Xinjiang Tibet Qinghai Gansu Yunnan Sichuan Inner Mongolia Heilongjiang Guangxi Jilin Hainan Guangdong Ningxia Liaoning Guizhou Chongqing Hunan Fujian Jiangxi Zhejiang Shaanxi Hubei Anhui Jiangsu Shanxi Henan Shandong Hebei Beijing Tianjin Mongolia (Country) Korea (North and South) Countries Kazakhstan (Country) Kyrgyzstan (Country) Afghanistan (Country) Tajikistan (Country) Pakistan (Country) Russia (Country) India (Country) Nepal (Country) Bhutan (Country) Laos (Country) Myanmar / Burma (Country) Vietnam (Country) Taiwan Japan Shanghai Hong Kong Macau
All China provinces
selected province

Here are all the Chinese provinces. You can click on the column header to sort the table; click on the province to select it in the table and map, or Double Click to go to the province's full information page.

Other pages in this section cover the countries that surround China; information on all the principal cities; airports; visitor attractions; universities; the ethnicity of the people of China; thoughts about China's future and China's climate. As well as a detailed page on each individual province (including a map) are other pages describing the geography and historical features of China: the Yellow River; Yangzi River; Great Wall and the Silk Road.


NameChineseShortCapitalPopulationAreaDensityGDPLiteracyEthnicityInformation
Tibet西藏zàng Lhasa3.11,2302.5629,25262.23%46%details map
Jilin吉林Changchun27.5187147.1650,16298.08%9%details map
Beijing北京jīng Beijing City21.3171254.8299,99598.30%4%details map
Zhejiang浙江zhè Hangzhou55.0102539.5172,96794.38%10%details map
Anhui安徽wǎn Hefei60.6140432.6034,42591.66%1%details map
Hunan湖南xiāng Changsha67.1212316.6940,28797.33%10%details map
Shanxi山西jìn Taiyuan36.4156233.2635,06497.87%0%details map
Hebei河北Shijiazhuang73.6188391.3939,98497.39%4%details map
Shandong山东Jinan97.6157621.7560,87995.03%1%details map
Henan河南Zhengzhou100.4167601.0634,80895.75%1%details map
Yunnan云南diān Kunming47.0394119.3027,26493.97%17%details map
Xinjiang新疆xīn Urumqi22.81,60014.2640,60797.64%7%details map
Guangxi广西guì Nanning47.4237199.8533,09097.29%38%details map
Guangdong广东yuè Guangzhou106.8178600.2263,45298.04%2%details map
Sichuan四川chuān Chengdu81.2485167.5035,12894.56%5%details map
Jiangxi江西gàn Nanchang45.3167271.3934,66096.87%0%details map
Shaanxi陕西shǎn Xi'an37.7206182.9946,92896.26%1%details map
Hainan海南qióng Haikou9.034264.5338,92495.92%17%details map
Fujian褔健mǐn Fuzhou37.9122310.6663,47297.56%2%details map
Jiangsu江苏Nanjing79.5103771.8381,87496.19%0%details map
Liaoning辽宁liáo Shenyang43.9146300.7365,19898.07%16%details map
Hubei湖北è Wuhan58.1186312.2347,12495.42%4%details map
Guizhou贵洲qián Guiyang35.1174201.4426,39391.26%38%details map
Chongqing重庆Chongqing City29.882363.5047,85995.70%7%details map
Gansu甘肃gān Lanzhou25.945456.9726,42791.31%9%details map
Heilongjiang黑龙江hēi Harbin38.346981.7539,22697.94%5%details map
Macau澳门ào Macau City0.61636.20513,42791.30%8%details map
Inner Mongolia内蒙古měng Hohhot25.01,20020.8471,04495.93%21%details map
Ningxia宁夏níng Yinchuan6.66699.6841,83493.78%35%details map
Qinghai青海qīng Xining5.87208.0639,63389.77%46%details map
Shanghai上海Shanghai City24.264034.0097,34397.26%1%details map
Tianjin天津jīn Tianjin City14.9111358.64105,20297.90%3%details map
Hong Kong香港gǎng Hong Kong City7.317264.00253,51393.50%6%details map

Click on a row to select the province and highlight it in the map. Click on a column header to sort the provinces by that column. Here is a key to the information displayed in the table:
ChineseThe province name in Chinese
CapitalThe capital city of the province
ShortThe short name for the province in Chinese
PopulationThe population of the province in millions ((National Bureau of Statistics 2014)
AreaThe land area of the province in square kilometers (Goddard 1997)
DensityThe number of people per square kilometer i.e. (Population/Area)
GDPGross Domestic Product in Chinese Yuan of the province per person (National Bureau of Statistics 2014)
LiteracyProportion of people who can read and write (Bureau of Statistics of the PRC 2010)
EthnicityPercentage of people who are not Han Chinese (China Statistical Yearbook 2007)
InformationLink to a full description of the province and also to a Google map of the province.

China

China flag
Name (zhōng guó) ['centre' 'country']
CapitalBeijing
Population1,375 million (2015 est.)
Area9,597,000 km2
GDP10,360 billion US$ (2014)

China, home to 1 in 5 of all humanity, is the most populous country in the world and the third largest in land area after Russia and Canada; slightly ahead of the U.S.A. and Europe. It is divided into 33 administrative regions (22 provinces; 4 metropolitan municipalities; 5 autonomous regions and 2 special autonomous regions). The map of provinces shows the geographical division of China into provinces. We also have a map of each distinct geographic region of China. Geographically the Yellow and Yangzi rivers act as boundaries, thoroughfares and water sources for the majority of Chinese people.

Climate

China is a very varied country with high mountains in the south-west; arid deserts in the north and north-west; tropical rainforests in the far south-west and snowfields in the north-east. It is dominated by two large rivers: the Yellow River in the north and the Yangzi in the center, both flowing east into the East China Sea. It is subject to climactic extremes, from tropical uniformity in the far south to harsh, long, cold winters in the far north. Most rain falls on the eastern and south-eastern areas during hot and humid summers. Please refer to our Climate and Geography guides for further details.

China's People

China population Read all about China's huge population over the centuries and the 'One Child Policy' measure taken to curb the recent growth.

Population is densest on the South China Plain formed by a triangle from Beijing (Hebei) to Luoyang (Henan) to Shanghai. Apart from that main triangular area, Sichuan; Chongqing and the southern coast are also heavily populated. As early as 1830 the population already stood at 395 million; it passed the 1 billion mark in 1982 and now the total population stands at 1,375 million. China has always been densely populated compared to other countries, reaching about a third of the total world population at times. The density varies widely from the 'average' of 130 people per km2, from over 3,000 in Shanghai to 2 over the vast empty lands of Tibet. The one child policy instituted in 1979 has halted the rapid increase and China's population is stabilizing, it is likely to be overtaken by India as the most populous nation in a few decades. The proportion of men to women is 119 to 100 and there are concerns about the surplus of boys who will remain unmarried. For much more on this topic please refer to our China's population section.

The Han Chinese are the dominant people, but in the border provinces indigenous people predominate. The five autonomous regions of China (Tibet; Xinjiang; Guangxi; Ningxia and Inner Mongolia) give these areas limited relaxation of central control. It is the people that make up a country, and there are a surprising number of minority peoples that have all contributed their own cultural influence. For all about the different nationalities that make up China please read more in our Peoples of China section.

China's Neighbors

China has a land border with a total of 14 neighboring countries. The history of the relations with China's neighbors reveals much about China itself. We detail each of China's 14 neighboring countries. Japan and Taiwan stand out as historically significant neighbors and we cover the history of their special relations with China.

Man made Geography

Historically the Great Wall defines the north wall country of China as much as anything, it is even mentioned in the National Anthem. The world's longest canal, Grand Canal knits together the important rivers and cities as they flow east to the Sea. When contact with Central Asia and Europe took the over-land route it was the Silk Road into China that carried the goods through the natural gateway into Gansu.

Geology

China has an extremely diverse geology. The land now forming China is made up of a number of tectonic plates that have fused over the billions of years of Earth's history. The varied geology gives a wide variety of soil types for agriculture and extensive deposits of minerals; oil and gas.

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Geographic terms

The names of Chinese provinces, cities and regions use common elements that are helpful to know when touring China and interpreting maps.

chéng shìCity or large town
chéng zhènTown
chíSmall lake; pond or pool
chì lǔ斥卤Saline marsh; salt marsh
cūn ziVillage
daǒAn Island. The character is a representation of a bird on a mountain. As in Qingdao , Shandong.
dì túMap or chart
dòngA cave or cavern
fēngPeak or summit of a mountain. As in Chifeng 赤峰, Inner Mongolia
gāo yuánPlateau
gōng lùHighway; public road
gōng yuánPublic recreational park
gōuRavine or gully
haǐSea. As in Haimen , Jiangsu and Qinghai
haǐ yángOcean (vast sea)
haǐ tānBeach
River. As in Shihezi , Xinjiang
huǒ shānVolcano. Literally 'fire mountain'.
Lake. As in Wuhu , Anhui
jiāngLarge river. As in Lijiang , Yunnan
pù bù瀑布Waterfall
sēn línForest. The two characters are made up of five 'trees'.
shā mò沙漠Desert
shānMountain. As in Foshan , Guangdong
shān gǔValley
shān màiMountain Range
shěngProvince
shìCity
shù línWoodland
shuǐWater. As in Tianshui , Gansu
shuǐ kùWaterfall (literally 'water storehouse')
tánPool or pond. As in Xiangtan 湘潭, Hunan
tiě lùRailway; railroad (literally 'iron road')
Stream; brook. As in Benxi , Liaoning
xiáGorge; deep ravine
xiànCounty (administrative division)
xiaǒ lùPath; footpath
yángThe 'sunny side' of yin-yang so quite often a component of city names open to the sun. As in Shaoyang , Hunan
yùn héCanal
zhaǒ zéSwamp or marshland.
zhènSmall town
zhōuPrefecture (administrative division). As in Xuzhou , Jiangsu; Guangzhou 广, Guangdong
zì zhì qūAutonomous region of minority people.
dragon, graphic
A dragon design for a box of Moon cakes
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Citation information: Chinasage, 'China's Provinces', last updated 15 Oct 2015, Web, http://www.chinasage.info/provinces.htm.

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