Festivals in China

bats wishing good fortune and long life

There are many, joyous Chinese Festivals that are still marked each year including Chinese New Year, Qing Ming, Dragon Boat, Chinese Valentines, National Day and many more that are described on this page. A number of the festivals follow the old Chinese calendar rather than the Western (Gregorian) calendar. The old calendar was based on the moon so just as with the Christian Easter, some festivals fall on different days each year. The jié qì solar calendar has always been used for farming as the date of sowing, reaping needs to be synchronized to the sun not the moon. For more about the Chinese calendar please visit our Chinese Calendar section. In recent years some festivals have been moved to a Monday or Friday to give a three day weekend. The mixture of moveable and fixed, modern and ancient create a complex calendar of public holidays.

Festivals reflect the mixed religious traditions in China. Some of the festivals honor more than one religion, others mark the passage of the seasons. Back in dynastic history there were no weekends or days of rest, so festivals were the only holidays and that is why there are so important.

All these dates are for 2018 or 2019. If the date varies from year to year the year is always given in full, see our month at a glance Calender section for all festivals 2010-2020 with information about events and anniversaries.

The following dates are for next year: 2019

January 2019
Public holiday
New Years day
Jieqi fortnight
Moderate cold
Làbā jié Laba Festival
Jieqi fortnight
Severe cold

January 1st - New Year

When China adopted the Western, Gregorian calendar on the founding of the Republic of China in 1911, the 'Western' beginning of the year January 1st began to be marked as a festival just as elsewhere in the world. Since 2008 it has become a public holiday lasting 3 days. Sometimes the holiday is 'shifted' to give an extended weekend.

January 13th 2019 - Laba Festival

Laba congee is traditionally eaten on this minor festival. It is held on the 8th day of the twelfth lunar month and is associated with the Buddhist festival marking the Buddha's enlightenment. The festival is observed mostly in northern China and not much in the south. It is not a public holiday.

Dates : Wed Jan 24 2018    Sun Jan 13 2019      

February 2019
Jieqi fortnight
Public holiday
Spring begins
Public holiday
Chūnjié Chinese New Year - Spring Festival
Public holiday
Public holiday
Public holiday
Public holiday
Public holiday
Jieqi fortnight 元宵节
Yuánxiāojié Lantern Festival

February 5th 2019 - Chinese New Year: Spring Festival ( chūn jié) or New Year ( xīn nián)

We now have a whole page dedicated to describe just the New Year Festival - this page was becoming too long! So here is just a very quick summary.

New Year is the main annual festival in China determined by the old Chinese calendar. It falls on the second new moon after the winter solstice, so it is falls towards the end of January or early February. For at least 2,000 years it has been a time for all families to get together, often traveling huge distances. Brightly colored papers and paper cut designs are displayed everywhere often carrying the character ‘fu’ for good fortune. The traditional lion dance is often seen in public festivities. The festival lasts a whole week of public holiday (Feb 15th to Feb 21st in 2018) and during this time everyone tries to be on their best behavior to set the tone for the whole year.

Spring Festival, Shenzhen, market, people, lantern
Buying supplies for the Chinese New Year Festival, Shenzhen Copyright © Dreamstime see image license

There are large firework displays in the cities. The ancestors are given due reverence at the festival. When guests arrive they should bring along food or a gift; these can take the form of packets of 'lucky paper money' in red envelopes. Fish and Jiaozi (dumplings) are often eaten, the character for fish yu sounds the same as the character yu meaning 'surplus; abundance' so a dish of fish has a lucky connotation. The entrance to a house is decorated with two couplets written in calligraphy on red paper on either side of the entrance. Traditional fairs are held outside temples selling all sorts of small gifts and decorations during the holiday.

Dates : Fri Feb 16 2018    Tue Feb 5 2019    Sat Jan 25 2020   

February 19th 2019 - Lantern Festival (Yuanxiao )

The Lantern festival is on the first full moon after the New Year and marks the very end of the Spring Festival. Lanterns are lit and in places very long paper dragons parade the streets. The lanterns lit the way for the ancestral spirits to go home to their tombs after joining the family for the festivities. Great creativity was used in lantern design, which can include moving parts; some towns had riddles painted on them to entertain the people. Tangyuan (glutinous rice balls) are eaten and fir branches placed above doors. The traditional lion dance was originally tied to just this festival but now are seen more generally throughout the year. In the countryside diseases were removed by making a procession out of the village, with many firecrackers scaring away and taking the illness with it. Children, often in scary masks, used to put on little stage shows and pantomimes.

lantern festival, festival , people, children
Celebrating Lantern Festival, Liuzhou, Guangxi Copyright © Dreamstime see image license

Dates : Fri Mar 2 2018    Tue Feb 19 2019      

March 2019
Jieqi fortnight
Insects waken
Tibetan New Year Festival
lóngtáitóu Blue Dragon Festival
Arbor or Tree planting day
huā zhāo jié Flower Festival
Jieqi fortnight
Vernal Equinox
guàn yīn dàn Birthday of Guanyin

March 7th 2019 - Tibetan New Year

In Tibet the start of the year (Losar) is on the first day of the second lunar month as reckoned by the Chinese lunar calendar. 'Sacred pills' of barley are eaten to wish the Dalai Lama a prosperous new year. It is also celebrated in India and Nepal.

March 8th - International Women's Day

On the foundation of the Peoples Republic in 1949 the 8th March was designated Women's Day with a half or full day's holiday for women in China. The date was chosen because it was originally the last Saturday in February but this was moved in 1914 to a Sunday in Russia and has stayed there ever since.

Traditional Chinese calendar

Traditional Chinese calendar


The traditional Chinese calendar is still used to determine the date of some festivals, and in particular the most important one - Chinese New Year. Our calendar shows each month with both Chinese and Western calendar information together with all the important anniversaries occurring on each day and the whole year.

March 8th 2019 - Blue Dragon Festival (Zhonghe or Longtaitou )

The double second (2nd day of 2nd lunar month) marks the first tentative signs of Spring. The name ‘Blue Dragon’ reflects the tradition of waking the dragons that control the rains, Longtaitou literally means ‘dragon raise head’. It usually occurs around the time of Jīngzhí in the lichuan calendar which marks the stirring of insects; originally fumigation was carried out to kill off the emerging insects. The festival is now celebrated by cleaning the house, having a haircut, eating popcorn, pancakes and noodles. Zhonghe Festival () is another ancient festival traditionally held on the day before (1st of the 2nd lunar month) so nowadays the two are celebrated together. It is not a public holiday..

Dates : Sun Mar 18 2018    Fri Mar 8 2019      

March 12th - Arbor or Tree Planting Day

To make up for widespread deforestation and keep China well stocked with trees, on 12th March people go out and plant trees. It is not a holiday and was instituted as late as 1981.

March 18th 2019 - Flower Festival

The traditional Flower Festival is held on the twelfth day of the second lunar month. The great Tang Empress Wu Zetian is associated with this minor festival when the birthday of the Flower God is celebrated. It roughly marks the time of the emergence of the first flowers of Spring. It is also a good day to plant up the garden ready for summer.

March 25th 2019 - Birthday of the Goddess of Mercy

Hainan, Guanyin, Sanya, deity
Statue of Guanyin (Guanshiyin or Avalokitesvara), Goddess of Mercy, Sanya, Hainan

The most revered of Buddhist Bodhisattvas is Guanyin , the Goddess of Mercy who intercedes on behalf of any who pray to her. Her birthday is traditionally marked by a minor festival on the 19th of the second lunar month. One of the holiest places sacred to her is on Putuo Island, Zhejiang where there is a tall statue looking out East over the ocean.

April 2019
Jieqi fortnight
Public holiday
Bright and Clear Festival
Shàngsìjié Shangsi Festival
Zhào gōngmíng Birthday of the God of Wealth
Jieqi fortnight
Corn Rain

April 4th 2019 - Cold Food Day

Cold Food day commemorates the story of Jie Zitui a loyal and humble servant at the time of the Spring and Autumn Period. The servant is supposed to have cut off part of his own thigh to offer sustenance to his starving master. Jie Zitui shunned rewards and fled to a mountain with his mother, he was pursued by the angry prince and was only put off burning down Jie's house by a pleading poem written in blood. To mark the event no fires are lit and all food is served cold. More practically it marks the time when the heating fires used over the winter are put out and the all the ashes cleared away - so there is no fire available for cooking. It is a minor festival held on the eve of Qing Ming . As the events took place in Shanxi province it is mainly there that the festival is celebrated.

April 5th 2019 - Clear and Bright Festival ( qīng míng jié)

Traditionally the family tomb is cleaned and swept on Qing Ming day with fresh offerings laid out for the ancestors. This festival is anchored to the solar year rather than lunar year and so always falls between April 4th to 6th. It marks the start of Spring and is associated with kite flying. It has similarities to the Christian Easter Spring festival in that eggs are prepared and eaten. In some areas boys used to wear willow wreathes on their heads to summon rain for the growing season.

Dates : Thu Apr 5 2018    Fri Apr 5 2019      

The following dates are for the current year: 2018

April 13th - Water Splashing Festival

The Dai people of Yunnan people have great fun getting very wet on April 13th each year. There are very many festivals specific to particular minority people, this is one of the best known through widely seen documentaries.

April 18th 2018 - Shangsi or Double Third Festival

Celebrated on the 3rd day of the 3rd Lunar month, Shangsi was traditionally a day for cleaning the house and going away on an outing. It is not an official holiday in China. The festival marks the birthday of the Queen Mother of the West (Xi Wangmu), a leading Daoist deity and is also known as the Banquet of Peaches of Immortality. The day is associated with many folk beliefs to do with the opening of portals between the living and the dead. The founding Yellow Emperor is also believed to have had his birthday on this day. Sticky rice cakes called baba 粑粑 are sometimes eaten.

Dates : Thu Mar 30 2017    Wed Apr 18 2018    Sun Apr 7 2019   

April 30th 2018 - Birthday of the God of Wealth

God of Money, poster
Chinese Lunar New Year money god poster in Hong Kong. Image by Mk2010 available under a Creative Commons license

If you want to become more prosperous then making the appropriate offerings to the God of Wealth (Zhao Gongming) or God of Money (Cai Shen) on his birthday could do the trick. This birthday is marked on the 15th day of the third lunar month of the traditional calendar. He is often depicted with an iron club and riding a black tiger. There are various conflicting legends concerning his life which dates back before the Qin dynasty. It is a minor festival and not a public holiday.

May 2018
Public holiday
Labor day
Youth Day
Jieqi fortnight
Summer begins
Jieqi fortnight
Corn Forms

May 1st - Labor (May) Day (Laodongjie )

A modern international holiday to mark the toil of workers takes place on 1st May. It is a one day holiday reflecting the socialist/communist history of the PRC. The new festivals like Labor Day introduced since the PRC was founded have gradually given way to the traditional ones, three whole days used to be allocated but this has been reduced to one day since 2008.

May 4th - Youth Day

Commemorates the activity of young people on May 4th 1919 that helped create the Republic of China. It also marks the foundation of the influential May 4th movement. It is not a public holiday.

June 2018
Childrens day
Jieqi fortnight
Corn in Ear
Public holiday
Duānwǔjié Dragon Boat Festival
Jieqi fortnight
Summer Solstice
yǔjié Rain Festival

June 1st - Children's Day

A recent holiday specifically for children under 14 was created under the PRC to be held each year on 1st June. Admission to cinemas is free and presents are given.

June 18th 2018 - Dragon Boat Festival (Duanwu )

Dragon boat festival, Foshan, Guangdong, people
A dragon boat race at Foshan, Guangdong. 2011 Copyright © Dreamstime see image license

The highpoint of the sun's journey at the Summer Solstice in the year marks the start of the warmest part of the year, but also the reduction in day length. This became the Dragon Boat Festival on the fifth day of the fifth month which often falls near the summer solstice. As well as procuring rain from the water controlling dragons for the summer crops, it commemorates the life of Qu Yuan (340-278 BCE), an incorruptible public official who drowned himself in defiance of unjust rule. Many boats went out in search for his body and from this legend dragon boat races take place throughout the world. Triangular rice cake zòng zi and garlic suàn are particular associated with this festival, some are fed to the fish on the basis that they would then leave Qu Yuan's body alone. Two teams of 15-30 people race each other in boats with a decorated dragon prow. It is only recently (2008) that this has become an official public holiday again. Hong Kong is well known for the large number of races that take place each year. The fifth month is generally regarded as the most unlucky month and charms were used to keep the bad influence at bay, for example with pictures of Zhong Kui or putting iris flowers over the door. Traditionally Realgar wine (containing Arsenic sulfide) was drunk to kill off internal parasites and infections.

Dates : Tue May 30 2017    Mon Jun 18 2018    Fri Jun 7 2019   

YouTube video of Dragon Boat race in China

June 26th 2018 - Rain Festival

Rain is essential for crops and another minor festival, the Rain Festival, like the Dragon Boat festival, is associated with rain on the 13th of the fifth month. Ceremonies used to seek just the quantity of rain, not too little and not too much. Like St. Swithin's day , the absence of rain on this day may presage a drought. There are many gods of rain and legends about them. As rain is associated with dragons they feature prominently in such tales including the Jinlong Si Dawang (Golden Dragon King). It is not a public holiday.

Mon 19th Feb

The year of the Pekingese dog

With many people still celebrating the Spring Festival and the start of the Year of the Dog, I came across a piece describing the decline of what was the most famous breed of dog in China. The Pekingese were Dowager Empress Cixi's favorite dog and she kept hundreds. They were bred to look like tiny lions rather than dogs and Cixi kept them as lap dogs. They were given marble kennels in the Forbidden City and rested on silk cushions. Imperial eunuchs looked after the dogs and they were given the choicest meat and rice. As part of the spoils of the sacking of the Summer Palace in the Opium Wars (1860) one Pekingese dog was sent back to Queen Victoria which she kept as a pet called 'Looty'.

In China the Pekingese breed is not now popular, people now prefer poodles and other breeds. The small, local population is now considered so inbred that Chinese are looking to bring back Pekingese from overseas to re-invigorate the breed.

Read full story...
Read all our news stories...

July 2018
Jieqi fortnight
Moderate heat
bàn nián jié Half Year Festival
shài yī jié Clothes Drying Day
Jieqi fortnight
Great heat

July 13th 2018 - Half Year Festival

Half way through the lunar calendar year is on the 1st day of the 6th month, and it is a time to reflect on the year so far. Mainly celebrated in southern China, the Half Year Festival is in places treated as an echo of the New Year Festival, with fire crackers, zong zi (glutinous rice) and family get-togethers. According to legend in Jiashanwu Village near Hangzhou a long drought was ended by the efforts of a mysterious old man. It is a minor festival and not a public holiday.

July 18th 2018 - Clothes Drying Day

As the sun’s heat reaches its full power this minor festival is set aside to lay out anything that needs drying in the sun. Clothes; bedding; papers; grain are some of the things that can benefit from a thorough airing and drying in the sun. Clothes Drying Day takes place on the sixth day of sixth month. The legend is that the Dragon King, ruler of water, spent this day drying its scales. Another tale is that it was the day when the Buddhist scriptures that were being carried into China in the 'Journey to the West' were laid out to dry; and so temples used to bring out the Classic scriptures for a good airing. It is a minor festival and not a public holiday.

August 2018
Army day
Jieqi fortnight
Autumn begins
guǐ mén kāi Ghost Gate Opens
Qīxìjié Chinese Valentine’s Day
Jieqi fortnight
End of Heat
Yúlánpén Hungry Ghost

August 1st - Army Day

A recently instituted half-day holiday for military personnel is held on the 1st August each year. The date commemorates the Nanchang uprising of August 1st 1927 when the Communist forces for the first time formed an army unit that routed the Guomindang that occupied the city of Nanchang. Many of the Communist military leaders went on to take part in the Long March and the establishment of the Peoples Republic.

August 11th 2018 - Start of Ghost Month (Guǐ mén kāi)

The seventh month of the traditional Chinese calendar is associated with ghosts. The Hungry Ghost festival in the middle of the seventh month is the main festival but some people also mark the start of the month - Ghost Gate. The ghost month is considered unlucky, spirits wander around for the whole month and so new projects and enterprises should not be started. One superstition of relevance is to avoid sticking chopsticks vertically into rice as this invites in the ghosts. It is a minor festival and not a public holiday.

August 17th 2018 - Chinese Valentine's Day (Qixi )

This festival has its origins as a festival for women, honoring Niulang, a weaver, who was separated by the gods from her husband, a cowherd. She spent this one dry night with her husband by following a bridge made by magpies. The husband and wife are the stars Vega and Altair and the bridge is the Milky Way. It is held on the 7th day of the 7th lunar month and nowadays it is marked by exchanging gifts between sweethearts. On the preceding day people used to look to the future with various customs that foretold their future. A number of traditional games tested the dexterity of girls in deference to Niulang - the skilled weaver. It was also said to be the day when the Queen Mother of West visited the Emperor. In some regions it is also associated with lanterns and guiding spirits as it falls within the Ghost month. Nowadays is more like the western Valentine's Day - couples give each other presents to show their enduring affection.

Dates : Mon Aug 28 2017    Fri Aug 17 2018    Wed Aug 7 2019   

August 25th 2018 - Spirit day or Hungry Ghost Festival (Yú lán pén 盂兰 )

This festival is held on the 15th day (full moon) of the 7th lunar (ghost) month. It is also known as the Mid-year festival ( zhōng yuán jié). Traditionally the sufferings of ancestors are appeased by making offerings of food or incense at the ancestral shrine. Prayers are said for spirits who have no families to venerate them. Paper flags are hung over doorways to keep out the hungry ghosts.

Dates : Tue Sep 5 2017    Sat Aug 25 2018    Thu Aug 15 2019   

September 2018
zhū gě wǔ hóu dàn chén Birthday of Zhuge Liang
Jieqi fortnight
White Dew
Teachers day
Jieqi fortnight
Autumnal Equinox
Public holiday
Zhōngqiūjié Mid Autumn Festival
jìkǒngdàdiǎn Confucius’s Birthday (Modern)

September 2nd 2018 - Birthday of Zhuge Liang

During the Three Kingdoms period Zhuge Liang , the loyal and capable chancellor of the Shu Han kingdom stands out as an example of a virtuous life. His birthday is marked on the 23rd of 7th lunar month in the traditional calendar. He was nick-named ‘crouching dragon’ for his adept military strategies. To mark this day Chinese sky lanterns , traditionally said to have been invented by Zhuge Liang, are lit and allowed to drift into the sky. It is a minor festival and not a public holiday.

September 10th - Teacher's Day

Teachers have their own special day when students show respect and give presents to them. It is not a holiday and is held on 10th September each year. It is not entirely clear why this date was chosen, but it is usually near the start of the new school year after the summer holidays.

Moon festival, food, cake
Moon cake for the Mid Autumn (Moon) Festival
Living in China

Living in China


All about the customs and traditions that you should know before traveling to China. A respect for age old traditions will impress your hosts who will appreciate your efforts to embrace the culture. Learning about 'face', 'guanxi' and general etiquette will make everyone feel more relaxed.
Teacup media video for this topic by Laszlo Montgomery (audio only).
Laszlo podcast
Mid-Autumn Festival

September 24th 2018 - Mid Autumn or Moon Festival (Zhongqiujie )

The Moon Festival takes place at full moon in the 8th lunar month (15th day), it marks the end of harvest. Lanterns are lit and moon cakes are cooked and consumed in large numbers. It celebrates Chang'e the goddess of the moon and particular the romance with the archer god Houyi. Traditionally, spirits of the dead came forth to feast on the fruits of summer harvest. People would climb hills and mountains to watch the rising of the full moon with the greeting Kàn yuè liang ‘Look at the bright moon’!

Dates : Wed Oct 4 2017    Mon Sep 24 2018    Fri Sep 13 2019   

September 28th - Confucius' Birthday (Ji Kong Dadian )

Traditionally the birthday of the great sage and philosopher Confucius was celebrated on the 27th of the 8th Lunar month particularly at his birthplace of Qufu in Shandong. It is now tied to a specific day, the 28th September each year.

October 2018
Public holiday
National day
Public holiday
Public holiday
Public holiday
Public holiday
jìkǒngdàdiǎn Confucius’s Birthday (Traditional)
Jieqi fortnight
Cold Dew
Zhòngyángjié Chong Yang Festival
Jieqi fortnight
Frost descends

October 1st - National Day (Guoqingjie )

National day marks the founding of the Peoples Republic on 1st October 1949. There are often three days of public holiday in all, shifted to give a continuous five day holiday when combined with a weekend.

October 17th 2018 - Double Ninth (Chongyang )

On the 9th day of the 9th month people used to take to high ground and fly all sorts of kites as a way of appeasing the spirits. It follows the traditional story of Huan Jing of the Han dynasty, who was told to move to high ground to escape disaster. In Chinese numerology 9 is a strong yang number and is generally inauspicious; so this day had to be treated with respect. Food was laid out to calm the spirits of the ancestors. As chrysanthemums are usually in flower, chrysanthemum wine is often drunk and petals collected to flavor the next year's batch. Because nine jiǔ sounds like forever jiǔ it has now become associated with elderly people and since 1989 has also been celebrated as ‘Seniors Day’.

Dates : Sat Oct 28 2017    Wed Oct 17 2018    Mon Oct 7 2019   

November 2018
Jieqi fortnight
Winter begins
Singles day
Jieqi fortnight
Light snow

November 11th - Single's Day

Traditional Chinese calendar

Traditional Chinese calendar


The traditional Chinese calendar is still used to determine the date of some festivals, and in particular the most important one - Chinese New Year. Our calendar shows each month with both Chinese and Western calendar information together with all the important anniversaries occurring on each day and the whole year.

A very recent special day, is ‘Single's Day’ when young , single people buy themselves presents. The festival started among men at Nanjing University in the 1990s and has caught on rapidly in cities throughout China and amongst single women too. The choice of date is based on the fact that 11.11 has four single 'ones' in it. It is now a popular day to declare love and propose marriage. It is not a national holiday.

November 13th - Nanjing Massacre Memorial Day

In 2014 a new memorial day was inaugurated to commemorate the many who died when the Japanese invaded Nanjing on this day in 1938. It is not a public holiday.

December 2018
Jieqi fortnight
Heavy snow
Nanjing Massacre memorial day
Jieqi fortnight
Winter Solstice
Christmas day

December 22nd 2018 - Mid Winter (Dongzhi )

Dongzhi marks the important point of the mid Winter solstice (December 22nd or more rarely 21st), the shortest day, and is traditionally a time for eating rice balls or dumplings after offerings have been made to the kitchen god. This festival like Qingming is tied to the sun rather than the moon.

Dates : Fri Dec 22 2017    Sat Dec 22 2018    Sun Dec 22 2019   

December 25th - Christmas (Shengdanlaoren )

In recent years the Western celebration of Christmas on 25th December has had an increasing impact. This is chiefly an excuse to buy presents for children in the cities. Shengdan Laoren is a transliteration of ‘Santa’ as ‘sheng:’ saintly ‘dan:’ birth followed by ‘laoren:’ old man. As Santa is dressed in lucky red this greatly adds to his appeal. To wish someone ‘Merry Christmas’ you can say shèng dàn kuài lè. It is not an official holiday.

Chinese proverb


Xiāng xiāo yù sǔn [xiang xiao yu sun]
fragrant vanish jade broken
Fragrance is dissipated; jade is broken
Spoken of on the death of a beautiful young woman
Whom the Gods love die young
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