Chinasage : All about China

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China sage's information will be of use wanting to learn more about world's upcoming nation. We cover China's history, traditions, language and provinces. China sage is in active development – check back to see new and expanded information.

We have descriptions of each Chinese province , and the dynasties but just as importantly we cover all sorts of cultural traditions. We hope you find the site the best place to start your study of China. We plan to continue to improve and extend our coverage.

If you think you know about China, check out your knowledge with our Quiz section, all the answers to the questions are somewhere on the web site. Our source section has full reviews and descriptions of over a hundred books about China that have been used as reference material for these pages.

Chinese year of the dog

Happy Chinese New Year of the Dog 2018 on 16th February!

Nián nián yǒu yú

For all about celebrating Chinese New Year see our Spring Festival guide.

Events for 25th Feb

1875 Emperor Guangxu became ruler 1875 (143 years ago)

Time in China

clearBeijing weather
Clear
16 ° F / -9 ° C
Feb 24th 2018 at 6:00pm UCT
Wunderground data source

Qufu

The town of Qufu, Shandong was the home of Confucius ( Kǒngfūzǐ ) and descendents now in the 83rd generation still live there. The size and grandeur of the buildings rival that of the Forbidden City in Beijing.
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The Lay-Osborn Flotilla of 1862-63

The Lay-Osborn Flotilla of 1862-63

History

After China's defeat in the Opium Wars it is amazing that China then chose to buy a naval force from its enemy Britain. Although boats were duly made China refused to take delivery of them and Anglo-Chinese relations went into a further decline.
Chinese Universities

Chinese Universities

China

We include a comprehensive guide to the top Universities in China giving details of student numbers, location, ranking and a bit about their history.
Chinese Music

Chinese Music

Culture

As in so many other cultural areas the musical heritage of China is extremely rich. A wide range of different musical instruments have been developed over thousands of years. Accomplishment with a musical instrument is still considered an important part of a child's education. The success of many Chinese players in the Western classical tradition suggests a long cultural appreciation of music.
Tue 13th Feb

Grand plan for rural development

Unexciting news for some may be but China is known for its long term central planning. A major new policy initiative is to lift all rural people out of poverty. The aim is that by 2050 that rural areas should have efficient, quality agriculture, a beautiful countryside and the farmers wealthy. Such a transformation will take stages and will involve marginal land being taken out of agricultural production and people moved off the land. To achieve these ends the continuing campaign against corruption by local officials will be escalated. Although China is becmoing urbanized at an unprecedented rate in world history their are still hundreds of millions trapped in poverty in the China's vast interior.
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The State of China Atlas

book cover Geographical information can be dull and hard to interpret, this heavily illustrated book brings the subject to life with many colorful graphs and diagrams. There have been a number of published editions to keep the information up-to-date. It covers all the main economic and geographic data as well as government organization and the legal system. A very useful way to see how China compares to other countries and how different are the regions that make up China.
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Sat 30th Dec 2017

China ban on all ivory trade comes into force

For a very long time ivory from Africa has been smuggled into China where after it is carved it is often falsely labeled 'antique' so it can be sold. With increasing affluence in China the market in ivory had grown with the result that poachers in Africa have established a lucrative illegal market.

Moves by the Chinese government have driven the trade underground and the price for ivory has dropped and from 1st January 2018 a total ban on ivory trade is to be enforced involving the shutting down of the few remaining workshops.

China used to have a considerable population of Asian elephants but killing and habitat erosion has now restricted the pachyderms to only a few places in Yunnan. There are believed to be only 250 of them but numbers have started to rise.

Ming dynasty, Beijing, sacred way, elephant
Elephant guarding the Sacred or Spirit Way to the Ming Tombs, Beijing

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Mon 19th Feb

The year of the Pekingese dog

With many people still celebrating the Spring Festival and the start of the Year of the Dog, I came across a piece describing the decline of what was the most famous breed of dog in China. The Pekingese were Dowager Empress Cixi's favorite dog and she kept hundreds. They were bred to look like tiny lions rather than dogs and Cixi kept them as lap dogs. They were given marble kennels in the Forbidden City and rested on silk cushions. Imperial eunuchs looked after the dogs and they were given the choicest meat and rice. As part of the spoils of the sacking of the Summer Palace in the Opium Wars (1860) one Pekingese dog was sent back to Queen Victoria which she kept as a pet called 'Looty'.

In China the Pekingese breed is not now popular, people now prefer poodles and other breeds. The small, local population is now considered so inbred that Chinese are looking to bring back Pekingese from overseas to re-invigorate the breed.

dog
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All about China

Our geography section has pages for each individual province as well as the great Yangzi and Yellow rivers. To complete the wide coverage we have included pages on climate, population, ethnic people, airports and universities.
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The State of China Atlas

book cover Geographical information can be dull and hard to interpret, this heavily illustrated book brings the subject to life with many colorful graphs and diagrams. There have been a number of published editions to keep the information up-to-date. It covers all the main economic and geographic data as well as government organization and the legal system. A very useful way to see how China compares to other countries and how different are the regions that make up China.
More details...

About Chinasage

We're building an exciting new information source all about China. We found other sites were poorly structured, too detailed (such as Wikipedia) or just too old-fashioned. What we thought was needed was a carefully constructed set of pages with strict editorial control so that links and pages are consistent, up-to-date and easy to navigate without clutter.

We chose the name “Chinasage” for the web site because this can be read as either “china sage” ( zhōng guó yīng míng) or “china's age” ( zhōng guó shí dài) , which promotes our new knowledge resource at a time when China has come of age in the World.

China Sage Site updates

Here are the last few updates made to the web site. For older entries please visit our site updates page.

Thu 1st Feb

We've added some extra entries into our extensive guide to Chinese Symbolism. These include: Onions, Rhinoceroses, Ice and Hats.

And now we've just completed a scan on all the 2,864 unique references to other web site. Even over a year many web sites have shutdown or been relocated, some have re-organized their content. In this latest scan we've changed many URLs to use the secure form (https://) as that is now becoming standard. You can already use https://www.chinasage.info for this web site.

Xinjiang, landscape, river
NOITEMIMAGES
Fri 22nd Dec 2017

As we approach the end of 2017 it seemed appropriate to publish more information about Chinese New Year, which is late in coming this year - it is not until February 16th. We describe the traditions and customs associated with the various days of the long festival. The Chinese people have never needed much excuse for a festival and will also celebrate Christmas Day and New Years Day, mainly in the cities.

lanterns, new year
Chinese New Year, Saigon, Vietnam. Image by falco available under a Creative Commons License
Mon 18th Dec 2017

In preparation for 2018 we've now made our whole year at a view available online, as a PDF and as a graphics file for you to download and print. It shows all the festivals, lichun calendar and public holidays as well as all the Chinese months and days.

At the same time we've upgraded many of the graphics on the web site as some were a bit too grainy (due to heavy image compression).

tea, people
Demonstrating the elaborate tea ceremony at the Du Fu Thatched Cottage Museum, Chengdu, Sichuan

Conventions

We use a consistent style for links within Chinasage. An internal link taking you to another page within our site is shown like this while a link to a page on any other web site is shown like this .

We use Chinese characters wherever appropriate. Most browsers should display both the characters and the pinyin correctly. Where the older Wade Giles system is still used we make sure this is highlighted. Except where stated all characters are the modern simplified form used in the People's Republic rather than the traditional ones (pre-1970s). To help you learn Chinese characters many of the very common characters are highlighted thus: hovering the mouse over the character pops up a box showing derivation and usage information for the character.

Dates are given using the BCE/CE (Before Common Era and in Common Era) year convention rather than BC/AD. If a date is not followed by BCE or CE it should be taken as CE.

Authorship

All the text on the Chinasage web site is our own, we do not copy and paste from other web sites. We research each topic from a number of separate sources. The only exception to this are quotations and image credits. All text is our copyright and can not be used/copied without our permission. We are independent of any other company or government, the opinions expressed are our own. We do not receive funding from any external agency or organization.

Teacup Media (China History Podcast)

We are delighted to be able to promote links to Laszlo Montgomery's excellent Teacup Media series created over the last six years. Lazlo Montgomery has in depth knowledge of building commercial contacts with China over 25 years. This set of 175 podcasts totals almost 100 hours of audio commentary which covers every conceivable topic in Chinese history. Highly recommended.

Acknowledgments

We are extremely grateful to the many people who have put their photographs online for anyone to adapt and use. Without them our site would be very drab. If we are not using the image license correctly please let us know. Some pages use Javascript to create special effects such as our airport table and calendar. We are grateful to the original authors for providing their code to be used and adapted by anyone else. The online Chinese dictionary uses the definition from the CC-CEDICT project for which we are grateful for a generous free license.

Feel free to contact Chinasage to point out any errors, omissions or suggestions on how to improve this web site.

Copyright © Chinasage 2012 to 2018