Xinjiang Tibet Qinghai Gansu Yunnan Sichuan Inner Mongolia Heilongjiang Guangxi Jilin Hainan Guangdong Ningxia Liaoning Guizhou Chongqing Hunan Fujian Jiangxi Zhejiang Shaanxi Hubei Anhui Jiangsu Shanxi Henan Shandong Hebei Beijing Tianjin Mongolia (Country) Korea (North and South) Countries Kazakhstan (Country) Kyrgyzstan (Country) Afghanistan (Country) Tajikistan (Country) Pakistan (Country) Russia (Country) India (Country) Nepal (Country) Bhutan (Country) Laos (Country) Myanmar / Burma (Country) Vietnam (Country) Taiwan Japan Shanghai Hong Kong Macau
All China provinces
selected province

Here are all the Chinese provinces. You can click on the column header to sort the table; click on the province to select it in the table and map, or Double Click to go to the province's full information page.

Other pages in this section cover the country of China, the countries that surround China; information on all the principal cities; airports; visitor attractions; universities; the ethnicity of the people of China; thoughts about China's future and China's climate. As well as a detailed page on each individual province (including a map) are other pages describing the geography and historical features of China: the Yellow River; Yangzi River; Great Wall and the Silk Road.


NameChineseShortCapitalPopulationAreaDensityGDPLiteracyEthnicityInformation
Tibet西藏zàng Lhasa3.11,2302.5629,25262.23%46%details map
Jilin吉林Changchun27.5187147.1650,16298.08%9%details map
Beijing北京jīng Beijing City21.3171254.8299,99598.30%4%details map
Zhejiang浙江zhè Hangzhou55.0102539.5172,96794.38%10%details map
Anhui安徽wǎn Hefei60.6140432.6034,42591.66%1%details map
Hunan湖南xiāng Changsha67.1212316.6940,28797.33%10%details map
Shanxi山西jìn Taiyuan36.4156233.2635,06497.87%0%details map
Hebei河北Shijiazhuang73.6188391.3939,98497.39%4%details map
Shandong山东Jinan97.6157621.7560,87995.03%1%details map
Henan河南Zhengzhou100.4167601.0634,80895.75%1%details map
Yunnan云南diān Kunming47.0394119.3027,26493.97%17%details map
Xinjiang新疆xīn Urumqi22.81,60014.2640,60797.64%7%details map
Guangxi广西guì Nanning47.4237199.8533,09097.29%38%details map
Guangdong广东yuè Guangzhou106.8178600.2263,45298.04%2%details map
Sichuan四川chuān Chengdu81.2485167.5035,12894.56%5%details map
Jiangxi江西gàn Nanchang45.3167271.3934,66096.87%0%details map
Shaanxi陕西shǎn Xi'an37.7206182.9946,92896.26%1%details map
Hainan海南qióng Haikou9.034264.5338,92495.92%17%details map
Fujian褔健mǐn Fuzhou37.9122310.6663,47297.56%2%details map
Jiangsu江苏Nanjing79.5103771.8381,87496.19%0%details map
Liaoning辽宁liáo Shenyang43.9146300.7365,19898.07%16%details map
Hubei湖北è Wuhan58.1186312.2347,12495.42%4%details map
Guizhou贵洲qián Guiyang35.1174201.4426,39391.26%38%details map
Chongqing重庆Chongqing City29.882363.5047,85995.70%7%details map
Gansu甘肃gān Lanzhou25.945456.9726,42791.31%9%details map
Heilongjiang黑龙江hēi Harbin38.346981.7539,22697.94%5%details map
Macau澳门ào Macau City0.61636.20513,42791.30%8%details map
Inner Mongolia内蒙古měng Hohhot25.01,20020.8471,04495.93%21%details map
Ningxia宁夏níng Yinchuan6.66699.6841,83493.78%35%details map
Qinghai青海qīng Xining5.87208.0639,63389.77%46%details map
Shanghai上海Shanghai City24.264034.0097,34397.26%1%details map
Tianjin天津jīn Tianjin City14.9111358.64105,20297.90%3%details map
Hong Kong香港gǎng Hong Kong City7.317264.00253,51393.50%6%details map

Click on a row to select the province and highlight it in the map. Click on a column header to sort the provinces by that column. Here is a key to the information displayed in the table:
ChineseThe province name in Chinese
CapitalThe capital city of the province
ShortThe short name for the province in Chinese
PopulationThe population of the province in millions ((National Bureau of Statistics 2014)
AreaThe land area of the province in square kilometers (Goddard 1997)
DensityThe number of people per square kilometer i.e. (Population/Area)
GDPGross Domestic Product in Chinese Yuan of the province per person (National Bureau of Statistics 2014)
LiteracyProportion of people who can read and write (Bureau of Statistics of the PRC 2010)
EthnicityPercentage of people who are not Han Chinese (China Statistical Yearbook 2007)
InformationLink to a full description of the province and also to a Google map of the province.

Geographic terms

The names of Chinese provinces, cities and regions use common elements that are helpful to know when touring China and interpreting maps.

chéng shìCity or large town
chéng zhènTown
chíSmall lake; pond or pool
chì lǔ斥卤Saline marsh; salt marsh
cūn ziVillage
daǒAn Island. The character is a representation of a bird on a mountain. As in Qingdao , Shandong.
dì túMap or chart
dòngA cave or cavern
fēngPeak or summit of a mountain. As in Chifeng 赤峰, Inner Mongolia
gāo yuánPlateau
gōng lùHighway; public road
gōng yuánPublic recreational park
gōuRavine or gully
haǐSea. As in Haimen , Jiangsu and Qinghai
haǐ yángOcean (vast sea)
haǐ tānBeach
River. As in Shihezi , Xinjiang
huǒ shānVolcano. Literally 'fire mountain'.
Lake. As in Wuhu , Anhui
jiāngLarge river. As in Lijiang , Yunnan
pù bù瀑布Waterfall
sēn línForest. The two characters are made up of five 'trees'.
shā mò沙漠Desert
shānMountain. As in Foshan , Guangdong
shān gǔValley
shān màiMountain Range
shěngProvince
shìCity
shù línWoodland
shuǐWater. As in Tianshui , Gansu
shuǐ kùWaterfall (literally 'water storehouse')
tánPool or pond. As in Xiangtan 湘潭, Hunan
tiě lùRailway; railroad (literally 'iron road')
Stream; brook. As in Benxi , Liaoning
xiáGorge; deep ravine
xiànCounty (administrative division)
xiaǒ lùPath; footpath
yángThe 'sunny side' of yin-yang so quite often a component of city names open to the sun. As in Shaoyang , Hunan
yùn héCanal
zhaǒ zéSwamp or marshland.
zhènSmall town
zhōuPrefecture (administrative division). As in Xuzhou , Jiangsu; Guangzhou 广, Guangdong
zì zhì qūAutonomous region of minority people.
China sage book January 2015. Chinasage is now available in convenient eBook format. Click here for details.
Yellow River

Yellow River

China

The valley of the mighty Yellow River was the cradle of Chinese civilization. The heavy load of silt that turns the waters 'yellow' creates rich farming land in the lower stretches. It is the second longest river in China after the Yangzi River.
Wed 17th May

Belt and Road Initiative

Spending a trillion dollars (yes $1,000 billion) is a serious investment. China’s big idea is to open up the country for much wider trade. The primary focus is to develop stronger links with Central Asian countries on the route of the old Silk Road. However the initiative seems all embracing as even New Zealand, hardly on the Silk Road is keen to be involved. The idea is for both an overland ‘Silk Road Economic Belt’ (China to Europe) and a ‘21st century Maritime Road’ (China through the Indian Ocean to Africa and then north to Egypt). This has been shortened to ‘One belt one road’ or ‘Belt and Road’ or just ‘OBOR’ for short.

It is hard to work out exactly what the initiative is all about, there seem to be several factors and motives. One is that President Trump has continued to threaten China with extra tariffs to protect U.S. jobs from cheap Chinese imports. If China can open up new markets for her exports she will not be as badly hit by any protectionist measures. The U.S. continues to have a huge balance of payments deficit with China, in March 2017 the U.S. exported $9.6bn but imported $34.2bn. China’s heavy dependence on sales into the U.S. is a problem that needed to be fixed. In 2015 China’s main trade partners were: United States $457bn, Hong Kong $273bn, Japan $152bn, Germany $97.4bn and South Korea $90.1bn. Shifting trade to new countries will strengthen and stabilize China’s economy.

Many analysts also point to the problems of over-capacity in China. Just looking at total imports and exports is too crude a measure, the real problem is that China’s growth rate has slowed and the excess capacity in building related industries (steel, cement, construction) need new markets. If China can kick-start economic development elsewhere in the world she solves two problems at once - over-capacity at home and opening up new markets abroad. The China Communications Construction Group has already agreed deals worth up $40 billion in contracts with ‘Belt and Road’ countries. Sinking so much money in loans that may never be repaid is quite a risk. Venezuela now owes China $65bn and is not in a position to repay. Analysts consider such a huge project will be impossible to manage effectively and huge amounts are likely to be misappropriated.

The initiative comes at a particularly opportune time for the U.K.. Always keen on free trade and instinctively anti-protectionist the U.K. has more to gain than most other countries. With difficult talks ahead on exit of the E.U. trading block the opening up of possible deals with China all over the world is very appealing. U.K. politicians have been very keen to promote the initiative and use its undoubted trading expertise to jointly open up new markets.

The initial proposals centered on the countries of central Asia - along the route of the old Silk Road out of China. The initiative is therefore a way of re-invigorating trading links that were active for a thousand years before trade moved to China’s southern ports. The vast bulk of Chinese development had been along the south and eastern coasts, the poorest inland provinces have been left well behind. Of particular importance is the troubled province of Xinjiang. Positioned on the fringes of China the province is more Central Asian than Chinese with a Muslim majority. With frequent terrorist attacks by separatists in the province, China struggles to keep tight control. Recently China has banned Muslim parents from giving their children Muslim names and is embarking on a system of DNA profiling of every citizen. With the ‘Belt and Road’ initiative deals with neighboring Central Asian states (Takjikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan) the increased economic activity should lessen instability in the region.

The key point is that China is changing from an inward to an outward-looking nation, no longer putting internal development as the top priority. With increased economic involvement comes political power too, and some hawkish observers see this as the first stage in the building of a new Chinese Empire.


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Citation information: Chinasage, 'China's Provinces', last updated 3 Dec 2016, Web, http://www.chinasage.info/provinces.htm.

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