Element:
Earth Earth

Lín [19]

Yin line Yin line Yin line Yin line Yang - controlling line Yang line

Convergence
Approach

acost

Heaven
Mountain
Dùn [33] Regression; Retreat
Opposite
Wind
Earth
Guān [20] Vision; Contemplation
Inverse
Earth
Wood
[24] Return; Turning back
Mutual

month Month 12 ; Host or Controlling line : 2
临: , , , . 凶. Lín: yuán, hēng, lì, zhēn. zhì yú bā yuè yǒu xiōng.

Lin (indicates that under the conditions supposed in it) there will be great progress and success, while it will be advantageous to be firmly correct. In the eighth month there will be evil.

: 临, . , 应, , . 凶, 消. Tuàn zhuàn: Lín, gāng jìn ér zhǎng. shuō ér shùn, gāng zhōng ér yīng, dà hēng yǐ zhèng, tiān zhī dào yě. zhì yú bā yuè yǒu xiōng, xiāo bù jiǔ yě.

In Lin (we see) the strong (lines) gradually increasing and advancing. (The lower trigram is the symbol of) being pleased, and (the upper of) being compliant. The strong (line) is in the central position, and is properly responded to. 'There is great progress and success, along with firm correctness:' - this is the way of Heaven. 'In the eighth month there will be evil:' - (the advancing power) will decay after no long time.

: , 临; 穷, . Xiàng zhuàn: Zé shàng yǒu dì, lín; jūn zǐ yǐ jiào sī wú qióng, róng bǎo mín wú jiāng.

(The trigram for) the waters of a marsh and that for the earth above it form Lin. The superior man, in accordance with this, has his purposes of instruction that are inexhaustible, and nourishes and supports the people without limit.

young yin young yin young yin young yin young yang changing yang
I Ching transform
Earth
Water
Shī [7] Mass action; Multitude
Change
: 咸临, . Chū jiǔ: xián lín, zhēn jí.

The first ‘nine’, undivided, shows its subject advancing in company (with the subject of the second line). Through his firm correctness there will be good fortune.

: 咸临, . Xiàng zhuàn: Xián lín zhēn jí, zhì xíng zhèng yě.

'The good fortune through the firm correctness of (the subject of the first line) advancing in company (with the subject of the second)' is due to his will being set on doing what is right.

young yin young yin young yin young yin changing yang young yang
I Ching transform
Earth
Wood
[24] Return; Turning back
Change
: 咸临, . Jiǔ èr: xián lín, jí wú bù lì.

The second ‘nine’, undivided, shows its subject advancing in company (with the subject of the first line). There will be good fortune; (advancing) will be in every way advantageous.

: 咸临, ; . Xiàng zhuàn: Xián lín, jí wú bù lì; wèi shùn mìng yě.

'The good fortune and every possible advantage attending the advance (of the subject of the second line), in company (with the subject of the first),' arises from the fact that those (to whom the advance is made) are not yet obedient to the ordinances (of Heaven).

young yin young yin young yin changing yin young yang young yang
I Ching transform
Earth
Heaven
Tài [11] Elevation; Advance
Change
: 临, . , . Liù sān: gān lín, wú yōu lì. jì yōu zhī, wú jiù.

The third ‘six’, divided, shows one well pleased (indeed) to advance, (but whose action) will be in no way advantageous. If he become anxious about it (however), there will be no error.

: 临, . , . Xiàng zhuàn: Gān lín, wèi bù dàng yě. jì yōu zhī, jiù bù cháng yě.

'He (shows himself) well pleased to advance:' - his position is not that appropriate to him. 'If he become anxious, however, about his action,' his error will not be continued.

young yin young yin changing yin young yin young yang young yang
I Ching transform
Wood
Lake
Guī Mèi [54] Union; Marrying Maiden
Change
: 临, . Liù sì: zhì lín, wú jiù.

The fourth ‘six’, divided, shows one advancing in the highest mode. There will be no error.

: , . Xiàng zhuàn: Zhì lín wú jiù, wèi dàng yě.

'The freedom from error consequent on the advance in the highest mode' is due to the (various) appropriateness of the position.

young yin changing yin young yin young yin young yang young yang
I Ching transform
Water
Lake
Jié [60] Regulation; Restriction
Change
: 临, , . Liù wǔ: zhī lín, dà jūn zhī yí, jí.

The fifth ‘six’, divided, shows the advance of wisdom, such as befits the great ruler. There will be good fortune.

: , . Xiàng zhuàn: Dà jūn zhī yí, xíng zhōng zhī wèi yě.

'What befits the great ruler' means the pursuing the course of the due mean.

changing yin young yin young yin young yin young yang young yang
I Ching transform
Mountain
Lake
Sǔn [41] Diminution; Reduction
Change
: 敦临, . Shàng liù: dūn lín, jí wú jiù.

The sixth ‘six’, divided, shows the advance of honesty and generosity. There will be good fortune, and no error.

: 敦临, . Xiàng zhuàn: Dūn lín zhī jí, zhì zài nèi yě.

'The good fortune consequent on the advance of honesty and generosity' is due to the will (of the subject of the line) being set on the subjects of (the first two lines of) the inner (trigram).

This translation of the YiJing classic text uses the original Chinese including the Xiàng zhuàn commentary converted to modern simplified characters and pinyin. The English translation is based on William Legge (1899) which is now out of copyright. We have changed some wording and converted to American spelling. We hope to replace this with a more modern translation.
In the first few paragraphs each gua is described. The name of the gua (hexagram) is followed by the two trigrams that make it up (lake, mountain, fire, water, earth, heaven, thunder and wind). Each gua has a controlling element (earth, fire, water, metal and wood). After this information there are three related guas. The Opposite gua is the one where all yang is changed to yin and yin to yang - it is usually opposite in meaning. The Inverse gua is the gua with the order inverted so first is last and vice versa. The mutual gua is a more complex combination and re-ordering of the internal trigrams making up the gua. Then the association of the gua to the annual cycle is shown - this is the Chinese lunar month number (not Western month). The controlling or host yao is considered the most important line in the gua and is highlighted in the hexagram.
The main description for the hexagram is then followed by a section for each of the six possible changing lines which indicate the transformation into another, related gua. The text uses ‘nine’ to refer to a yang line and ‘six’ for a yin line. The pure yin and yang hexagrams have, however, a different text structure as they are so important.

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