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The governance of modern China

The governance of modern China

Modern History

Governing 1,400 million people is no mean feat. China's structure of government is a power pyramid with the President at its head. In theory the people elect representatives who decide policy, in practise the ruling elite are rarely challenged by the democratic process. However the strong military involvement in government has been on the wane for over 25 years.

Farming Calendar

In China there were two calendars in use, one based on the orbit of the moon and one for the sun. The lunar calendar was the important one and gives the dates for Chinese New Year and other festivals. However, farmers needed a calendar based on the sun so crops are sown and harvested at the correct time. The Lichun or farmers calendar splits the year into 24 intervals of 15 or 16 days synchronized with the solar orbit, each with a jieqi name such as 'Grain in Ear' or 'Severe Cold'. The Qing Ming festival in early April is one festival that follows the sun rather than the moon.
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