Map of Anhui,China map, Anhui map Shandong Henan Jiangsu Hubei Zhejiang Jiangxi

Anhui Province

Name (ān huī) ['peace' 'emblem'] Old Name Anhwei WG
CapitalHefei
Population60.564 million (4.40 %) [8th] comparison table
Area140,000 km2 [54,054 mile2] (1.46 %) [22nd]
GDP34,425 (8.33 %) [28th]
Position of Anhui in China
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Google map of Anhui
Beijing Tianjin Shanghai Hong Kong Xinjiang Tibet Qinghai Gansu Inner Mongolia Heilongjiang Jilin Liaoning Yunnan Sichuan Guangxi Hainan Taiwan Guangdong Guizhou Chongqing Ningxia Shandong Fujian Zhejiang Shaanxi Shanxi Hebei Henan Hunan Hubei Jiangxi Anhui Jiangsu

Neighbors

Shandong Zhejiang Jiangxi Hubei Henan Jiangsu

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Anhui can claim to be at the heart of Central China as it straddles the mighty Yangzi river. The northern portion is part of the flat, fertile North China plain and is noted for wheat and rice production. There is a vast coalfield and iron industry west of Huainan. South of the Yangzi, the province is more mountainous. Economically it remains somewhat behind its neighbors Hubei and Henan.

Anhui History

Anhui became part of the 'recognized' nation of China over 2,000 years ago and was settled during the Han dynasty. Hefei, at the center of the province, is the provincial capital; it has developed rapidly as an industrial center since the founding of the PRC. The name for Anhui is formed from the names of two ancient cities Anqing () and Huizhou in the far south near Huangshan. The province is well known for the production of paper, ink and ink-stones; as these are the treasures of the calligrapher, it has a fine literary associations.

Anhui, Hongcun, building, village
Ancient village of Hongcun in Anhui with structures from Ming and Qing dynasties

Famous people from Anhui include: Bao Zheng , the model for selfless dedication to public office; Cao Cao the villain of the Three Kingdoms period; Zhu Yuanzhang founder of the Ming dynasty and reputably both Lao Zi and Zhuang Zi founders of the Daoist tradition.

Buddhism , Anhui, elephant, dragon
Entrance to a Buddhist temple decorated with dragons and elephants, Jiuhuashan, Anhui

Historically the northern part has been subject to severe flooding from the Yangzi, and centuries ago, by the Yellow river too. The city of Chaohu is named after the large lake to its west.

Huangshan, Anhui, mountain
Huangshan mountain with Pinus hwangshanensis trees, Nov 2010
Image by Peter05031960 available under a Creative Commons license
Dragons, master of rain and water

Dragons, master of rain and water

Culture

The Chinese dragon is no fire-breathing monster, in China they are regarded as powerful but benevolent. As dragons are masters of rain, water and sea they need to be brought on your side if you want a good harvest, and so they need suitable offerings. The Dragon boat festival held near midsummer is when everyone used to seek to placate the dragon kings.

Places to visit in Anhui

A notable attraction of Anhui is scenic Huangshan (Yellow Mountains) in the south, a very popular mountain range to climb for Chinese as well as foreign tourists. It is named after China's legendary first Yellow Emperor who is reputed to have visited here. It has rocky peaks and pine trees growing right up to the summit. A famous view is of Huan Ke SongWelcoming Guest Pine’ at the base of the trail, reputed to be 1,000 years old. Many people gather at sunrise to see the sun shine through iridescent mists at the summit. The walk to the top can be spread over several days with ancient temples and viewing points along the way. Tang poet Li Bai labeled the mountain a ‘Golden Hibiscus’. Hot springs are found at the bottom while near the top Jade Screen Pavilion offers panoramic views often with the mountains shrouded in mist. Tiandu Peak which can be reached by a stone walkway just 164 feet [50 meters] short of the summit ‘Lotus Flower Peak’ 6,115 feet [1,864 meters]. There are hotels, cafes and shops high up in the mountains serving the continuous flow of tourists.

Both Huangshan and Qimen are famous for their teas; Huangshan for green tea and Qimen for black tea . In the mountains in Yixian county are two ancient villages Xidi and Hongcun undisturbed since Ming dynasty times and on the UNESCO World Heritage List . Shexian county (formerly called Huizhou) also has Ming dynasty buildings. Jiuhuashan (Nine Flowers Mountain) sacred to Buddhists is not far away.

Anhui Climate

Temperature axisClimate ChartRainfall axis
Climate chart for Anhui
Both Temp Rainfall ° C/mms ° F/ins Key
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Major CitiesPopulation
Anqing 373,775
Bengbu蚌埠 539,593
Fuyang 362,081
Hefei 1,663,800
Huaibei 612,369
Huainan 970,100
Lu'an 311,825
Ma'anshan 420,295
Suzhou Anhui宿 1,647,642
Tongling 314,971
Wuhu 551,138

Airports

Hefei Xinqiao International Airport 合肥骆岗国际机场 HFE IATA / ZSOF ICAO
The airport has 1 terminal and is located 19.8 miles (31.8 kms) from Hefei. Live Flight information , Airport information , rank in China 36
See map of location Hefei Xinqiao International Airport
Huangshan Tunxi International Airport 黄山屯溪国际机场 TXN IATA / ZSTX ICAO
The airport has 1 terminal and is located 6.2 miles (10.0 kms) from Tunxi. Live Flight information , Airport information , rank in China 97
See map of location Huangshan Tunxi International Airport

Universities

University of Science and Technology of China

The University at Hefei was founded by the Chinese Academy of Sciences under the leadership of Guo Moruo to promote research into science and technology. Since its foundation in 1958 it has broadened its scope and is one of the top Universities in China.. Undergraduates: 7667, Postgraduates: 8921, International students: 49, GP World ranking 113

City populations for 2012, Province statistics National Bureau of Statistics 2014

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