Map of Jilin Heilongjiang Liaoning Inner Mongolia Russia North Korea

Jilin Province

Name ( lín) ['lucky' 'forest'] Old Name Kirin WG
CapitalChangchun
Population27.518 million (2.00 %) [21st] comparison table
Area187,000 km2 [72,201 mile2] (1.95 %) [13th]
GDP50,162 (5.52 %) [13th]
Position of Jilin in China
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Google map of Jilin
Beijing Tianjin Shanghai Hong Kong Xinjiang Tibet Qinghai Gansu Inner Mongolia Heilongjiang Jilin Liaoning Yunnan Sichuan Guangxi Hainan Taiwan Guangdong Guizhou Chongqing Ningxia Shandong Fujian Zhejiang Shaanxi Shanxi Hebei Henan Hunan Hubei Jiangxi Anhui Jiangsu

Neighbors

Liaoning Heilongjiang North Korea Inner Mongolia Russia

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Jilin is part of 'Manchuria' the north-eastern region of China. The name ‘Jilin’ comes from the Manchu word for the Songhua river ‘Jilinwula’. It was part of the ancient Korean kingdom of Goguryeo before Jilin was conquered during the Chinese Han dynasty. The General's Tomb at Ji'an is a monument dating to this period. Jilin reached its greatest geographical extent during Qing dynasty times, the lands east of the Wusuli (Ussuri) River on the north Pacific were under its control, including Hǎishēnwǎi (Vladivostok) and even Sakhalin island to the north of Japan. These lands were given up to the Russians in the Amur Annexation (1858-60). Rapid industrial development began under the Japanese occupation when it was part of the kingdom of Manchuguo (Manchukuo WG) 1933-45. The mountainous south eastern region that borders North Korea is home to a high proportion of Korean ethnic people. In the north-west lies a plain with rich agricultural land producing much corn and soy beans. It also has fine pasture that produces fine sheep and cattle. Around Tonghua in the south east the mountains provide ideal conditions for growing vines.

Jilin, Changchun, lake
South lake park, Changchun city, Jilin Copyright © Dreamstime see image license
Jilin, Changbai, tree
Forest in the Changbai Mountains, Jilin

Places to visit in Jilin

Changchun, Jilin's largest industrial city, is famous for its car and truck factories. It has the former palace of the last Qing emperor Puyi who was set up as Manchuguo's ruler; at this time Changchun was known as ‘Xinjing’ (New Capital). Jilin City to the east of Changchun is important for industry - three large chemical plants were built in 1949. It is the site of the Wenmiao Confucian Temple. The ski resort at Songhua Lake attests to the cold winter weather in the province. It is also renowned for the frost covered trees which are produced when ice droplets form from the mist created by a nearby hydro-electric plant.

Jilin, Rime island, ice
Rime Island, Jilin in Winter

Ji'an on the Yalu River was the capital of the Korean Goguryeo kingdom and is now the border crossing into North Korea. There are tombs and other remains as evidence of the old Korean kingdom and ethnic Koreans predominate. Lake Tian (Heavenly Lake) is a scenic spot in the far south. It is an old volcanic crater lake and straddles the border of Jilin with North Korea. The Longtan Deer farm is a popular tourist attraction nearby. Tianchi is within the Changbai (forever white) mountain range which has thick snow cover in winter. The mountainous terrain and forests are still home to snow leopards and tigers. This area produces considerable quantities of the medicinal herb ginseng.

Jilin has a very cold winter climate; the north-western part is on a flat plain and has fertile agricultural land.

Jilin, Changbai, lake, view
Crater lake, Tian chi on the border of China and North Korea

Jilin Climate

Temperature axisClimate ChartRainfall axis
Climate chart for Jilin
Both Temp Rainfall ° C/mms ° F/ins Key
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Major CitiesPopulation
Changchun 2,541,700
Gongzhuling 358,668
Jilin City 1,283,000
Liaoyuan 386,844
Shuangliao 386,844
Siping 392,581
Tonghua 389,701
Yanji 345,077

Airports

Changchun Longjia International Airport 长春龙嘉国际机场 CGQ IATA / ZYCC ICAO
The airport has 1 terminal and is located 19.3 miles (31.0 kms) from Changchun
International Links to :Japan Korea
See map of location Changchun Longjia International Airport

Universities

Jilin University

After re-organizations in 1948 the Shenyang site was chosen for the North-eastern Administration College. It became Jilin University in 2000 after merging with other local higher education establishments. It covers all the main disciplines but is reknowned for engineering subjects and natural sciences.. Undergraduates: 43024, Postgraduates: 24021, International students: 1272, GP World ranking 455
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