In this section on modern history of China we cover the last one hundred years. Our History section gives full coverage of the dynastic period from earliest times. The Republic of China was founded on January 1st 1912, and we include pages on the Peoples Republic that was founded in 1949, the leaders of the P.R.C. and also the unique system of Chinese government. Looking both backwards and forwards there is coverage of China's ambitious program of space exploration; some musings on China's likely future trajectory, its economy and that formative experience for the founding the P.R.C. : the May 4th movement and the Long March.