Here we list all China's main airports, giving information on location, facilities and easy to use distance calculator so you can plan a complex itinerary around China. We also give useful visitor information about air transport in China.
Jilin is part of ’Manchuria’ the north-eastern region of China. The name ‘Jilin’ comes from the Manchu word for the Songhua river ‘Jilinwula’. It was part of the ancient Korean kingdom of Goguryeo ➚ before Jilin was conquered during the Chinese Han dynasty. The General's Tomb ➚ at Ji'an is a monument dating to this period.
Jilin reached its greatest geographical extent during Qing dynasty times, the lands east of the Wusuli (Ussuri) River on the north Pacific were under its control, including Hǎishēnwǎi (Vladivostok) and even Sakhalin island to the north of Japan. These lands were given up to the Russians in the Amur Annexation ➚ (1858-60). Rapid industrial development began under the Japanese occupation when it was part of the kingdom of Manchuguo (Manchukuo WG) 1933-45.
The mountainous south eastern region that borders North Korea is home to a high proportion of Korean ethnic people. In the north-west lies a plain of rich agricultural land producing much corn and soy beans. It also has fine pasture for sheep and cattle. Around Tonghua in the south east the mountains provide ideal conditions for growing vines.
The cultivation of rice for food has been carried out in China for the last 10,000 years. Over this time about 50,000 different varieties have been bred selectively for every possible soil and climate type. Recently it has proved cheaper to import rice rather than grow it in China, so rather surprisingly China is a major importer of this staple food.
Changchun, Jilin's largest industrial city, is famous for its car and truck factories. It has the former palace of the last Qing emperor Puyi who was set up as Manchuguo's ruler; at this time Changchun was known as ‘Xinjing’ (New Capital).
Jilin City to the east of Changchun is important for industry - three large chemical plants were built in 1949. It is the site of the Wenmiao ➚Confucian Temple. The ski resort at Songhua Lake attests to the cold winter weather in the province. It is also renowned for the frost covered trees which are produced when ice droplets form from the mist created by a nearby hydro-electric plant.
The foundations of a new major tourist attraction have been laid of an ambitious $1 billion project. The new Titanic is located far inland - on the Qijiang River, Sichuan. The builders are planning to honor the blockbuster film 'Titanic' ➚ rather than the original doomed maiden voyage of 1912. Some of the key rooms and cabins will be faithfully recreated but not all of them. It is due to be open for visitors by the end of 2017.
Ji'an on the Yalu River was the capital of the Korean Goguryeo kingdom and is now the border crossing into North Korea. There are tombs and other remains as evidence of the old Korean kingdom and ethnic Korean people predominate.
Lake Tian (Heavenly Lake) is a scenic spot in the far south. It is an old volcanic crater lake and straddles the border of Jilin with North Korea. The Longtan Deer farm ➚ is a popular tourist attraction nearby. Tianchi is within the Changbai (forever white) mountain range which has thick snow cover in winter. The mountainous terrain and forests are still home to snow leopards and tigers. This area produces considerable quantities of the medicinal herb ginseng.
Jilin has a very cold winter climate; the north-western part is on a flat plain and has fertile agricultural land.
Crater lake, Tian chi on the border of China and North Korea
After re-organizations in 1948 the Shenyang site was chosen for the North-eastern Administration College. It became Jilin University in 2000 after merging with other local higher education establishments. It covers all the main disciplines but is reknowned for engineering subjects and natural sciences.. Undergraduates: 43024, Postgraduates: 24021, International students: 1272, GP World ranking 455