ér as well as; and so; and


Pictogram of a beard beneath a bottom lip
Number of strokes 6


Index 126

< Previous radical 125 lǎo Next radical 128 ěr >

Sounds same

ér (child) ér (legs)

Different tone

ěr (ear) ěr (thus) èr (two)

< Previous ér Next ěr >


Sound file kindly provided by shtooka.net under a Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike License

stroke order for 而
Stroke order for character 而, kindly provided under Wikimedia creative commons license


半途而废 bàn tú ér fèi To abandon work half way through
不告而别 bù gaò ér bié Leave without saying goodbye
焚林而畋,竭泽而渔 fén lín ěr tián, jié zé ěr yú Ignore the obvious consequences
顾左右而言他 gù zuǒ yòu ér yán tā Avoiding talking about something; taking a long digression
沐猴而冠 mù hóu ér guàn A worthless person hiding behind imposing looks. Trying to impress too hard
青出于蓝而胜于蓝 qīng chū yú lán ér shèng yú lán Wise schooling has produced excellence beyond the teacher. The follower has surpassed the master.
China sage book January 2015. Chinasage is now available in convenient eBook format. Click here for details.

Mental agility

Although the Chinese abacus has been abandoned in favor of the digital calculator there are still many Chinese children still learning how to use the abacus at night classes. This is because the mental skills required to use an abacus are important in developing mental arithmetic. A recent competition to find the fastest brain for computing a sum was won by people who had learned the abacus. Once the skill is gained it is fairly easy to compute complex sums by imagining carrying it out on an abacus. You could see this by noting how the winner's fingers twitch while they are computing.
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