Map of Guizhou,China map, Guizhou map Sichuan Chongqing Hunan Yunnan Guangxi Hubei

Guizhou Province

Name (guì zhōu) ['precious' 'region'] Old Name Kweichow WG
Population35.051 million (2.55 %) [19th] comparison table
Area174,000 km2 [67,181 mile2] (1.81 %) [16th]
GDP26,393 (3.70 %) [33rd last]
Position of Guizhou in China
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Google map of Guizhou
Beijing Tianjin Shanghai Hong Kong Xinjiang Tibet Qinghai Gansu Inner Mongolia Heilongjiang Jilin Liaoning Yunnan Sichuan Guangxi Hainan Taiwan Guangdong Guizhou Chongqing Ningxia Shandong Fujian Zhejiang Shaanxi Shanxi Hebei Henan Hunan Hubei Jiangxi Anhui Jiangsu


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Guizhou is a mountainous southern province somewhat off the beaten track. It has high mountains in the west that step down gradually towards the east of the province. It stands on the watershed between rivers flowing north to the Yangzi and south to the Yu (Pearl) river. As in neighboring Guangxi there is a great deal of karst (limestone) scenery. Many different ethnic people (including Miao; Buyei; Dong; Yi; Shui and Gelao) live in isolated rural communities scattered among the mountains; in these communities local languages are more commonly spoken than Mandarin Chinese. The wide range of traditions give a good many opportunities to hold rural festivals including Sanyuesan Festival ; Sisters' Rice Festival and Shui New Year [held in September] .

Guizhou, mountains, view
Morning mists lift from Guizhou landscape

Over the centuries Han people have settled in the north and east of Guizhou, forcing the indigenous people to move to the mountains. In January 1934 the Zunyi Conference was held here during the Long March at which Mao Zedong became the leader of the Communists. Development really started during the Japanese occupation when neighboring Chongqing became the capital of Free China. Even so, as late as the 1980s 50% of the villages still had no road to them. Recently some industry has developed including coal mining and hydro-electric power generation but development compared to its neighboring provinces has been slow. It has served as an example of the limits of centralized economic planning.

Guizhou, terraces, fields, view
Landscape of terraced fields in Guizhou


Guiyang, at the center of Guizhou province is the largest city. Beset by moist air, sunshine here is at a premium leading to the city's name which transliterates as 'precious sun'. Qianling Shan Park to the north of the city center has many shrines set in woodland. Guiyang still has some restaurants that serve dog meat as a specialty. Jiaxia Lou is a Ming pavilion converted into a tea-house.

Guizhou, waterfall
The famous Huangguoshu Falls in Guizhou

Places to visit

The scenic splendor of Guizhou makes the province a little known gem for visitors. The best known spot is the Huangguoshu Waterfalls to the south-west of Guiyang. It is the largest waterfall in China, there are nine 'falls' of level; eight cataracts and one large waterfall. It is possible to view the waterfall as a curtain from behind. The falls are on the Baihe ‘White River’ which flows south by many twists and turns before joining the Pearl River which eventually empties into the South China Sea. The 66 feet [20 meters] wide river falls 197 feet [60 meters] with great force into Rhinoceros Pool. It is best to time your visit to avoid the dry season that runs from November to April. There is a cavern nearby bristling with stalactites.

Other sites to visit in Guizhou include the Wuyang River ; Anshun with its batik textile industry and Longgong Caves . Weining in the far west of Guizhou is famous for its minority festivals and bird watching on Cao Hai . Chishui in the north has nature reserves along the river. Zhaoxing to the south east has villages of the Dong minority people with their distinctive wooden houses.

Guizhou, village, minority people
An old village inhabited by Dong minority people in Guizhou


Guizhou has hot, humid summers and short cool winters. Where the mountainous terrain makes possible, tobacco; tea; rapeseed are grown. The Chinese Gooseberry (Kiwi fruit) is a native plant along with many unusual plants that are used in traditional medicine. Maotai Liquor is distilled from a wheat and sorghum base; it is famous throughout China and beyond. Qian cuisine is the dominant style and balances hot; spicy and sour flavors.

Guizhou Climate

Temperature axisClimate ChartRainfall axis
Climate chart for Guizhou
Both Temp Rainfall ° C/mms ° F/ins Key
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Major CitiesPopulation
Guiyang 1,549,800
Zunyi 352,504


Guiyang Longdongbao International Airport 贵阳龙洞堡国际机场 KWE IATA / ZUGY ICAO
The airport has 1 terminal and is located 6.8 miles (11.0 kms) from Guiyang
See map of location Guiyang Longdongbao International Airport
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Citation information: Chinasage, 'Guizhou, China', last updated 12 Oct 2015, Web,

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