|Name||吉林 (jí lín) ['lucky' 'forest'] Old Name Kirin WG|
|Population||27.518 million (2.00 %) [21st] comparison table|
|Area||187,000 km2 [72,201 mile2] (1.95 %) [13th]|
|GDP||50,162 (5.52 %) [13th]|
Jilin is part of 'Manchuria' the north-eastern region of China. The name ‘Jilin’ comes from the Manchu word for the Songhua river ‘Jilinwula’. It was part of the ancient Korean kingdom of Goguryeo ➚ before Jilin was conquered during the Chinese Han dynasty. The General's Tomb ➚ at Ji'an is a monument dating to this period. Jilin reached its greatest geographical extent during Qing dynasty times, the lands east of the Wusuli (Ussuri) River on the north Pacific were under its control, including Hǎishēnwǎi (Vladivostok) and even Sakhalin island to the north of Japan. These lands were given up to the Russians in the Amur Annexation ➚ (1858-60). Rapid industrial development began under the Japanese occupation when it was part of the kingdom of Manchuguo (Manchukuo WG) 1933-45. The mountainous south eastern region that borders North Korea is home to a high proportion of Korean ethnic people. In the north-west lies a plain with rich agricultural land producing much corn and soy beans. It also has fine pasture that produces fine sheep and cattle. Around Tonghua in the south east the mountains provide ideal conditions for growing vines.
Changchun, Jilin's largest industrial city, is famous for its car and truck factories. It has the former palace of the last Qing emperor Puyi who was set up as Manchuguo's ruler; at this time Changchun was known as ‘Xinjing’ (New Capital). Jilin City to the east of Changchun is important for industry - three large chemical plants were built in 1949. It is the site of the Wenmiao ➚ Confucian Temple. The ski resort at Songhua Lake attests to the cold winter weather in the province. It is also renowned for the frost covered trees which are produced when ice droplets form from the mist created by a nearby hydro-electric plant.
Ji'an on the Yalu River was the capital of the Korean Goguryeo kingdom and is now the border crossing into North Korea. There are tombs and other remains as evidence of the old Korean kingdom and ethnic Koreans predominate. Lake Tian (Heavenly Lake) is a scenic spot in the far south. It is an old volcanic crater lake and straddles the border of Jilin with North Korea. The Longtan Deer farm ➚ is a popular tourist attraction nearby. Tianchi is within the Changbai (forever white) mountain range which has thick snow cover in winter. The mountainous terrain and forests are still home to snow leopards and tigers. This area produces considerable quantities of the medicinal herb ginseng.
Jilin has a very cold winter climate; the north-western part is on a flat plain and has fertile agricultural land.
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