Common Chinese characters

Here are all the characters that we describe in detail - more will be added soon. The remainder can be found in our online dictionary. They are ordered by the normal pinyin pronunciation in Mandarin.

A

á (what?) ǎi (low) ài (love) ān (peace) àn (bank) ǎo (jacket) ào (bay)

B

bā (eight) bā (to long for) bā (supposition or suggestion) bǎ (to hold) bà (father) bái (bright) bǎi (hundred) bǎn (board) bǎn (a register) bàn (half) bàn (to act) bāo (to cover) bǎo (jewel) bǎo (to eat till full) bào (to announce) bào (to hold) bēi (cup) běi (north) bèi (shell) běn (root) bǐ (pen) bié (to leave) bīng (ice) bīng (ice) bǐng (third in order) bǐng (both) bǔ (divination) bù (no; not) bù (a step)

C

cǎi (color) cài (vegetable) cǎo (grass) cǎo (grass) céng (once) chá (tea) chāng (prosperous) cháng (long) cháng (always) chǎng (cliff) chàng (to sing) chàng (to initiate) chē (vehicle) chéng (to succeed) chéng (city walls) chī (to eat) 齿 chǐ (tooth) chì (step) chóng (duplicate) chóng (insect) chóu (silk) chǒu (shameful) chū (go out) chū (at first) chuān (river) chuán (boat) chūn (spring) chuò (walking) cí (porcelain) cǐ (this) cōng (quick at hearing) cóng (from) cùn (unit of length)

D

dà (big) dāi (bad) dài (replace) dài (to respect) dān (to undertake) dǎn (the gall) dàn (birth) dàn (dawn) dàn (but) dāng (to be) dāo (knife) dǎo (fall) dǎo (island) dào (arrive) dào (road) de (of) dé (get) dé (virtue) děng (wait) dì (supreme ruler) dì (earth) dì (younger brother) dì (ordinal (1st,2nd)) diǎn (spot) diàn (inn) dīng (nail) dìng (to set) dìng (how) dōng (east) dōng (winter) dǒng (to understand) dòng (to use) dōu (all) dǒu (unit of weight) duì (right) duì (to cash) dùn (shield) duō (many)

Routledge Grammar:Basic Chinese

book cover If you want to go beyond speaking and writing 'tourist Chinese' you need a good grounding in Chinese grammar. This Routledge guide goes far beyond memorizing useful phrases and serves as an essential course if you want to speak Chinese well and understand Chinese text. All the Chinese is in both pinyin and characters. It does not include a dictionary section so you will need a dictionary in conjunction with the book.
More details...

E

è (evil) ér (child) ér (legs) ér (as well as) ěr (ear) ěr (thus) èr (two)

F

fā (to send out) fǎ (law) fà (hair) fǎn (contrary) fàn (food) fāng (square) fáng (house) fáng (to protect) 访 fǎng (to visit) fǎng (fine woven silk fabric) 仿 fǎng (to imitate) fàng (let go) fēi (fly) fēi (coffee) fēi (to not be) fěi (bandit) fēn (divide) fēn (numerous) fèn (portion) fēng (wind) fēng (to confer) fèng (phoenix) fū (husband) fú (blessing) fú (good fortune) fú (not) fù (woman) fù (father) fù (rich) fù ('left ear') fù (place)

G

gān (pleasant) gān (liver) gān (pole) gǎn (to overtake) gàn (do) gāng (ridge) gāng (hard) gāng (guiding principle) gǎng (harbor) gǎng (harbor) gāo (tall) gǎo (to do) 稿 gǎo (manuscript) gào (to tell) gē (spear) gē (elder brother) gē (song) gé (animal hide) gè ('of') gè (each) gěi (give) gēn (heel) gèn (stubborn) gèng (more) gōng (work) gōng (palace) gōng (public) gōng (accomplishment) gōng (bow) gōng (to provide) gǒng (two hands) gòng (common) gǒu (dog) gòu (to reach) gū (paternal aunt) gū (estimate) gǔ (ancient) gǔ (valley) gù (happening) gù (hard) guài (decisive) guān (shut) guān (official) guǎn (building) guāng (light) 广 guǎng (vast) guī (to return) guī (tortoise) guī (jade tablet) guǐ (ghost) guì (precious) gǔn (line) guō (pot) guó (country) guò (past)

H

hāi (sound of sighing) hái (still) hái (child) hǎi (sea) hài (12th earthly branch) hán (cold) hàn (chinese) hàn (perspiration) hǎo (good) hào (name) hē (drink) hé (river) hé (together) hé (grain) hé (what) hé (to close) hé (why) hēi (black) hěn (very) hēng (prosperous) hóng (red) hóng (flood) hòu (behind) hòu (wait) hū (at) hú (lake) hǔ (tiger) hù (door) hù (door) huā (flower) huá (splendid) huà (speech) huà (to make into) huà (to draw) huān (merry) huáng (emperor) huáng (yellow) huī (emblem) huí (to circle) huì (can) huǒ (fire) huǒ (fire (as radical)) huò (maybe)

J

jī (starve) jī (fowl) jī (machine) jí (lucky) jí (and) jǐ (how many) jǐ (self) jì (border) jì (already) jì (season) jì (order) jì (to record) jì (skill) jiā (house) jiǎ (first in list) jiān (narrow) jiān (difficult) jiǎn (scissors) jiàn (healthy) jiàn (see) jiàn (to establish) jiàn (gap) jiàn (arrow) jiāng (river) jiāng (border) jiāo (to teach) jiāo (to hand over) jiāo (suburbs) jiāo (to glue) jiǎo (horn) jiǎo (dumpling) jiào (called) jiào (religion) jiào (comparatively) jiē (street) jié (joint) jié (seal (of document)) jié (knot) jiě (elder sister) jīn (ferry crossing) jīn (metal) jīn (modern) jīn (axe) jīn (scarf) jīn (metal) jìn (near) jìn (to advance) jīng (capital) jīng (refined) jīng (Classic) jīng (to start) jīng (eye) jǐng (well) jǐng (bright) jiōng (covering box) jiǔ (nine) jiǔ (wine) jiǔ (long time) jiù (fault) jiù (at once) jiù (old) jú (tangerine) jù (sentence) jūn (monarch)

jié knot; sturdy; bond

Made up of [ sī silk radical 120, jí lucky; propitious]

K

kā (coffee) kāi (begin) kān (to print) kǎn (open box) kàn (look) kě (can) kè (to be able to) kè (customer) kǒng (great) kǒu (mouth) kǔ (bitter) kuài (chopsticks) kuài (piece)

L

lái (arrive) lán (blue) láo (to toil) lǎo (venerable) lǎo (old) le ('completed') lè (music) léi (thunder) lèi (tired) lí (Fire) lǐ (inside) lǐ (ceremony) lǐ (texture) lǐ (plum) lì (strength) lì (stand) lì (sharp) lì (strict) lì (beautiful) lì (to experience) lián (to pity) liáng (good) liǎng (pair) liàng (collective word for vehicles) liáo (distant) lín (forest) lín (neighbor) líng (zero) líng (mound) líng (age) lǐng (neck) lìng (other) lìng (to order) liù (six) lóng (dragon) lóu (multi-story building) 绿 lù (green) lù (road)

M

mā (mother) mǎ (horse) mǎ (?) mǎi (buy) mài (sell) mǎn (to fill) máng (busy) māo (cat) máo (hair) mào (to emit) mào (hat) me (what) méi (have not) měi (beautiful) mèi (younger sister) mén (entrance) mén (s) měng (Mongol) mí (to bewilder) mí (riddle) mǐ (rice) mì (cover) mián (roof) miǎn (to escape) miè (to extinguish) mín (people) mǐn (dish) míng (bright) míng (name) mìng (life) mò (do not) mǔ (mother) mǔ (area) mù (wood) mù (eye)

N

nà (that) nǎi (milk) nǎi (to be) nán (south) nán (male) nán (difficult) ne (and you?) nèi (inner) néng (to be able to) nǐ (you) nián (year) 廿 niàn (twenty) niàn (to read) niǎo (bird) nín (you (polite)) nìng (better) niú (ox) nǚ (woman) nǚ (female)

P

pá (to crawl) pà (to be afraid) pàn (to hope for) pào (bubble) pào (cannon) pén (basin) péng (friend) pí (hops) pǐ (bolt of cloth) piàn (thin piece) piào (ticket) pín (poor) píng (flat) píng (bottle) pú (grape) pǔ (general) pù (store)

Lucky 8

Eight is considered the luckiest number. You will often see 888 associated with gambling. The origin may be that 8 is a yin number and also sounds a bit like 'good fortune' in Cantonese.
Read More

Q

qī (seven) qī (phase) qí (board game) qí (his) qí (strange) qǐ (to rise) qì (gas) qì (steam) qiān (thousand) qián (money) qián (front) qiǎn (shallow) qiàn (yawn) qiě (and) qīn (parent) qín (Qin) qīng (green) qīng (clear) qíng (affection) qíng (clear sky) qǐng (please) qìng (celebrate) qiú (autumn) qǔ (to take) qù (go) quán (all) quán (spring) quǎn (dog) quǎn (dog) qún (group)

R

r (r) rén (person) rén (humane) rì (sun) róng (to hold) ròu (meat) ròu (meat) rú (as) rù (to enter) rùn (leap)

S

sān (three) sè (colour) shān (mountain) shān (bristle) shǎng (to hand down) shàng (up) shàng (still) sháo (spoon) shǎo (less) shé (tongue) shè (to shoot) shè (residence) shéi (who) shēn (body) shēn (to extend) shén (god) shén (what) shēng (produce) shèng (holy) shī (lion) shī (to lose) shī (corpse) shí (ten) shí (time) shí (rock) shí (real) shí (food) shí (eat) shǐ (history) shǐ (to begin) shǐ (arrow) shǐ (pig) shì (is) shì (matter) shì (market) shì (life) shì (spirit) shì (bachelor) shì (clan name) shì (to show) shǒu (hand) shǒu (hand) shǒu (head) shòu (to receive) shū (book) shū (spear) shǔ (heat) shǔ (office) shù (tree) shuāng (pair) shuǐ (water) shuǐ (water) shuì (taxes) shùn (to obey) shuō (to speak) sī (silk) sī (private) sī (silk) sī (to think) sǐ (die) sì (four) sì (snake) sì (to run) song (Song) sū (revive) sù (respectful) sù (to complain) suàn (calculate) suī (although) suī (rap) suí (Sui) suì (year) sūn (grandson) suǒ (actually)

T

tā (he) tā (she) tā (it) tái (typhoon) tài (too) táng (Tang) táng (sugar) tǎng (to recline) tàng (collective for trips) táo (grapes) tiān (sky) tián (field) tiē (to stick) tīng (to listen) tōng (open) tóng (same) tóng (boy servant) tóu (head) tóu (head) tǔ (earth) tù (rabbit)

W

wǎ (tile) wài (outside) wān (bowl) wán (toy) wǎn (evening) wàn (ten thousand) wāng (lame) wáng (to die) wǎng (monarch) wǎng (net) wéi (proud) wéi (to preserve) wèi (do) wèi (not yet) wèi (position) wén (script) wén (to hear) wèn (ask) wǒ (I (me)) wò (lie) wū (crow) wū (house) wú (not to have) wǔ (five) wǔ (noon) wǔ (martial) wù (do not) wù (fifth (ordinal))
Chinese proverb

Proverb

窝边
Tù zi bù chī wō biān cǎo [tu zi bu chi wo bian cao]
rabbit no eat burrow side grass
Rabbits do not eat the grass around their burrows
Thieves do not steal from neighbors

X

西 xī (west) xī (sunset) xí (to practice) xǐ (box; bag) xǐ (to be fond of) xì (system) xià (summer) xià (down) xiān (fresh) xiān (first) xián (to stay idle) xiǎn (danger) xiàn (to appear) xiāng (fragrant) xiāng (each other) xiāng (countryside) xiǎng (to think) xiàng (elephant) xiǎo (small) xiào (smile) xiào (filial piety or obedience) xiào (school) xiào (effect) xiē (some) xiě (write) xiè (thanks) xīn (new) xīn (heart) xīn (hard) xīn (heart) xīng (star) xīng (prosper) xíng (permitted) xìng (surname) xìng (fortunate) xiōng (elder brother) xù (beginnings) xué (study) xué (cave) xué (narrow) xuě (snow)

Y

yán (face) yán (words) yán (words) yāng (center) yáng (yang) yáng (sheep) yāo (youngest) yǎo (to bite) yào (want) yě (also) yè (night) yè (page) yī (one) yī (doctor) yī (clothes) yí (proper) yǐ (hidden) yǐ (to use) yǐ (chair) yǐ (already) yì (easy) 亿 yì (100,000,000) yì (justice) yì (also) yì (city) yì (catch) yì (skill) yì (to recollect) yì (idea) yì (different) yīn (yin) yīn (sound) yǐn (to drink) yīng (flower) yíng (welcome) yǒng (perpetual) yòng (to use) yóu (outstanding) yǒu (friend) yǒu (have) yǒu (wine vessel) yòu (right) yòu (also) yú (fish) yú (fishing) yú (in) yǔ (rain) yǔ (language) yǔ (to give) yù (jade) yuán (primary) yuán (former) yuán (park) yuǎn (far) yuàn (courtyard) yuàn (to hope) yuē (to speak) yuè (moon) yún (cloud) yùn (to move)

Z

zāi (disaster) zài (again) zài (exist) zài (to carry) zàng (treasury) zǎo (early) zé (pool) zhà (at first) zhà (to explode) zhān (to observe) zhān (to glue) zhàn (station) zhàn (to fight) zhāng ('of') zhǎng (palm of the hand) zhāo (dynasty) zhǎo (to try to find) zhě (in process of) zhè (this) zhēn (chaste) zhēn (really) zhèn (Wood) zhēng (journey) zhèng (correct) zhī (prop up) zhī (one) zhī (him) zhī (to know) zhī (to support) zhī (branch) zhí (straight) zhí (value) zhí (to plant) zhǐ (paper) zhǐ (to stop) zhì (aspiration) zhì (to arrive) zhì (to rule) zhì (to send) zhì (to install) zhōng (centre) zhōng (clock) zhǒng (kind of) zhòng (many) zhòng (heavy) zhōu (region) zhōu (prefecture) zhōu (surname Zhou) zhōu (boat) zhū (hog) zhú (bamboo) zhú (bamboo) zhǔ (dot) zhǔ (owner) zhǔ (to cook) zhù (to live) zhù (to halt) zhuǎ (claw) zhuǎ (claw) zhuàn (biography) zhuī (short-tailed bird) zhuō (table) zǐ (child) zì (from) zì (letter) zǒu (walk) zū (to hire) zú (clan) zú (foot) zǔ (grandfather) zǔ (to form) zǔ (to hinder) zuān (to drill) zuì (most) zuó (previous) zuǒ (left) zuò (seat) zuò (sit) zuò (to do)
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Citation information: Chinasage, 'Common Chinese Character Dictionary', last updated 2 Dec 2016, Web, http://www.chinasage.info/chars/charindex.htm.

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