Map of Chongqing,China map, Chongqing map Sichuan Shaanxi Hubei Hunan Guizhou

Chongqing Province

Name (chóng qìng) ['duplicate' 'celebrate'] Old Name Chungking WG
CapitalChongqing City
Population29.807 million (2.17 %) [20th] comparison table
Area82,000 km2 [31,660 mile2] (0.85 %) [26th]
GDP47,859 (5.70 %) [14th]
Position of Chongqing in China
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Google map of Chongqing
Beijing Tianjin Shanghai Hong Kong Xinjiang Tibet Qinghai Gansu Inner Mongolia Heilongjiang Jilin Liaoning Yunnan Sichuan Guangxi Hainan Taiwan Guangdong Guizhou Chongqing Ningxia Shandong Fujian Zhejiang Shaanxi Shanxi Hebei Henan Hunan Hubei Jiangxi Anhui Jiangsu


Shaanxi Sichuan Guizhou Hubei Hunan

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Chongqing is China's newest province, split off in 1997 from its large neighbor Sichuan. It is officially a ‘municipality’ rather than a province but includes a large rural area to the east of the huge city of Chongqing which makes it different to the other metropolitan provinces of Beijing; Tianjin and Shanghai.

Writing characters

The art of calligraphy is still widely appreciated in China. Fine historic pieces by the great masters continue to achieve high prices at auction. To appreciate Chinese writing it is important to know how the characters are made with the brush. Our page on brush strokes lets you learn how to write in Chinese calligraphy.
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Situated on the Yangzi at its rocky confluence with the Jialing River, Chongqing serves as the dominant port and gateway for trade with Sichuan Province and the rest of China. Chongqing is an ancient place, it has a heritage reaching back to the Bayu Culture in the depths of history. The name means literally ‘double celebration’, which needs a little explanation. Originally it had a succession of names : Jiangzhou () ‘river city’; ‘mountain city’; and also Yu then Gong . It became Chongqing () in 1189 when Zhao Dun became King of the region and later the Song Emperor of China and so changed the city's name to mark this double celebration. Unlike most Chinese cities that are laid out in a grid pattern, the hilly topology has led to many small, meandering streets that give the city its unique charm. It became a British treaty port in 1890 giving them control of central China along the Yangzi.


Chongqing was the capital of China under the Nationalist forces of Chiang Kaishek during the Japanese invasion (1938-47) after Beijing and then Nanjing had fallen. The city's frequent winter fogs kept the city relatively free from the threat of Japanese bombers. With America on China's side in the war, the city became the headquarters of General Joseph Warren Stilwell 1942-44, whose headquarters can still visited today. More recently the city was the power base of the disgraced politician Bo Xilai .

Chongqing, Yangzi River, modern housing
View of Chongqing from the Yangzi River Copyright © Dreamstime see image license

The construction of Three Gorges Dam in Hubei has made navigation from the sea all the way up the Yangzi to Chongqing far easier. It is now one of the fastest growing cities in the world. Many new large buildings and roads are being built each year. A full range of industries are represented in the bustling city.

Chongqing, skyscraper
New, modern office buildings in Chongqing, 2014

Chongqing Climate

Temperature axisClimate ChartRainfall axis
Climate chart for Chongqing
Both Temp Rainfall ° C/mms ° F/ins Key

How to get on in China

If you are traveling to China it is essential to know the customs and general etiquette so that you do not unknowingly cause offense. Our customs page covers all areas including giving gifts, banquets, sealing business deals and how to behave in public. Any attempt at understanding Chinese sensibilities will create a good impression.
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Places to visit in Chongqing

The rock carvings at Dazu are a UNESCO World Heritage site. Fuling also has fine ancient carvings. There are a number of hot springs in the area. Fengdu is one of the towns which was partially submerged when the Three Gorges Dam was built on the Yangzi.


Hot and humid for much of the year, Chongqing City is known as one of China’s ‘three furnaces’; it is often submerged in smog. Rural Chongqing to the east of the city is very much like neighboring Sichuan, as it consists of densely populated and rich agricultural land. The border of the province follows the Yangzi river into Hubei. Bamboo is an important crop and is put to a multitude of uses.

Dazu, buddha, deity, Chongqing
Sleeping Buddha at Dazu caves, Chongqing Copyright © Dreamstime see image license
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Major CitiesPopulation
Chongqing City 7,457,600


Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport 重庆江北国际机场 CKG IATA / ZUCK ICAO
The airport has 2 terminals and is located 13.0 miles (21.0 kms) from Chongqing City. Live Flight information , Airport information , rank in China 10
International Links to :Japan Korea Singapore
See map of location Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport

City populations for 2012, Province statistics National Bureau of Statistics 2014

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