Chinese characters by parts

Sometimes when you are trying to find the meaning of a Chinese character it is not possible to use the traditional method. Instead of listing characters by radical this index, lists characters by component part. In many cases the radical is the component to look up but sometimes the radical is hard to recognize or locate within the character . If a character has multiple identifiable components it is listed under each component part. Take for example the character 'dog' it has the 'dog' radical 'quan' and so it is listed under this component, but it also has elements 'mouth' and 'wrap' so it is also listed under these. To a learner the 'mouth' is the clearest component to look up by rather than the official radical. Some characters are considered 'atomic' - they can not be split into simpler parts and if these do not occur as a component of some other character they do not appear in this list, an example is '5'.

The components are listed in order of their pinyin pronunciation, this makes it easy to use, particularly when you are unsure of the number of strokes used to make the component part. Some 'components' are not recognizable from their original form and in other cases we have listed similarly looking parts together as the aim of this page is not a study of the origin of characters but to help people learning the Chinese characters.

If the component is a radical then this is indicated by an 'R' followed by the radical index number as used in our character dictionary by radical. NOTE: We are actively expanding and editing this index, please let us know of any errors you have spotted.

bā (eight) R12 : fēn (divide) gōng (public) qí (his) sì (four) liù (six) gòng (common) xīng (prosper) xué (cave) dài (to respect)
bā (to long for) : bā (supposition or suggestion) bǎ (to hold) bà (father) pá (to crawl)
bái (bright) R106 : pà (to be afraid) quán (spring) de (of) bǎi (hundred)
bāo (to cover) : sì (to run) bào (to hold) pào (bubble) bǎo (to eat till full) pào (cannon)
bāo (wrap) R20 : bāo (to cover) wù (do not) jù (sentence) gǒu (dog) sháo (spoon) hé (why)
bèi (shell) R154 : guì (precious) zhēn (chaste) pín (poor) tiē (to stick) shǎng (to hand down)
bǐ (spoon) R21 : tā (it) huā (flower) huà (to make into) néng (to be able to) sǐ (die) lǎo (venerable) cǐ (this) ne (and you?)
bīng (ice) R15 : xí (to practice)
bǔ (divination) R25 : wài (outside) zhuō (table) zhān (to observe)
bù (no; not) : hái (still)
cǎo (grass) R140 : huā (flower) chá (tea) yīng (flower) cài (vegetable) māo (cat) cǎo (grass) láo (to toil) mǎn (to fill) qián (front) yì (skill) kǔ (bitter) dǒng (to understand)
chāng (prosperous) : chàng (to sing) chàng (to initiate)
cháng (long) R168 : zhāng ('of')
chǎng (cliff) R27 : fǎn (contrary) lì (strict) yuán (former) àn (bank) lì (to experience) dùn (shield)
chē (vehicle) R159 : zài (to carry) liàng (collective word for vehicles) jiào (comparatively)
chéng (to succeed) : chéng (city walls)
齿 chǐ (tooth) : líng (age)
chì (step) R60 : dé (get) hěn (very) dé (virtue) xíng (permitted) zhēng (journey)
chóng (insect) R142 : suī (although)
chuān (river) R47 : shùn (to obey) zhōu (prefecture)
chuò (walking) R162 : yuǎn (far) jìn (to advance) yùn (to move) mí (to bewilder) mí (riddle) zhè (this) dào (road) hái (still)
cǐ (this) : xiē (some)
cùn (unit of length) R41 : dé (get) duì (right) shù (tree) shè (to shoot) fēng (to confer) shí (time)
dà (big) R37 : tiān (sky) tài (too) qìng (celebrate) fū (husband) tóu (head) mò (do not) shí (real) shī (to lose) měi (beautiful) qí (strange) yāng (center)
dāi (bad) R78 : sǐ (die)
dàn (dawn) : dàn (but) dān (to undertake) dǎn (the gall)
dāo (knife) : fēn (divide) chū (at first) suǒ (actually) jiǎn (scissors)
dāo (knife (radical)) R18 : lì (sharp) qián (front) gāng (hard) kān (to print) bié (to leave) dào (arrive)
dào (arrive) : dǎo (fall)
dì (younger brother) : dì (ordinal (1st,2nd))
dīng (nail) : xíng (permitted)
duì (to cash) : shuō (to speak) shuì (taxes)
duō (many) : gòu (to reach)
ér (legs) R10 : xiān (first) ér (child) yuán (primary) guāng (light) kè (to be able to) tù (rabbit) jiàn (see) xiōng (elder brother) zhēn (really) miǎn (to escape)
ěr (ear) R128 : qǔ (to take) wén (to hear) cōng (quick at hearing)
ěr (thus) : nǐ (you)
èr (two) R7 : yuán (primary) è (evil) yú (in) xiē (some) rén (humane)
fǎn (contrary) : fàn (food) bǎn (board) bǎn (a register)
fāng (square) R70 : zú (clan) fáng (house) 访 fǎng (to visit) fǎng (fine woven silk fabric) 仿 fǎng (to imitate) fáng (to protect) fàng (let go)
fāng (basket) R22 : fěi (bandit) pǐ (bolt of cloth)
fēi (to not be) R175 : fěi (bandit)
fēn (divide) : fèn (portion) fēn (numerous) pàn (to hope for) pén (basin) pín (poor) bàn (to act)
fù (father) R88 : bà (father)
fù ('left ear') R170 : jì (border) líng (mound) xiǎn (danger) suí (Sui) yuàn (courtyard) á (what?) zǔ (to hinder) fáng (to protect)
fù (place) R163 : dōu (all) lín (neighbor) nà (that) jiāo (suburbs)
gàn (do) R51 : hàn (perspiration) gān (liver) gān (pole) gǎn (to overtake) àn (bank) kān (to print) nián (year)
gāng (ridge) : gāng (hard) gāng (guiding principle)
gāo (tall) R189 : gǎo (to do) 稿 gǎo (manuscript)
gē (spear) R62 : wǒ (I (me)) chéng (to succeed) huò (maybe) wǔ (martial) zài (to carry) zhǎo (to try to find) jiān (narrow) zhàn (to fight) dài (to respect) wù (fifth (ordinal))
gē (elder brother) : gē (song)
gè (each) : kè (customer)
gèn (stubborn) R138 : hěn (very) gēn (heel) liáng (good) jiān (difficult)
gōng (work) R48 : zuǒ (left) hóng (red) jīng (Classic) gōng (accomplishment)
gōng (bow) R57 : fú (not) dì (younger brother) zhāng ('of')
gǒng (two hands) R55 : kāi (begin) 廿 niàn (twenty) yì (different)
gòng (common) : gōng (to provide) hóng (flood)
gǔ (ancient) : gù (happening) gū (paternal aunt) gū (estimate) gù (hard) kǔ (bitter)
gǔ (valley) R150 : róng (to hold)
guài (decisive) : kuài (piece)
guān (official) : guǎn (building)
广 guǎng (vast) R53 : zuò (seat) qìng (celebrate) diàn (inn) táng (Tang)
guī (jade tablet) : jiē (street) fēng (to confer)
gǔn (line) R2 : fū (husband) zhōng (centre) shū (book) wèi (not yet) xíng (permitted) huà (to draw) zhí (straight) jiù (old) pù (store)
hài (12th earthly branch) : hái (child) hāi (sound of sighing)
hé (grain) R115 : qiú (autumn) hé (together) xiāng (fragrant) jì (season) lì (sharp) ǎi (low) 稿 gǎo (manuscript) zū (to hire) shuì (taxes)
hé (to close) : gěi (give)
hé (why) : hē (drink)
hū (tiger) R141 : hǔ (tiger)
hù (door) R63 : suǒ (actually)
hù (door) : fáng (house)
huǒ (fire) : zāi (disaster) pào (cannon) zhà (to explode)
huǒ (fire (as radical)) R86 : zhǔ (to cook) hēi (black) diǎn (spot)
jí (lucky) : xǐ (to be fond of) jú (tangerine) jié (knot)
jǐ (how many) R16 : fèng (phoenix) chuán (boat) jī (machine)
jǐ (self) : jì (order) jì (to record) qǐ (to rise)
jì (snout) R58 : dāng (to be) fù (woman) guī (to return)
jiān (narrow) : qián (money) qiǎn (shallow)
jiàn (see) : xiàn (to appear)
jiāo (to hand over) : xiào (school) jiào (comparatively) jiǎo (dumpling) jiāo (suburbs) xiào (effect) jiāo (to glue) yǎo (to bite)
jié (seal (of document)) R26 : bào (to announce)
jīn (modern) : niàn (to read)
jīn (axe) R69 : xīn (new) tīng (to listen)
jīn (scarf) R50 : cháng (always) shì (market) mào (hat)
jīn (metal) R167 : qián (money) zhōng (clock) zuān (to drill) pù (store)
jīng (capital) : jīng (to start) jǐng (bright) jiù (at once)
jǐng (well) : jìn (to advance)
jiōng (covering box) R13 : lì (beautiful) shàng (still) gāng (ridge) jiàn (see)
jù (sentence) : gòu (to reach)
jué ('vertical hook') R6 : shì (matter)
jūn (monarch) : qún (group)
kǎn (open box) R17 : chū (go out) huà (to draw)
kě (can) : hé (what) á (what?) qí (strange) gē (elder brother)
kǒu (mouth) R30 : yòu (right) hé (together) wèn (ask) jiào (called) yǔ (language) shǐ (history) zhī (one) chī (to eat) fú (good fortune) fù (rich) gǔ (ancient) hēng (prosperous) huò (maybe) jiù (fault) jūn (monarch) kě (can) mìng (life) rú (as) shàng (still) shì (matter) suī (although) tái (typhoon) xǐ (to be fond of) zhī (to know) zhōu (surname Zhou) zú (foot) hào (name) gōng (palace) jù (sentence) mǎ (?) yuē (to speak) gǒu (dog) hé (to close) jí (lucky) lìng (other) bā (supposition or suggestion) xiōng (elder brother) hāi (sound of sighing) míng (name) gào (to tell) zhān (to observe) hòu (behind) táng (Tang) gè (each) chàng (to sing) tīng (to listen) hē (drink) yǎo (to bite) ne (and you?) chuán (boat) huí (to circle)
lǎo (old) R125 : shǔ (heat) zhě (in process of) lǎo (venerable) xiào (filial piety or obedience)
lǐ (inside) R166 : tóng (boy servant) lǐ (texture)
lì (strength) R19 : nán (male) dòng (to use) gōng (accomplishment) láo (to toil) lìng (other) lì (to experience) wèi (do)
lì (stand) R117 : tóng (boy servant) wèi (position) qīn (parent) zhàn (station) yīn (sound)
liáng (good) : shí (eat)
liǎng (pair) : mǎn (to fill) bǐng (both) liàng (collective word for vehicles)
lìng (other) : bié (to leave)
lìng (to order) : lín (neighbor) líng (zero) lǐng (neck) líng (age) lián (to pity)
mǎ (horse) R187 : mā (mother) mǎ (?) zhù (to halt)
máo (hair) R82 : bǐ (pen)
mào (to emit) : mào (hat)
mén (entrance) R169 : mén (s) wèn (ask) rùn (leap) wén (to hear) xián (to stay idle) jiàn (gap)
mǐ (rice) R119 : jīng (refined) mí (to bewilder) mí (riddle) zhān (to glue) táng (sugar) lóu (multi-story building)
mì (cover) R14 : xiě (write) láo (to toil) ài (love) miǎn (to escape)
mián (roof) R40 : ān (peace) tā (it) bǎo (jewel) fù (rich) hán (cold) shí (real) zāi (disaster) zì (letter) gōng (palace) song (Song) yuàn (courtyard) yí (proper) kè (customer) xué (cave) róng (to hold) jiā (house) guān (official) dìng (to set)
miǎn (to escape) : wǎn (evening)
mǐn (dish) R108 : pén (basin)
mù (wood) R75 : chá (tea) lái (arrive) qí (board game) běn (root) cǎi (color) shù (tree) wèi (not yet) xiāng (each other) song (Song) zhuō (table) yǐ (chair) gān (pole) jú (tangerine) xián (to stay idle) qīn (parent) lǐ (plum) zhī (branch) zhí (to plant) bǎn (board) lóu (multi-story building) xiào (school) jī (machine)
mù (eye) R109 : kàn (look) dé (virtue) xiāng (each other) pàn (to hope for) jīng (eye) dùn (shield) zhí (straight) mào (to emit)
nǎi (to be) : nǎi (milk)
nǐ (you) : nín (you (polite))
niǎo (bird) R196 : dǎo (island) jī (fowl) wū (crow)
nǚ (female) R38 : hǎo (good) ān (peace) nǚ (woman) tā (she) jiě (elder sister) fù (woman) mèi (younger sister) rú (as) shǐ (to begin) mā (mother) nǎi (milk) ǎi (low) yào (want) gū (paternal aunt) xìng (surname) lóu (multi-story building)
piàn (thin piece) R91 : bǎn (a register)
丿 piě ('slash') R4 : shǎo (less) hū (at) nǎi (to be) shī (to lose) wù (do not) yì (justice) lè (music) zhī (him) zú (clan) jiǔ (long time) me (what) dì (younger brother) wù (fifth (ordinal))
qí (strange) : yǐ (chair)
qì (gas) R84 : qì (steam)
qián (front) : jiǎn (scissors) jiàn (arrow)
qiàn (yawn) R76 : yǐn (to drink) huān (merry) gē (song)
qiě (and) : jiě (elder sister) zǔ (grandfather) zū (to hire) zǔ (to form) zǔ (to hinder) yí (proper)
qīng (green) R174 : qíng (affection) jīng (refined) qǐng (please) qīng (clear) qíng (clear sky) jīng (eye)
qǔ (to take) : zuì (most)
qù (go) : fǎ (law)
quán (spring) : yuán (former)
quǎn (dog) R94 : shī (lion) māo (cat) gǒu (dog) zhū (hog)
rén (person) R9 : zuò (seat) chá (tea) jīn (modern) zuò (sit) cóng (from) yǐ (to use) zhòng (many) jiǔ (long time) lìng (to order) shí (eat) shè (residence) huì (can) hé (why)
rén (Person (radical)) R9 : tā (he) huā (flower) mén (s) hé (what) huà (to make into) wèi (position) yè (night) zhuàn (biography) zuò (to do) dài (replace) 亿 yì (100,000,000) nǐ (you) zhù (to live) fèn (portion) shén (what) gū (estimate) gōng (to provide) zhí (value) bǐng (both) rén (humane) chàng (to initiate) 仿 fǎng (to imitate) dǎo (fall) dàn (but) hòu (wait)
rì (sun) R72 : míng (bright) shì (is) xiāng (fragrant) chūn (spring) chāng (prosperous) mò (do not) shǔ (heat) zhě (in process of) zhuō (table) qíng (clear sky) jiàn (gap) bái (bright) jǐng (bright) céng (once) yīn (sound) jiù (old) zuì (most) yì (easy) zuó (previous) dàn (dawn) zǎo (early) wǎn (evening) shí (time)
rù (to enter) R11 : quán (all)
shān (mountain) R46 : dǎo (island) suì (year) àn (bank)
shān (bristle) R59 : cǎi (color)
shàng (still) : tǎng (to recline) tàng (collective for trips) zhǎng (palm of the hand) shǎng (to hand down)
sháo (spoon) : de (of)
shé (tongue) R135 : huà (speech) shè (residence)
shè (to shoot) : xiè (thanks)
shēn (body) R158 : shè (to shoot) tǎng (to recline)
shēng (produce) : xìng (surname)
shī (corpse) R44 : wū (house) ne (and you?)
shí (ten) R24 : bàn (half) dé (virtue) gǔ (ancient) zài (to carry) mài (sell) shén (what) zhī (to support) dùn (shield) zhí (straight) zǎo (early)
shí (food) R184 : yǐn (to drink) bǎo (to eat till full) fàn (food) jiǎo (dumpling) guǎn (building)
shǐ (arrow) R111 : zhī (to know) zú (clan) ǎi (low) hòu (wait)
shǐ (pig) R152 : jiā (house)
shì (spirit) R113 : fú (good fortune) lǐ (ceremony) zǔ (grandfather)
shì (bachelor) : jí (lucky)
shì (clan name) R83 : zhǐ (paper)
shì (to show) R113 : jì (border)
shǒu (hand) : kàn (look) zuǒ (left) yòu (right) zhǎng (palm of the hand)
shǒu (hand) R64 : wǒ (I (me)) zhǎo (to try to find) gǎo (to do) bào (to announce) bàn (to act) bào (to hold) bǎ (to hold) jì (skill) dān (to undertake)
shǒu (head) : dào (road)
shū (spear) R79 : méi (have not)
shuǐ (water) R85 : yǒng (perpetual) quán (spring)
shuǐ (water) R85 : jiǔ (wine) hǎi (sea) fǎ (law) mǎn (to fill) zé (pool) zhì (to rule) qiǎn (shallow) hàn (perspiration) méi (have not) qīng (clear) pào (bubble) hóng (flood) gǎng (harbor) qì (steam)
sī (private) R28 : qù (go) gōng (public) néng (to be able to) tái (typhoon) zhì (to arrive) me (what)
sī (silk) R120 : hóng (red) gěi (give) zhǐ (paper) jīng (Classic) wéi (to preserve) lèi (tired) gāng (guiding principle) fēn (numerous) zǔ (to form) xù (beginnings) jié (knot) jì (order) fǎng (fine woven silk fabric)
sì (snake) R49 : bāo (to cover) yì (different)
suī (rap) R66 : gù (happening) jiào (religion) jiāo (to teach) fàng (let go) xiào (effect)
tái (typhoon) : shǐ (to begin) zhì (to rule)
táng (Tang) : táng (sugar)
tiān (sky) : xiào (smile) ǎo (jacket)
tián (field) R102 : nán (male) léi (thunder) māo (cat) lǐ (inside) mǔ (area) fú (good fortune) fù (rich) jiǎ (first in list) shēn (to extend) lèi (tired) huà (to draw) sī (to think) dài (to respect)
tóu (head) : mài (sell) mǎi (buy)
tóu (head) R8 : mǔ (area) jīng (capital) hēng (prosperous) shì (market) yè (night) yì (also) wáng (to die)
tǔ (earth) R32 : zuò (seat) qù (go) lǐ (inside) zuò (sit) chéng (city walls) dì (earth) shèng (holy) zhì (to arrive) hēi (black) kuài (piece) zài (exist) guī (jade tablet)
wǎ (tile) R98 : cí (porcelain)
wàn (ten thousand) : lì (strict)
wāng (lame) R43 : yóu (outstanding)
wáng (to die) : máng (busy)
wǎng (monarch) : yù (jade)
wǎng (net) R122 : shǔ (office) zhì (to install)
wéi (proud) R31 : guó (country) yuán (park) gù (hard) huí (to circle)
wèi (not yet) : mèi (younger sister)
wén (script) R67 : zhè (this)
wú (not to have) R71 : jì (already)
wǔ (five) : yǔ (language)
wù (do not) : yì (easy)
西 xī (west) R146 : yào (want)
xī (sunset) R36 : wài (outside) yè (night) suì (year) míng (name) duō (many)
xǐ (box; bag) R23 : yī (doctor) sì (four)
xiāng (each other) : xiǎng (to think)
xiǎo (small) R42 : shǎo (less) dāng (to be) shàng (still) sūn (grandson)
xiào (filial piety or obedience) : jiāo (to teach)
xīn (heart) R61 : dé (virtue) è (evil) nín (you (polite)) xiǎng (to think) yuàn (to hope) yì (idea) sī (to think) cōng (quick at hearing) niàn (to read) dìng (how)
xīn (heart) R61 : qíng (affection) jīng (to start) pà (to be afraid) yì (to recollect) máng (busy) dǒng (to understand) lián (to pity)
xíng (permitted) R144 : jiē (street)
xiōng (elder brother) : duì (to cash)
xué (cave) R116 : xué (narrow)
yán (words) R149 : huà (speech) yǔ (language) dàn (birth) shuō (to speak) shéi (who) mí (riddle) xiè (thanks) qǐng (please) jì (to record) sù (to complain) 访 fǎng (to visit)
yāng (center) : yīng (flower)
yáng (sheep) R123 : qún (group) xiān (fresh) měi (beautiful)
yě (also) : tā (he) tā (she) dì (earth)
yè (page) R181 : shùn (to obey) lǐng (neck)
yī (one) R1 : bǐng (third in order) chǒu (shameful) dé (virtue) huò (maybe) lì (beautiful) qiě (and) shì (life) yǔ (to give) zhèng (correct) bù (no; not) dàn (dawn) bǎi (hundred)
yī (clothes) R145 : fú (blessing) chū (at first) ǎo (jacket)
yǐ (hidden) R5 : kǒng (great) chī (to eat) xí (to practice) yǐ (to use) 亿 yì (100,000,000) lǐ (ceremony) mài (sell) yì (skill) yì (to recollect) yě (also) mǎi (buy) jiǔ (nine) lìng (to order) hé (why)
yì (catch) R56 : dài (replace)
yīn (sound) R180 : yì (idea)
yǐn ('long stride') R54 : jiàn (to establish)
yòng (to use) R101 : pù (store)
yóu (outstanding) : jiù (at once)
yǒu (friend) : ài (love)
yǒu (wine vessel) R164 : jiǔ (wine)
yòu (also) R29 : duì (right) fā (to send out) fà (hair) fǎn (contrary) jí (and) jī (fowl) nán (difficult) qǔ (to take) shèng (holy) shù (tree) bào (to announce) huān (merry) yǒu (friend) zhī (to support) shòu (to receive) jiān (difficult)
yú (fish) R195 : xiān (fresh)
yǔ (rain) R173 : xuě (snow) léi (thunder) líng (zero)
yǔ (to give) : xiě (write)
yù (jade) : guó (country) bǎo (jewel)
yù (jade) R96 : quán (all) zhǔ (owner) rùn (leap) zhù (to live) wán (toy) lǐ (texture) xiàn (to appear)
yuán (primary) : yuǎn (far) yuàn (courtyard) yuán (park) wán (toy)
yuán (former) : yuàn (to hope)
yuē (to speak) R73 : gèng (more) hé (why)
yuè (moon) R74 : míng (bright) yǒu (have) néng (to be able to) qián (front) suí (Sui) gān (liver) qīng (green) péng (friend) jiāo (to glue) dǎn (the gall)
yún (cloud) : dòng (to use) yùn (to move) huì (can)
zhà (at first) : zuò (to do) zhà (to explode) xué (narrow) dìng (how) zuó (previous)
zhān (to observe) : zhàn (station) zhān (to glue) zhàn (to fight) diàn (inn) zuān (to drill) tiē (to stick) diǎn (spot)
zhě (in process of) : dōu (all) zhū (hog) zhǔ (to cook) xù (beginnings) shǔ (office)
zhèng (correct) : zhēng (journey)
zhī (to support) : zhī (branch) jì (skill)
zhí (straight) : zhēn (really) zhí (value) zhí (to plant) zhì (to install)
zhǐ (to stop) R77 : bù (a step) wǔ (martial) zhèng (correct) zú (foot) cǐ (this) 齿 chǐ (tooth) dìng (to set)
zhǐ (walk slowly) R34 : gè (each)
zhì (to arrive) R133 : zhì (to send) wū (house) dào (arrive)
zhōng (centre) : zhōng (clock)
zhòng (heavy) : dǒng (to understand)
zhōu (boat) R137 : chuán (boat)
zhú (bamboo) R118 : bǐ (pen) suàn (calculate) xiào (smile) jiàn (arrow) dì (ordinal (1st,2nd))
zhǔ (dot) R3 : tài (too) yù (jade) lì (beautiful) wū (crow) yì (justice) zhōu (prefecture) zhǔ (owner) zhù (to live) dì (younger brother) bái (bright) sháo (spoon) duì (to cash) lìng (to order) yóu (outstanding) liáng (good) pù (store) wèi (do)
zhǔ (owner) : zhù (to halt)
zhuǎ (claw) R87 : ài (love) shòu (to receive)
zhuǎ (claw) : pá (to crawl)
zhuī (short-tailed bird) R172 : nán (difficult) wéi (to preserve) shéi (who)
zǐ (child) R39 : hǎo (good) xué (study) kǒng (great) hēng (prosperous) jì (season) sūn (grandson) zì (letter) lǐ (plum) hái (child) xiào (filial piety or obedience)
zì (from) R132 : shǒu (head)
zǒu (walk) R156 : gǎn (to overtake) tàng (collective for trips) qǐ (to rise)
zú (foot) R157 : lù (road) gēn (heel) sì (to run)
zuǒ (left) : suí (Sui)
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Citation information: Chinasage, 'Chinese Character component dictionary', last updated 8 Dec 2016, Web, http://www.chinasage.info/chars/charpartindex.htm.

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