Chinese History 历史 lì shǐ
The Song dynasty is a period of Chinese refinement and peace rather than military prowess. Great strides were taken in the creative arts and literature. Prosperity from the growing trade by sea rather than overland fueled the building of huge cities. The eventual conquest by the Mongol hordes brought the dynasty to a tragic close.
The institution of Emperor
, as head of the Chinese family of people, lasted for thousands of years and to some extent lives on in the Presidency. In China there has been great respect for the Emperor/President who in turn is expected to rule wisely with the best interests of his subjects in mind. To early European visitors to China the structure was considered close to the ideal form of society.
The silk road from China leading to India and through Central Asia to the Middle East was the longest trade route by land. It allowed early contact between the Roman Empire and China when silk was in much demand in Rome. The abandonment of the route led to a slow decline of the whole of northern China.
Most countries can look back to a few hundred years of continuous recorded history; China looks back to thousands of years. From earliest times an accurate account of events has been treasured by the Chinese, this is embodied in the character 史 shǐ ‘history’ which also has the meaning ‘impartial’. Chinese people know their heritage well and have a long tradition of revering their ancestors. A good knowledge of Chinese history is essential to understanding and relating to its people.
We include pages on all the main dynasties as well as significant events in Chinese history, up to the foundation of the Republic in 1912, including the Taiping Rebellion; coming of railways; the Imperial system; and the Opium Wars. We will continue to add further topics.
Click on the time chart on the left to go to a particular time period. Hover the mouse over a dynasty to pop-up a list of key dates during each dynasty and then click on it to go to a more detailed page.
You can also navigate between dynasties by clicking on the time bar at the top of each dynasty page.
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Citation information: Chinasage, 'China's long Imperial history', last updated 23 Nov 2016, Web, http://www.chinasage.info/history.htm.
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