China's Geography : its Mountains, Basins, Rivers and Plains

Tibetan Plateau Yunnan - Guizhou Plateau Inner Mongolian Plateau Loess Plateau Himalayan Mountains Altay Mountains Tianshan Mountains Kunlun Mountains Karakoram Mountains Qingling Mountains Nanling Mountains Changbai Mountains Khingan Mountains Hengduan Mountains Wuyi Shan Mountains Northeastern Plain North China Plain Tarim Basin Junggar Basin Sichuan Basin Shandong Peninsula
Geography of China

China is a very diverse country with many distinct geographical regions. It has deserts, high mountains, grasslands, tropical forests and almost every other geographical feature that you can think of.

The mountainous province of Tibet

The mountainous province of Tibet

China

The mountainous province of Tibet forms the highest possible land border between India and China. On the border with Nepal is the world's highest mountain: Mount Everest (or Qomolangma). Tibet's unique culture is a key attraction to visitors.

Years

The traditional cycle of astrological years is associated with twelve animals, each of these are combined with one of five elements to give a total cycle length of 60 years. The cycle of animals is rat; ox; tiger; rabbit; dragon; snake; horse; sheep; monkey; rooster; dog and pig.
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In terms of altitude the general rule is that the terrain falls in steps from the high Tibetan plateau in the south west to the flat North Coastal plain in the north east.

Three great rivers run vaguely west to east to divide the nation into three east-west zones, the Huang He (Yellow River); Chang Jiang (Yangzi River) and Yu Jiang (Pearl River). Northern China is dominated by flat plains and coastlines while Southern China is mountainous with a rocky coastline. The usual line taken to divide Northern from Southern China is the course of the Huai River which runs through Henan and Anhui. The lack of rain in Western China is one of the most important features of China's climate (see separate climate section).

Hover the mouse over an area in the map, an information box will pop-up with details of the regions of China.

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Citation information: Chinasage, 'Geography of China', last updated 21 Nov 2016, Web, http://www.chinasage.info/geography.htm.

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