Map of Chongqing,China map, Chongqing map Sichuan Shaanxi Hubei Hunan Guizhou

Chongqing Province

Name (chóng qìng) ['duplicate' 'celebrate'] Old Name Chungking WG
CapitalChongqing City
Population29.807 million (2.17 %) [20th] comparison table
Area82,000 km2 [31,660 mile2] (0.85 %) [26th]
GDP47,859 (5.70 %) [14th]
Position of Chongqing in China
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Google map of Chongqing
Beijing Tianjin Shanghai Hong Kong Xinjiang Tibet Qinghai Gansu Inner Mongolia Heilongjiang Jilin Liaoning Yunnan Sichuan Guangxi Hainan Taiwan Guangdong Guizhou Chongqing Ningxia Shandong Fujian Zhejiang Shaanxi Shanxi Hebei Henan Hunan Hubei Jiangxi Anhui Jiangsu

Neighbors

Shaanxi Sichuan Guizhou Hubei Hunan

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Chongqing is China's newest province, split off in 1997 from its large neighbor Sichuan. It is officially a 'municipality' rather than a province but includes a large rural area to the east of the huge city of Chongqing which makes it different to other metropolitan provinces of Beijing; Tianjin and Shanghai.

History

Situated on the Yangzi at its rocky confluence with the Jialing River, Chongqing serves as the main port and gateway for trade with Sichuan Province to the north. Chongqing is an ancient place, it has a heritage reaching back to the Bayu Culture in the depths of history. The name means literally ‘double celebration’, which needs a little explanation. Originally it had a succession of names : Jiang () ‘river city’; ‘mountain city’; and Yu then Gong . It became Chongqing () in 1189 when Zhao Dun became King of the region and then Song Emperor of China and so changed the city's name to mark this double celebration. Unlike most Chinese cities that are laid out in a grid pattern, the hilly topology has led to many small, meandering streets that give the city its unique charm. It became a British treaty port in 1890 giving them control of all central China along the Yangzi.

Chongqing

Chongqing was the capital of China under the Nationalist forces of Chiang Kaishek during the Japanese invasion (1938-47) after Beijing and then Nanjing had fallen. The city's frequent winter fogs kept the city relatively free from the threat of Japanese bombers. With America on China's side in the war, the city was the headquarters of General Joseph Warren Stilwell 1942-44, whose headquarters can still visited today. More recently the city was the power base of the disgraced politician Bo Xilai .

Chongqing, Yangzi River, modern housing
View of Chongqing from the Yangzi River Copyright © Dreamstime see image license

The construction of Three Gorges Dam in Hubei has made navigation from the sea all the way up the Yangzi to Chongqing far easier. It is now one of the fastest growing cities in the world. Many new large buildings and roads are being built each year. The full range of industries are represented in the bustling city.

Chongqing, skyscraper
New, modern office buildings in Chongqing, 2014

Chongqing Climate

Temperature axisClimate ChartRainfall axis
Climate chart for Chongqing
Both Temp Rainfall ° C/mms ° F/ins Key

Places to visit in Chongqing

The rock carvings at Dazu are a UNESCO World Heritage site. Fuling also has fine ancient carvings. There are a number of hot springs in the area. Fengdu is one of towns which was partially submerged when the Three Gorges Dam was built on the Yangzi.

Geography

Hot and humid for much of the year, Chongqing City is known as one of China's 'three furnaces'; it is often submerged in smog. Rural Chongqing to the east of the city is very much like neighboring Sichuan, as it consists of densely populated and rich agricultural land. The border of the province follows the Yangzi river into Hubei. Bamboo is an important crop and it used in many handicrafts.

Dazu, buddha, deity, Chongqing
Sleeping Buddha at Dazu caves, Chongqing Copyright © Dreamstime see image license
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Major CitiesPopulation
Chongqing City 6,176,600

Airports

Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport 重庆江北国际机场 CKG IATA / ZUCK ICAO
The airport has 2 terminals and is located 13.0 miles (21.0 kms) from Chongqing City
International Links to :Japan Korea Singapore
See map of location Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport
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Citation information: Chinasage, 'City of Chongqing, Central China', last updated 5 Mar 2013, Web, http://www.chinasage.info/maps/chongqing.htm.

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