Festivals in China

bats wishing good fortune and long life

There are many, joyous Chinese Festivals that are still marked each year. A number of the festivals follow the old Chinese calendar rather than the Western (Gregorian) calendar of 365 days. The old calendar was based on the moon so just as with the Christian Easter, some festivals fall on a different days of the year. Because the lunar and solar calendars drift apart two different calendar systems have been used in China for thousands of years. The jié qì solar calendar has always been used for farming as the date of sowing, reaping needs to be synchronized to the sun not the moon. For more about the Chinese calendar please visit our Chinese Calendar section. In recent years some festivals are moved to a Monday or Friday to give a three day weekend. The mixture of moveable and fixed, modern and ancient create a complex calendar of public holidays.

Festivals reflect the mixed religious traditions in China. Some of the festivals honor more than one religion, others mark the passage of the seasons.

All these dates are for 2016 or 2017. If the date varies from year to year the year is always given in full, see our month at a glance Calender section for all festivals 2010-2020 with information about events and anniversaries.

The following dates are for next year: 2017

January 2017
MTWTFSS
11st
元旦
Public holiday
New Years day
23455th
小寒
Jieqi fortnight 腊八节
Làbā jié Laba Festival
678
9101112131415
161718192020th
大寒
Jieqi fortnight
Severe cold
2122
232425262727th
Public holiday
2828th
春节
Public holiday
Chūnjíe Chinese New Year - Spring Festival
2929th
Public holiday
3030th
Public holiday
3131st
Public holiday

January 1st - New Year

When China adopted the Western, Gregorian calendar on the founding of the Republic of China in 1911, the 'Western' beginning of the year January 1st began to be marked as a festival just as elsewhere in the world. Since 2008 it has become a public holiday lasting 3 days. Sometimes the holiday is 'shifted' to give an extended weekend.

January 5th 2017 - Laba Festival

Laba congee is traditionally eaten on this minor festival. It is held on the 8th day of the twelfth lunar month and is associated with the Buddhist festival marking the Buddha's enlightenment. The festival is observed mostly in northern China and not much in the south. It is not a public holiday.

Dates : Sun Jan 17 2016    Thu Jan 5 2017    Wed Jan 24 2018   

January 28th 2017 - Chinese New Year: Spring Festival ( chūn jié) or New Year ( xīn nián)

audio lecture
China History Podcast relating to this topic by Lazlo Montgomery (audio only).
Lazlo podcast
Chinese New Year

New Year is the main annual festival in China determined by the old Chinese calendar. It falls on the second new moon after the winter solstice, so it is held towards the end of January or early February. For at least 2,000 years it has been a time for families to get together, often traveling long distances across China (bàinián a New Year visit). Brightly colored papers and paper cut designs are displayed everywhere often carrying the character ‘fu’ for good fortune. Traditionally a week before the festival, the home is cleaned and dusted, the image of the kitchen god is honored so he gives a good report of the house and its occupants to heaven. One legend has it that a kitchen god was so disgusted with a family's antics that he petitioned the Jade Emperor to annihilate mankind, but a delay gave people a few days to tidy things up so everything looked better on a final inspection and disaster averted. The family's ancestral temple and tombs are visited. The traditional lion dance is often seen in public festivities. The festival lasts a whole week of public holiday (Feb 8th to Feb 14th in 2016) and during this time everyone tries to be on their best behavior to set the tone for the whole year.

Spring Festival, Shenzhen, market, people, lantern
Buying supplies for the Chinese New Year Festival, Shenzhen Copyright © Dreamstime see image license

The ancient legend is that each year a ferocious monster called Nian attacked a village. The creature was enticed to eat food laid out for it rather than the villager's crops. Then the people found it was frightened by a child dressed in red; from then on red lanterns, red signs and all things red were put out to frighten the monster away. At the stroke of midnight firecrackers are set off, drums and gongs are bashed to scare the Nian off (as well as deafen everybody!). Nowadays there are large firework displays in the cities. The formal part of the festival in Imperial China took place at the Temple of Heaven, Beijing where the Emperor performed solemn rituals to seek heaven's blessing for the new year.

Each New Year has an associated astrological animal; for more on pigs; rats; dogs; dragons; tigers; goats; roosters; snakes; horses; oxen; rabbits and monkeys please see our Astrology section. Peach blossom is traditionally used for decorating the home to bring long life and keep demons at bay. The ancestors are given due reverence at the festival. When guests arrive they should bring along food or a gift; these can take the form of packets of 'lucky paper money' in red envelopes (Hongbao ). Fish and Jiaozi (dumplings) are often eaten, the character for fish yu sounds the same as the character yu meaning 'surplus; abundance' so fish have a lucky connotation. The entrance to a house is given two inscriptions on red paper on either side of the entrance, this goes back to very ancient days when sheep's blood was used to smear the doorway. There are certain activities that are banned due to superstitions that could jinx the coming year, pears should not be cut (they symbolize divorce); signatures should not be written in red ink; people should not be wished happy new year if they are still in bed; umbrellas and fans are unlucky presents; shoes should not be given to a boy/girlfriend as they symbolize departure; the number four ( ) should be avoided as it is an unlucky number and the house should not be swept during the holiday as that will sweep away good luck.

To mark the end of the financial year debts are paid off so the year can be started with a clean sheet. Employers often give an extra payment so everyone can pay any debts owed. Traditional fairs are held outside temples selling all sorts of small gifts and decorations during the holiday.

Dates : Mon Feb 8 2016    Sat Jan 28 2017    Fri Feb 16 2018   


February 2017
MTWTFSS
11st
Public holiday
22nd
Public holiday
33rd
立春
Jieqi fortnight
Spring begins
45
6789101111th
元宵节
Yuánxiāojié Lantern Festival
12
13141516171818th
雨水
Jieqi fortnight
Spring showers
19
2021222324252626th
ལོ་གསར
Tibetan New Year Festival
2727th
龙抬头
lóngtáitóu Blue Dragon Festival
28

February 11th 2017 - Lantern Festival (Yuanxiao )

The Lantern festival is on the first full moon after the New Year and marks the end of the Spring festival. Lanterns are lit and in places very long paper dragons parade the streets. The lanterns lit the way for the ancestral spirits to go home to their tombs after joining the family for the festivities. Great creativity was used in lantern design, including moving parts; some towns had riddles painted on them to entertain the people. Tangyuan (glutinous rice balls) are eaten and fir branches placed above doors. The traditional lion dance was originally tied to just this festival but now are seen more generally throughout the year. In the countryside diseases were removed by making a procession out of the village, taking the illness with it. Children, often in scary masks, used to put on little stage shows and pantomimes.

lantern festival, festival , people, children
Celebrating Lantern Festival, Liuzhou, Guangxi Copyright © Dreamstime see image license

Dates : Mon Feb 22 2016    Sat Feb 11 2017    Fri Mar 2 2018   

February 26th 2017 - Tibetan New Year

In Tibet the start of the year (Losar) is on the first day of the second lunar month as reckoned by the Chinese lunar calendar. 'Sacred pills' of barley are eaten to wish the Dalai Lama a prosperous new year. It is also celebrated in India and Nepal.

February 27th 2017 - Blue Dragon Festival (Zhonghe or Longtaitou )

The double second (2nd day of 2nd lunar month) marks the first tentative signs of Spring. The name 'Blue Dragon' reflects the tradition of waking the dragons that control the rains, Longtaitou literally means 'dragon raise head'. It usually occurs around the time of Jīngzhí in the lichuan calendar which marks the stirring of insects; originally fumigation was carried out to kill off the emerging insects. The festival is now celebrated by cleaning the house, having a haircut, eating popcorn, pancakes and noodles. Zhonghe Festival () is another ancient festival traditionally held on the day before (1st of the 2nd lunar month) so nowadays the two are celebrated together. It is not a public holiday.

Dates : Thu Mar 10 2016    Mon Feb 27 2017    Sun Mar 18 2018   


March 2017
MTWTFSS
123455th
惊蛰
Jieqi fortnight
Insects waken
6788th
国际妇女节
Womens day
99th
花朝节
huā zhāo jié Flower Festival
10111212th
植树节
Arbor or Tree planting day
1314151616th
观音诞
guàn yīn dàn Birthday of Guanyin
171819
2020th
春分
Jieqi fortnight
Vernal Equinox
212223242526
2728293030th
上巳节
Shàngsìjié Shangsi Festival
31

March 8th - International Women's Day

On the foundation of the Peoples Republic in 1949 the 8th March has been designated Women's Day with a half or full day's holiday for women in China.

For a Chinese calendar showing these festivals, anniversaries and lots more besides, look at our Calendar section.

children, dragon, children
Youngsters sitting at wooden tables in New Square painting plaster dragon piggy banks during the Chinese New Year, Pengzhou, Sichuan Copyright © Dreamstime see image license

March 9th 2017 - Flower Festival

The traditional Flower Festival is held on the twelfth day of the second lunar month. The great Tang Empress Wu Zetian is associated with this minor festival when the birthday of the Flower God is celebrated. It roughly marks the time of the emergence of the first flowers of Spring. It is also a good day to plant up the garden ready for summer.

March 12th - Arbor or Tree Planting Day

To make up for widespread deforestation and keep China well stocked with trees, on 12th March people go out and plant trees. It is not a holiday and was instituted as late as 1981.

Anhui, Huangshan, mountains, pine tree
Pine tree on Huangshan Mountains in Anhui Province

March 16th 2017 - Birthday of the Goddess of Mercy

Hainan, Guanyin, Sanya, deity
Statue of Guanyin (Guanshiyin or Avalokitesvara), Goddess of Mercy, Sanya, Hainan

The most revered of Buddhist bodhisattvas is Guanyin , the Goddess of Mercy who intercedes on behalf of any who pray to her. Her birthday is traditionally marked by a minor festival on the 19th of the second lunar month. One of the holiest place sacred to her is on Putuo Island, Zhejiang where she has a tall statue on the ocean edge.

March 30th 2017 - Shangsi or Double Third Festival

Celebrated on the 3rd day of the 3rd Lunar month, Shangsi was traditionally a day for cleaning the house and going away on an outing. It is not an official holiday in China. The festival marks the birthday of the Queen Mother of the West (Xi Wangmu), a leading Daoist deity and is also known as the Banquet of Peaches of Immortality. The day is associated with many folk beliefs to do with the opening of portals between the living and the dead. The founding Yellow Emperor is also believed to have had his birthday on this day. Sticky rice cakes called baba 粑粑 are sometimes eaten.

Dates : Sat Apr 9 2016    Thu Mar 30 2017    Wed Apr 18 2018   


April 2017
MTWTFSS
12
344th
清明
Jieqi fortnight
Bright and Clear Festival
55th
Public holiday
6789
101111th
赵公明
Zhào gōngmíng Birthday of the God of Wealth
1213141516
1718192020th
谷雨
Jieqi fortnight
Corn Rain
212223
24252627282930

April 3rd - Cold Food Day

Cold Food day commemorates the story of Jie Zitui a loyal and humble servant at the time of the Spring and Autumn Period. The servant is supposed to have cut off part of his own thigh to offer sustenance to his starving master. Jie Zitui shunned rewards and fled to a mountain with his mother, he was pursued by the angry prince and was only put off burning down Jie's house by a pleading poem written in blood. To mark the event no fires are lit and all food is served cold. It is a minor festival held on the eve of Qing Ming . As the events took place in Shanxi province it is mainly there that the festival is celebrated.

Qingming, tomb, ancestor veneration
Making offerings at the family tomb, Qingming festival Copyright © Dreamstime see image license

April 4th - Clear and Bright Festival ( qīng míng jié)

Traditionally the family tomb is cleaned and swept on Qing Ming day with fresh offerings laid out for the ancestors. This festival is anchored to the solar year rather than lunar year and so always falls between April 4th to 6th. It marks the start of Spring and is associated with kite flying. It has similarities to the Christian Easter Spring festival in that eggs are prepared and eaten. In some areas boys used to wear willow wreathes on their heads to summon rain for the growing season.

Dates : Mon Apr 4 2016    Tue Apr 4 2017    Thu Apr 5 2018   

April 11th 2017 - Birthday of the God of Wealth

God of Money, poster
Chinese Lunar New Year money god poster in Hong Kong. Image by Mk2010 available under a Creative Commons license

If you want to become more prosperous then the appropriate offerings to the God of Wealth (Zhao Gongming) or God of Money (Cai Shen) on his birthday could do the trick. This birthday is marked on the 15th day of the third lunar month of the traditional calendar. He is often depicted with an iron club and riding a black tiger. There are various conflicting legends concerning his life which dates back before the Qin dynasty. It is a minor festival and not a public holiday.

April 13th - Water Splashing Festival

The Dai people of Yunnan people have great fun getting very wet on April 13th each year. There are very many festivals specific to particular minority people, this is one of the best known through widely seen documentaries.


May 2017
MTWTFSS
11st
劳动节
Public holiday
Labor day
2344th
青年节
Youth Day
55th
立夏
Jieqi fortnight
Summer begins
67
891011121314
1516171819202121st
小满
Jieqi fortnight
Corn Forms
22232425262728
293030th
端午节
Public holiday
Duānwǔjié Dragon Boat Festival
31

May 1st - Labor (May) Day (Laodongjie )

A modern international holiday to mark the toil of workers takes place on 1st May. It is a one day holiday reflecting the socialist/communist history of the PRC. The new festivals like Labor Day introduced since the PRC was founded have gradually given way to the traditional ones, three whole days used to be allocated but this has been reduced to one day since 2008.

May 4th - Youth Day

Commemorates the activity of young people on May 4th 1919 that helped create the Republic of China. It also marks the foundation of the influential May 4th movement. It is not a public holiday.

May 30th 2017 - Dragon Boat Festival (Duanwu )

Dragon boat festival, Foshan, Guangdong, people
A dragon boat race at Foshan, Guangdong. 2011 Copyright © Dreamstime see image license

The highpoint of the sun's journey at the Summer Solstice in the year marks the start of the warmest part of the year, but also the reduction in length of day. This has become the Dragon Boat Festival on the fifth day of the fifth month which usually falls near the solstice. As well as procuring rain from the water controlling dragons for the summer crops, it commemorates the life of Qu Yuan (340-278 BCE), an incorruptible public official who drowned himself in defiance of widespread corruption. Many boats went in search for his body and from this legend dragon boat races take place throughout the world. Triangular rice cake zòng zi and garlic suàn are particular associated with this festival. It is only recently (2008) that this has become an official public holiday again. Hong Kong is well known for the number of races that take place each year. The fifth month is generally regarded as the most unlucky month and charms were used to keep the bad influence at bay.

Dates : Thu Jun 9 2016    Tue May 30 2017    Mon Jun 18 2018   


June 2017
MTWTFSS
11st
六一儿童节
Childrens day
234
55th
芒种
Jieqi fortnight
Corn in Ear
677th
雨节
yǔjié Rain Festival
891011
12131415161718
19202121st
夏至
Jieqi fortnight
Summer Solstice
22232424th
半年节
bàn nián jié Half Year Festival
25
2627282929th
晒衣节
shài yī jié Clothes Drying Day
30

June 1st - Children's Day

A recent holiday specifically for children under 14 was created under the PRC to be held each year on 1st June. Admission to cinemas is free and presents are given.

June 7th 2017 - Rain Festival

Rain is essential for crops and another minor festival the Rain Festival, like the Dragon Boat festival, is associated with rain on the 13th of the fifth month. Ceremonies used to seek an adequate provision of water, not too little and not too much. Like St. Swithin's day , the absence of rain on this day may presage a drought. There are many gods of rain and legends about them. As rain is associated with dragons they feature prominently in such tales including the Jinlong Si Dawang (Golden Dragon King). It is not a public holiday.

June 24th 2016 - Half Year Festival

Half way through the lunar calendar year is on the 1st day of the 6th month, and is a time to reflect on the year so far. Mainly celebrated in southern China, the Half Year Festival is in places treated as an echo of the New Year Festival, with fire crackers, zong zi (glutinous rice) and family get-togethers. According to legend in Jiashanwu Village near Hangzhou a long drought was ended by the efforts of a mysterious old man. It is a minor festival and not a public holiday.

June 29th 2016 - Clothes Drying Day

As the sun’s heat reaches its full power this minor festival is set aside to lay out anything that needs drying in the sun. Clothes; bedding; papers; grain are some of the things that can benefit from a thorough airing and drying in the sun. Clothes Drying Day takes place on the sixth day of sixth month. The legend is that the Dragon King, ruler of water, spent this day drying its scales. Another tale is that it was when the Buddhist scriptures that were being carried into China in the 'Journey to the West' were laid out to dry on this day. Temples used to bring out the Classic scriptures for a good airing. It is a minor festival and not a public holiday.


July 2017
MTWTFSS
12
345677th
小暑
Jieqi fortnight
Moderate heat
89
10111213141516
17181920212222nd
大暑
Jieqi fortnight
Great heat
23
24252627282930
31

August 2017
MTWTFSS
11st
建军节
Army day
23456
77th
立秋
Jieqi fortnight
Autumn begins
8910111213
14151617181920
212222nd
鬼门开
guǐ mén kāi Ghost Gate Opens
2323rd
处暑
Jieqi fortnight
End of Heat
24252627
2828th
七夕节
Qīxìjié Chinese Valentine’s Day
293031

August 1st - Army Day

A recently instituted half-day holiday for military personnel is held on the 1st August each year.

August 22nd 2017 - Start of Ghost Month

The seventh month of the traditional Chinese calendar is associated with ghosts. The Hungry Ghost festival in the middle of the seventh month is the main festival but some people also mark the start of the month - Ghost Gate. The ghost month is considered unlucky, spirits wander around for the whole month and so new projects and enterprises should not be started. One superstition of relevance is to avoid sticking chopsticks vertically into rice as this invites in the ghosts. It is a minor festival and not a public holiday.

August 28th 2017 - Chinese Valentine's Day (Qixi )

This festival has its origins as a festival for women, honoring Niulang, a weaver, who was separated by the gods from her husband, a cowherd. She spent this one dry night with her husband by following a bridge made by magpies. The husband and wife are the stars Vega and Altair and the bridge is the Milky Way. It is held on the 7th day of the 7th lunar month and nowadays it is marked by exchanging gifts between sweethearts. On the preceding day people used to look to the future with various customs that foretold their future. A number of traditional games tested the dexterity of girls in deference to Niulang - the skilled weaver. It was also said to be the day when the Queen Mother of West visited the Emperor. It is also associated with lanterns in some regions with an association with guiding spirits as it falls within the Ghost month.

Dates : Fri Sep 9 2016    Mon Aug 28 2017    Fri Aug 17 2018   


September 2017
MTWTFSS
123
455th
盂兰盆
Yúlánpén Hungry Ghost
677th
白露
Jieqi fortnight
White Dew
891010th
教师节
Teachers day
11121313th
诸葛武侯诞辰
zhū gě wǔ hóu dàn chén Birthday of Zhuge Liang
14151617
18192021222323rd
秋分
Jieqi fortnight
Autumnal Equinox
24
2526272828th
祭孔大典
jìkǒngdàdiǎn Confucius’s Birthday (Modern)
2930

September 5th 2017 - Spirit day or Hungry Ghost Festival (Yú lán pén 盂兰 )

Hungry Ghosts, festival
A setup of foods offered to all sentient beings and hungry ghosts. Taken at Hsi Lai Temple during Sangha Day 2006. Image by Thetruthaboutfgs available under a Creative Commons license

This festival is held on the 15th day (full moon) of the 7th lunar (ghost) month. It is also known as the Mid year festival ( zhōng yuán jié). Traditionally the sufferings of ancestors are appeased by making offerings of food or incense at the ancestral shrine. Paper flags are hung over doorways to keep out the hungry ghosts.

Dates : Wed Aug 17 2016    Tue Sep 5 2017    Sat Aug 25 2018   

September 10th - Teacher's Day

Teachers have their own special day when students show respect and give presents to them. It is not a holiday and is held on 10th September each year.

September 13th 2017 - Birthday of Zhuge Liang

During the Three Kingdoms period, the loyal and capable chancellor of the Shu Han kingdom Zhuge Liang stands out as an example of a virtuous life. His birthday is marked on the 23rd of 7th lunar month in the traditional calendar. He was nick-named ‘crouching dragon’ for his adept military strategies. To mark this day Chinese sky lanterns , traditionally said to have been invented by Zhuge Liang, are lit and allowed to drift into the sky. It is a minor festival and not a public holiday.

Moon festival, food, cake
Moon cake for the Mid Autumn (Moon) Festival

September 28th - Confucius' Birthday (Ji Kong Dadian )

Traditionally the birthday of Confucius on the 27th of the 8th Lunar month has been marked particularly at his birthplace of Qufu in Shandong. It is now tied to a specific day, the 28th September each year.


October 2017
MTWTFSS
11st
国庆节
Public holiday
National day
22nd
Public holiday
33rd
Public holiday
44th
中秋节
Public holiday
Zhōngqiūjié Mid Autumn Festival
55th
Public holiday
66th
Public holiday
788th
寒露
Jieqi fortnight
Cold Dew
9101112131415
1616th
祭孔大典
jìkǒngdàdiǎn Confucius’s Birthday (Traditional)
171819202122
2323rd
霜降
Jieqi fortnight
Frost descends
242526272828th
重阳节
Zhòngyángjié Chong Yang Festival
29
3031

October 1st - National Day (Guoqingjie )

National day marks the founding of the Peoples Republic on 1st October 1949. There are often three days of public holiday in all, shifted to give a continuous five day holiday when combined with a weekend.

Mao Zedong, mausoleum, Tiananmen Square, PRC
Mausoleum of Mao Zedong, Tiananmen Square, Beijing
audio lecture
China History Podcast relating to this topic by Lazlo Montgomery (audio only).
Lazlo podcast
Mid-Autumn Festival

October 4th 2017 - Mid Autumn or Moon Festival (Zhongqiujie )

The Moon Festival takes place at full moon in the 8th lunar month (15th day), it marks the very end of harvest. Lanterns are lit and moon cakes are cooked and consumed in large numbers. It celebrates Chang'e the goddess of the moon and particular the romance with the archer god Houyi. Traditionally, spirits of the dead came forth to feast on the fruits of summer harvest. People would climb hills and mountains to watch the rising of the full moon with the greeting Kàn yuè liang ‘Look at the bright moon’!

Dates : Thu Sep 15 2016    Wed Oct 4 2017    Mon Sep 24 2018   

The following dates are for the current year: 2016

October 9th 2016 - Double Ninth (Chongyang )

On the 9th day of the 9th month people used to take to high ground and fly all sorts of kites as a way of appeasing the spirits. It follows the traditional story of Huan Jing of the Han dynasty, who was told to go to high ground to escape disaster. In Chinese numerology 9 is a strong yang number and is generally inauspicious; so this day had to be treated with respect. Food was laid out to calm the spirits of the ancestors. Because 9 jiǔ sounds like forever jiǔ it has now become associated with elderly people and since 1989 is also celebrated as 'Seniors Day'.

Dates : Wed Oct 21 2015    Sun Oct 9 2016    Fri Oct 27 2017   


November 2016
MTWTFSS
123456
77th
立冬
Jieqi fortnight
Winter begins
89101111th
光棍节
Singles day
1213
14151617181920
212222nd
小雪
Jieqi fortnight
Light snow
2324252627
282930

November 11th - Single's Day

For a Chinese calendar showing these festivals, anniversaries and lots more beside, look at our Calendar section.

A very recent special day, is ‘Single's Day’ when young , single people buy themselves presents. The festival started among men at Nanjing University in the 1990s and has caught on rapidly in cities throughout China and amongst single women too. The choice of date is based on the fact that 11.11 has four single 'ones' in it. It is now a popular day to declare love and propose marriage. It is not a national holiday.


December 2016
MTWTFSS
1234
5677th
大雪
Jieqi fortnight
Heavy snow
891011
121313th
南京大屠杀
Nanjing Massacre memorial day
1415161718
19202121st
冬至
Jieqi fortnight
Winter Solstice
2223242525th
圣诞老人
Christmas day
262728293031

December 13th - Nanjing Massacre Memorial Day

A recently proclaimed event (in 2014) to commemorate the many who died when the Japanese invaded Nanjing on this day in 1938. It is not a public holiday.

December 21st - Mid Winter (Dongzhi )

Dongzhi marks the important point of the mid Winter solstice (December 22nd or more rarely 21st), the shortest day, and is traditionally a time for eating rice balls or dumplings after offerings have been made to the kitchen god. This festival like Qingming is tied to the sun rather than the moon.

Dates : Tue Dec 22 2015    Wed Dec 21 2016    Fri Dec 22 2017   

Heilongjiang, snow
Heavy snow at Shuangfeng forest farm, Mudanjiang City, Heilongjiang

December 25th - Christmas (Shengdanlaoren )

In recent years the Western celebration of Christmas on 25th December has had an increasing impact. This is chiefly an excuse to buy presents for children in the cities. Shengdan Laoren is a transliteration of 'Santa' as 'sheng:' saintly 'dan:' birth followed by 'laoren:' old man. To wish someone ‘Merry Christmas’ you can say shèng dàn kuài lè. It is not an official holiday.

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