History Quiz 1

Starter level quiz about the long history of China.
1. Which Emperor built the Forbidden City in Beijing?
Emperor Kangxi
Emperor Yongle
Emperor Qianlong
Forbidden City, Beijing
Forbidden City, Beijing. Copyright Richard Wingfield, October 2017.

2. The Yellow Emperor is believed to have lived how long ago?
6,500 years ago
4,500 years ago
2,500 years ago
huangdi, deity
Modern sculpture of two legendary Chinese Emperors

3. Who ordered the construction of the famous marble boat at the Summer Palace, Beijing?
Emperor Taizu
Dowager Empress Cixi
Emperor Puyi
Summer Palace, Beijing
A long corridor at the Summer Palace, Beijing

4. What was the highest grade in the old civil service examination system?
Jinshi
Hong Mai
Juren
examinations, Beijing
Examination hall in Beijing. John Clark Ridpath (1899)
Image available under a Creative Commons license

5. In 1762 the population of China had reached how many?
200 million
75 million
150 million
Tiananmen Square, crowd
2004 PRC National Day at Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China. What a crowd! Image by pfctdayelise available under a Creative Commons License

6. Who led the Mongol conquest of southern China which ended the Song dynasty?
Tamerlane
Kublai Khan
Wang Anshi
lacquer, song dynasty
A Chinese red lacquer tray over wood with engraved golden foil, from the Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD), dated 12th to early 13th century. As the Freer and Sackler Galleries museum description states, in China the gold-engraving technique is called qiangjin. The museum caption states that this method has existed since roughly the 3rd century AD, although it was not until the Song Dynasty era that gold engravings were found on luxury lacquerwares. After a wooden tray was covered with multiple layers of cinnabar-colored lacquer, fine lines were then incised into the new surface. These incisions were then filled with an adhesive of clear lacquer, followed by the pressing of gold foil into the grooves. The two long-tailed birds and a peony plant depicted in this tray are symbolic of longevity and prosperity in Chinese culture, since the Chinese word for "long life" (shou) sounds similar to the words for long-tailed birds (dai shou). Image by PericlesofAthens available under a Creative Commons License

7. The ancient Shu kingdom is centered on which modern province?
Qinghai
Fujian
Sichuan
Shang dynasty, Sichuan, Sanxing, archaeology

8. Marco Polo originated from which European city
Monaco
Marseilles
Venice
Marco Polo
Marco Polo in Tartar costume. Source: Scann? de Coureurs des mers, Poivre d'Arvor. Photo by Grevembrock, available under a Creative Commons license .

9. The Diaoyu islands were a cause of international tensions in 2012 between China and which other country?
South Korea
Japan
Taiwan
Paracel islands, South China Sea, U.S. navy
SOUTH CHINA SEA (Oct. 15, 2012) The Nimitz-class aircraft carrier USS George Washington (CVN 73) is underway in the South China Sea. George Washington and embarked Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 5 provide a combat-ready force that protects and defends the collective maritime interest of the U.S. and its allies and partners in the Asia-Pacific region. The U.S. Navy is constantly deployed to preserve peace, protect commerce, and deter aggression through forward presence. Image by U.S. Navy available under a Creative Commons License

10. The Art of War was written by which ancient author?
Sun Wu (Tzu)
Kongfuzi (Confucius)
Sima Qian
warrior, statue
Clay model of Mongol warrior

11. The flag of Hong Kong shows which flower?
Orchid tree
Rose
Chrysanthemum
Hong Kong, Buddhism, gateway
The Po Lin Monastery Hong Kong with its famous Big Buddha statue

12. The Great Game was played out on China's western borders in the 19th century between Russia and which other country?
U.K. (Britain)
Belgium
Persia
Heilongjiang, Harbin, church
Russian style Saint-Sophia Cathedral, Harbin, Heilongjiang

13. What was Zhou Enlai's position in the Chinese government 1949-76
President
Premier
Chairman
Zhou Enlai,  Deng Yingchao,  Sun Weishi
Deng Yingchao and Zhou Enlai with adopted daughter Sun Weishi. 1949. Image by Unknown available under a Creative Commons License

14. Bao Zheng has a temple commemorated him near Kaifeng, what he is remembered for?
Incorruptible judge
War hero
Respected poet
pagoda, Kaifeng, religion
The Iron Pagoda of Kaifeng, China, built in 1049 AD during the Song Dynasty.
Image by PericlesofAthens available under a Creative Commons license

15. Which Chinese city was known as the 'Paris of the East' in the 1920s?
Shanghai
Tianjin
Macau
Shanghai

16. The 'Treaty of Tianjin' was signed during which conflict?
Second World War
Opium Wars
Boxer Rebellion
Tianjin
Tianjin City. March 2008.
Image by ASDFGH available under a Creative Commons license

17. Japan took control of which province in 1914?
Shanghai
Hebei
Shandong

18. Which historical figure made Chinese silk the must have fabric in ancient times?
Queen Cleopatra of Egypt
Emperor Caligula
Empress Calpurnia
silk, children
Children wearing traditional silk clothes

19. The robot that trundled around the moon's surface in 2013 was called what?
People's chariot
Jade rabbit
Confucius
chang'e;moon goddess;Ren Shuai Ying
嫦娥奔 Chang'e Flying to the Moon Image by Ren Shuai Ying available under a Creative Commons License

20. Bronze vessels reached their zenith of intricate design in which dynasty?
Qin
Yuan
Shang
Shang dynasty, bronze, tiger
Early bronze tiger mask
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