng shì, lì yōu rén zhī zhēn.

The second ‘nine’, undivided, shows her blind of one eye, and yet able to see. There will be advantage in her maintaining the firm correctness of a solitary widow.

: , . Xiàng zhuàn: Lì yōu rén zhī zhēn, wèi biàn cháng yě.

‘There will be advantage in maintaining the firm correctness of a solitary widow:’ - (the subject of the line) has not changed from the constancy (proper to a wife).

young yin young yin young yang changing yin young yang young yang
I Ching transform
Dà Zhuàng [34] Powerful; Great strength
: 须, 娣. Liù sān: guī mèi yǐ xū, fǎn guī yǐ dì.

The third ‘six’, divided, shows the younger sister who was to be married off in a mean position. She returns and accepts an ancillary position.

: 须, . Xiàng zhuàn: Guī mèi yǐ xū, wèi dāng yě.

‘The younger sister who was to be married off is in a mean position:’ - this is shown by the improprieties (indicated in the line).

young yin young yin changing yang young yin young yang young yang
I Ching transform
Lín [19] Convergence; Approach
: , 迟. Jiǔ sì: guī mèi qiān qī, chí guī yǒu shí.

The fourth ‘nine’, undivided, shows the younger sister who is to be married off protracting the time. She may be late in being married, but the time will come.

: 愆, . Xiàng zhuàn: Qiān qī zhī zhì, yǒu dài ér xíng yě.

(The purpose in) ‘protracting the time’ is that, after waiting, the thing may be done (all the better).

young yin changing yin young yang young yin young yang young yang
I Ching transform
Duì [58] Serenity; Joy
: , 袂, , 望, . Liù wǔ: dì yǐ guī mèi, qí jūn zhī mèi, bù rú qí dì zhī mèi liáng, yuè jī wàng, jí.

The fifth ‘six’, divided, reminds us of the marrying of the younger sister of (king) Di-yi, when the sleeves of her the princess were not equal to those of the (still) younger sister who accompanied her in an inferior capacity. (The case suggests the thought of) the moon almost full. There will be good fortune.

: , . , . Xiàng zhuàn: Dì yǐ guī mèi, bù rú qí dì zhī mèi liáng yě. qí wèi zài zhōng, yǐ guì xíng yě.

‘The sleeves of the younger sister of (king) Di-yi, when she was married away, were not equal to those of her (half-)sister, who accompanied her:’ - such was her noble character, indicated by the central position of the line.

changing yin young yin young yang young yin young yang young yang
I Ching transform
Kuí [38] Opposition; Diversity
: 承筐, 血, . Shàng liù: nǚ chéng kuāng wú shí, shì kuī yáng wú xuè, wú yōu lì.

The sixth ‘six’, divided, shows the young lady bearing the basket, but without anything in it, and the gentleman slaughtering the sheep, but without blood flowing from it. There will be no advantage in any way.

: , 承虚筐. Xiàng zhuàn: Shàng liù wú shí, chéng xū kuāng yě.

‘(What is said in) the sixth ‘six’, (divided),about there being nothing in the basket’ shows that the subject of it is carrying an empty basket.

Thu 3rd Aug

Border frictions with India

The shadow of the past continues to complicate the often fractious relations between the two most populated countries India and China. The current dispute is over a new highway being built in the 'Chinese' portion of land in the area bordering Nepal, Bhutan and India. The land borders were drawn up by the British and negotiated with the then Republican government in China not the current People's Republic and that is one of the problems; the Chinese perspective is that they never agreed to the line of the current border.

India, it is claimed moved up to 400 armed border forces 100m into Chinese territory at Doklam to obstruct a new road. Latest news suggests India has withdrawn many of these forces but tensions persist.

The current troop movements bring to mind the brief and little known Sino-Indian War in 1962 which had 2,000 casualties. The border dispute was over different territories along the border and China won that war. It all suggests that poor relations between China and India persist, China has always chosen Pakistan as its preferred ally in the region.

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This translation of the YiJing classic text uses the original Chinese including the Xiàng zhuàn commentary converted to modern simplified characters and pinyin. The English translation is based on William Legge (1899) which is now out of copyright. We have changed some wording and converted to American spelling. We hope to replace this with a more modern translation.
In the first few paragraphs each gua is described. The name of the gua (hexagram) is followed by the two trigrams that make it up (lake, mountain, fire, water, earth, heaven, thunder and wind). Each gua has a controlling element (earth, fire, water, metal and wood). After this information there are three related guas. The Opposite gua is the one where all yang is changed to yin and yin to yang - it is usually opposite in meaning. The Inverse gua is the gua with the order inverted so first is last and vice versa. The mutual gua is a more complex combination and re-ordering of the internal trigrams making up the gua. Then the association of the gua to the annual cycle is shown - this is the Chinese lunar month number (not Western month). The controlling or host yao is considered the most important line in the gua and is highlighted in the hexagram.
The main description for the hexagram is then followed by a section for each of the six possible changing lines which indicate the transformation into another, related gua. The text uses ‘nine’ to refer to a yang line and ‘six’ for a yin line. The pure yin and yang hexagrams have, however, a different text structure as they are so important.

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