Chinese characters by radical
Here we list some commonly used Chinese characters. Most of the entries for these characters give an audio link so you can hear how it should be pronounced (in the Beijing dialect), the entries also list common usage, proverbs and names as well as the constituent parts that make up the character. For some of the ancient ‘pictogram’ characters we describe the likely origin of the character or radical. To help with pronunciation we list common characters with the same tone (homophones) and the ones with different tones.
The traditional way to find the meaning of a character in a Chinese-English dictionary is to look it up by order of pinyin sound - as in our character index. If you only have the written character and do not know how it is pronounced you have to use another method. First you analyze the character and work out its component parts. One of these parts - usually the left part is the radical. You then need to know how many strokes are used to write the radical part. Having looked up the radical in the index by stroke count you look through to find the character. If this does not work it could be that the radical is not to the left but may be at the top or more rarely bottom or right. Another problem may be working out the number of strokes, for example it may come as a surprise that a box 口 is made of three strokes, a newcomer may have suspected four or one but three seems arbitrary until you start studying Chinese calligraphy - then it becomes clear that the strokes are related to ease and structure of writing the character.
Here is a list of common radicals used to index Chinese characters. We have not currently included all 214, only some of the most common ones. A radical is a component part of a character and is usually to the top or left of the 'main' character. The radical can indicate either meaning or pronunciation. Dictionaries use their own scheme for radicals, we are the following the one used in Wiktionary ➚, these include some radicals only used in traditional characters but it is convenient to use an index that covers both simplified and traditional forms. Click on a link for more information about the radical. If you know the radical then common characters that use that radical are listed in the description for the character.
One stroke1 一 One; 2 丨 Line; 3 丶 Dot; 4 丿 'slash'; 5 乚 Hidden; 6 亅 'vertical hook';
Two strokes7 二 Two; 8 亠 Head; 9 人 Person; 9 亻 Person (radical); 10 儿 Legs; 11 入 To enter; 12 八 Eight; 13 冂 Covering box; 14 冖 Cover; 15 冫 Ice; 16 几 How many; 17 凵 Open box; 18 刂 Knife (radical); 19 力 Strength; 20 勹 Wrap; 21 匕 Spoon; 22 匚 Basket; 23 匸 Box; bag; 24 十 Ten; 25 卜 Divination; 26 㔾 Seal (of document); 27 厂 Cliff; 28 厶 Private; 29 又 Also; 149 讠 Words; 163 ⻏ Place; 170 阝 'left ear';
Three strokes30 口 Mouth; 31 囗 Proud; 32 土 Earth; 34 夂 Walk slowly; 36 夕 Sunset; 37 大 Big; 38 女 Female; 39 子 Child; 40 宀 Roof; 41 寸 Unit of length; 42 小 Small; 44 尸 Corpse; 46 山 Mountain; 47 川 River; 48 工 Work; 49 巳 Snake; 50 巾 Scarf; 51 干 Do; 53 广 Vast; 54 廴 'long stride'; 55 廾 Two hands; 56 弋 Catch; 57 弓 Bow; 58 彐 Snout; 59 彡 Bristle; 60 彳 Step; 61 忄 Heart; 85 氵 Water; 94 犭 Dog; 120 纟 Silk; 140 艹 Grass; 162 辶 Walking; 169 门 Entrance; 184 饣 Food; 187 马 Horse;
Four strokes61 心 Heart; 62 戈 Spear; 63 戶 Door; 66 攵 Rap; 67 文 Script; 68 斗 Unit of weight; 69 斤 Axe; 70 方 Square; 71 无 Not to have; 72 日 Sun; 73 曰 To speak; 74 月 Moon; 75 木 Wood; 76 欠 Yawn; 77 止 To stop; 78 歹 Bad; 79 殳 Spear; 82 毛 Hair; 83 氏 Clan name; 84 气 Gas; 85 水 Water; 86 灬 Fire (as radical); 86 火 Fire; 87 爫 Claw; 88 父 Father; 91 片 Thin piece; 93 牛 Ox; 96 王 Jade; 113 礻 Spirit; 125 耂 Old; 130 ⺼ Meat; 154 贝 Shell; 159 车 Vehicle; 168 长 Long;
Five strokes98 瓦 Tile; 99 甘 Pleasant; 100 生 Produce; 101 用 To use; 102 田 Field; 104 疒 Sick; 106 白 Bright; 107 皮 Leather; 108 皿 Dish; 109 目 Eye; 110 矛 Spear; 111 矢 Arrow; 112 石 Rock; 113 示 To show; 115 禾 Grain; 116 穴 Cave; 117 立 Stand; 122 罒 Net; 145 衤 Clothes; 167 钅 Metal; 196 鸟 Bird;
Six strokes118 ⺮ Bamboo; 119 米 Rice; 123 羊 Sheep; 126 而 As well as; 128 耳 Ear; 132 自 From; 133 至 To arrive; 135 舌 Tongue; 137 舟 Boat; 138 艮 Stubborn; 141 虍 Tiger; 142 虫 Insect; 144 行 Permitted; 146 西 West; 181 页 Page;
Seven strokes150 谷 Valley; 152 豕 Pig; 155 赤 Red; 156 走 Walk; 157 足 Foot; 158 身 Body; 160 辛 Hard; 164 酉 Wine vessel; 166 里 Inside;
Eight strokes172 隹 Short-tailed bird; 173 雨 Rain; 174 青 Green; 175 非 To not be; 195 鱼 Fish;
Nine strokes138 食 Eat; 177 革 Animal hide; 180 音 Sound; 194 鬼 Ghost;
Ten strokes189 高 Tall;
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