February monthly Quiz

A monthly tough quiz of general history, traditions, geography questions for July
1. Early compasses were often made in the form of what?
needle
knife
ladle
feng shui, compass
Division of a traditional Feng Shui compass

2. Which three cities are considered the three furnaces of China?
Nanjing, Guangzhou and Tianjin
Nanjing, Chongqing and Wuhan
Beijing, Chongqing and Shanghai
Gobi desert, Inner Mongolia
Gobi Desert stretches into Inner Mongolia. August 2008
Image by Fir0002 available under a Creative Commons license

3. Emperor Yao is credited with which important innovation?
adopting Confucian doctrine
dams to control river flow
appointment on merit
emperor shun, legend, emperor
Emperor Shun performs divination in the palace. Made by Jiang Tingxi c.1725. Available under a Creative Commons License

4. The grand canal link used to originally link which city to Hangzhou?
Luoyang
Zhengzhou
Wuhan
grand canal, Zhejiang, bridge
Bridge over the Grand Canal, Hangzhou

5. Suzhou in Jiangsu province is famous for what?
gardens
tea
porcelain
bridge, Suzhou, Macartney, Alexander
A bridge near Suzhou. The Emperor commanded all bridges to give the embassy a military salute. The horseshoe shape was quite common around Suzhou. Painted by the official artist to the Macartney British Embassy to China 1793-94. Image by William Alexander available under a Creative Commons License

6. Which chemical element traditionally provided the red color for seals and inks?
iron
mercury
bismuth
Dao de jing, seal, Daoism, Gian Jinlin
A seal by Gian Jinlun (1888-1950) which uses text from the Dao de Jing (Tao Te Ching). Image by Cangjie6 available under a Creative Commons License

7. The Dawn Redwood is a living fossil which was 'rediscovered' in which province?
Yunnan
Tibet
Hubei
chinese wildlife,  dawn redwood,  Metasequoia glyptostroboides
Metasequoia glyptostroboides. May 2005. Image by Georges Jansoone available under a Creative Commons License

8. Dandong is on the major crossing point to which neighbouring country?
North Korea
Mongolia
Laos
Jilin, autumn
Autumn in Jilin

9. What was the 'Mukden incident' of 1931?
railway sabotage
outbreak of plague
airplane crash
Heilongjiang, Harbin, modern housing, view
Skyline of Harbin, Heilongjiang

10. Lady Hao was a military leader from which dynasty
Sui
Qing
Shang
Shang dynasty, tomb, Lady Hao, Henan
Tomb of Lady Fu Hao, Yinxu, Henan, China. Available under a Creative Commons License

11. During the Ming dynasty most paper was made from the leaves of which plant?
grass
mulberry tree
bamboo
paper making, paper
Stacks of handmade paper

12. Who is mostly attributed for taming the Yellow River?
Yellow Emperor
Yu the Great
Guan Di
Yellow river, waterfall, river
Hukou Waterfall on the Yellow River

13. The tulou houses of the Hakka people are mostly found in which province?
Anhui
Fujian
Hubei
Fujian, Tulou, lantern

14. Which of these items is not claimed as a Chinese invention?
wheelbarrow
porcelain
toothbrush
Temple of Heaven, Beijing, PKChina-19
Temple of Heaven, Beijing. September 2019. Image by Paul Kerswill

15. Pudong is a district of which major city?
Wuhan
Shanghai
Xi'an
Shanghai, Pudong, skyscraper
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