Revolution Renewal [hexagram 49]

Yin line Yang - controlling line Yang line Yang line Yin line Yang line

Moulting of skin, change skins
Lake over
Metal Metal element

Mountain Water
Méng [4] Initiation; Immaturity
Fire Wind
Dǐng [50] Containment; Creation
Heaven Wind
Gòu [44] Reaction; Encountering

Lunar month: 3 ; Host or Controlling line : 5
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革: , , . Gé: sì rì nǎi fú, yuán hēng lì zhēn, huǐ wáng.

What takes place as indicated by Ge is believed in only after it has been accomplished. There will be great progress and success. Advantage will come from being firm and correct. (In that case) occasion for repentance will disappear.

: 革, 息, , , 革. ; 革. , , 革, . , 汤, , 革矣哉! Tuàn zhuàn: Gé, shuǐ huǒ xiāng xī, èr nǚ tóng jū, qí zhì bù xiāng dé, yuēgé. Sì rì nǎi fú; gé ér xìn yě. wén míng yǐ shuō, dà hēng yǐ zhèng, gé ér dāng, qí huǐ nǎi wáng. Tiān dìgé ér sì shí chéng, tāng wǔ gé mìng, shùn hū tiān ér yīng hū rén, gé zhī shí dà yǐ zāi!

In Ge (we see) water and fire extinguishing each other; (we see also) two daughters dwelling together, but with their minds directed to different objects: - (on account of these things) it is called (the hexagram of) Change. ‘It is believed in (only) after it has been accomplished:’ - when the change has been made, faith is accorded to it. (We have) cultivated intelligence (as the basis of) pleased satisfaction, (suggesting) ‘great progress and success,’ coming from what is correct. When change thus takes place in the proper way, ‘occasion for repentance disappears.’ Heaven and earth undergo their changes, and the four seasons complete their functions. Thang changed the appointment (of the line of Xia to the throne), and Wu (that of the line of Shang), in accordance with (the will of) Heaven, and in response to (the wishes of) men. Great indeed is what takes place in a time of change.

: , 革; . Xiàng zhuàn: Zé zhōng yǒu huǒ, gé; jūn zǐ yǐ zhì lì míng shí.

(The trigram representing the waters of) a marsh and that for fire in the midst of them form Ge. The superior man, in accordance with this, regulates his (astronomical) calculations, and makes clear the seasons and times.

young yin young yang young yang young yang young yin changing yang
I Ching transform
Xián [31] Reaction; Influence
: 巩革. Chū jiǔ: gǒng yòng huáng niú zhī gé.

The first ‘nine’, undivided, shows its subject (as if he were) bound with the skin of a yellow ox.

: 巩, . Xiàng zhuàn: Gǒng yòng huáng niú, bù kě yǐ yǒu wéi yě.

‘He is bound with (the skin of) a yellow ox:’ - he should in his circumstances be taking action.

young yin young yang young yang young yang changing yin young yang
I Ching transform
Guài [43] Eruption; Breakthrough
: , , . Liù èr: sì rì nǎi gé zhī, zhēng jí, wú jiù.

The second ‘six’, divided, shows its subject making his changes after some time has passed. Action taken will be fortunate. There will be no error.

: , . Xiàng zhuàn: Sì rì gé zhī, xíng yǒu jiā yě.

‘He makes his changes when some time has passed:’ - what he does will be matter of admiration.

young yin young yang young yang changing yang young yin young yang
I Ching transform
Suí [17] Sucession; Pursuit
: , , 革, . Jiǔ sān: zhēng xiōng, zhēn lì, gé yán sān jiù, yǒu fú.

The third ‘nine’, undivided, shows that action taken by its subject will be evil. Though he be firm and correct, his position is perilous. If the change (he contemplates) have been three times fully discussed, he will be believed in.

: 革, 矣. Xiàng zhuàn: Gé yán sān jiù, yòu hé zhī yǐ.

‘The change (contemplated) has been three times fully discussed:’ - to what else should attention (now) be directed?

young yin young yang changing yang young yang young yin young yang
I Ching transform
Jì jì [63] Consumation; Sated
: , , . Jiǔ sì: huǐ wáng, yǒu fú gǎi mìng, jí.

The fourth ‘nine’, undivided, shows occasion for repentance disappearing (from its subject). Let him be believed in; and though he change (existing) ordinances, there will be good fortune.

: 改, . Xiàng zhuàn: Gǎi mìng zhī jí, xìn zhì yě.

‘The good fortune consequent on changing (existing) ordinances’ is due to the faith reposed in his aims.

young yin changing yang young yang young yang young yin young yang
I Ching transform
Fēng [55] Abundance; Plentitude
: 变, . Jiǔ wǔ: dà ren hǔ biàn, wèi zhàn yǒu fú.

The fifth ‘nine’, undivided, shows the great man (producing his changes) as the tiger (does when he) changes (his stripes). Before he divines (and proceeds to action), faith has been reposed in him.

: 变, . Xiàng zhuàn: Dà ren hǔ biàn, qí wén bǐng yě.

‘The great man produces his changes as the tiger does when he changes his stripes:’ - their beauty becomes more brilliant.

changing yin young yang young yang young yang young yin young yang
I Ching transform
Tóng rén [13] Aggregation; Fellowship
: 豹变, , , . Shàng liù: jūn zǐ bào biàn, xiǎo rén gé miàn, zhēng xiōng, jū zhēn jí.

The sixth ‘six’, divided, shows the superior man producing his changes as the leopard (does when he) changes (his spots), while small men change their faces (and show their obedience). To go forward (now) would lead to evil, but there will be good fortune in abiding firm and correct.

: 豹变, . , . Xiàng zhuàn: Jūn zǐ bào biàn, qí wén wèi yě. Xiǎo rén gé miàn, shùn yǐ cóng jūn yě.

‘The superior man produces his changes as the leopard does when he changes his spots:’ - their beauty becomes more elegant. ‘Small men change their faces:’ - they show themselves prepared to follow their ruler.

This translation of the YiJing classic text uses the original Chinese including the Xiàng zhuàn commentary converted to modern simplified characters and pinyin. The English translation is based on William Legge (1899) which is now out of copyright. We have changed some wording and converted to American spelling. We hope to replace this with a more modern translation.

See also