General quiz about China 6Tough quiz about the geography, history, traditions and language of China (6)
1. The great Ming encyclopedia the 'Yongle Dadian' comprised about how many volumes?
2. How many soldiers (pawns) does each side have in Chinese chess?
The five soldiers (pawns) are placed on alternate lines across the chess board. The board has 9 vertical lines so there are 5 soldiers. Each side has 16 pieces to begin with.
3. Weifang, Shandong is famous for which Chinese tradition?
4. What proportion of the population of Singapore are ethnically Chinese?
There are about 25 million Overseas Chinese in Taiwan; Hong Kong and Macau; 20 million in south-eastern Asia and about 5 million elsewhere in the World. In Singapore the Chinese hold 81% of the nation's wealth.
5. When did the island of Taiwan/Chinese Taipei first become a part of China?
The island of Taiwan was fiercely independent of China for much of its early history. It was briefly settled by the Dutch before Ming loyalist Guoxingye ejected them and it became his last refuge against the Manchu conquerors. The Manchus defeated him and the island was added to the Chinese empire where it remained for 200 years before being ceded to the French and then the Japanese.
6. Which ancient classic stimulated the study of binary arithmetic and paved way to modern computing?
Classic of Rites
Book of Odes
Book of Zhuangzi
Book of Changes (Yi Jing)
7. The famous poet Du Fu had a thatched house that can still be seen where?
The great Tang dynasty poet Du Fu lived in the thatched house (759-763) close to the Nan River at Chengdu, Sichuan. He built the house himself.
8. In ancient times the week in China consisted of how many days?
There is no astronomical basis for a seven day division of the year, unless perhaps, as roughly one quarter phase of the moon. The Chinese originally had a ten day week 旬 xún as this divides a month nearly precisely into three (four seven day weeks gives 28 days while three ten day weeks gives 30 days while the accurate month length is 29.53 days). At this time the days of the week were named after the Ten Heavenly Stems (tian gan). Most things in China were counted in tens in ancient times long before Napoleon.
9. China has land borders with many other nations, how many?
Fourteen neighboring countries : Korea (North), Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam. Only Russia can claim as many but only by stretching a point.
10. 'River elegy' was the ground-breaking TV programme that sparked much debate and protest in which year?
'River Elegy' caused immense controversy in mainland China due to its negative portrayal of Chinese culture. Many believe it led directly to the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989,
11. The Dragon boat festival is associated with which historical figure?
12. Xi Jinping was born in Beijing but his father lived in which province?
13. Qufu in Shandong is the birth place of which famous person?
14. The Jade Gate (Jiayuguan), the main entry point into China on the Silk Road is located in which province?
Built in 1372 of tamped soil the Jade Gate, Gansu controlled the narrow pass the Silk Road followed into China. The 35 feet [11 meters] high walls were wide enough for horses to ride along the top.
15. Lu Yu wrote a famous book in 762CE about what subject?
Lu yu (733-804) is considered the sage on the subject of tea. By this early date the cultivation of tea was already advanced and an elaborate tea ceremony had developed to imbibe the precious liquid.
16. What is the name of the minority people included in Guangxi's official provincial title?
17. When were the Terracotta warriors of Emperor Qin Shihuangdi discovered?
The Terracotta Warriors that guard the Emperor Qin Shihuangdi's tomb were discovered by chance by a farmer in 1974 just east of Xi'an.
18. What is considered the most unlucky number in China?
The number four in Chinese is 'si' which has unfortunately sounds like the Chinese for 'die'. To avoid the bad luck some buildings do not have a fourth floor and streets do not have a house number four.
19. What is the doctrine of Wen and Wu strategy?
Retreat and advance
Soft and hard foreign policy
Navy and army
Surrender and fight
As far back as the Han dynasty the Wen-Wu strategies were developed. The doctrine of 文 wén (cultured debate) and 武 wǔ (military force) became central. Among friends and citizens people were persuaded by intellectual debate (soft power), foreigners and rebels on the other hand should be treated with military force (hard power)
20. What percentage of the world's arable land does China possess to feed 20% of world's population?
Much of China is desert or mountainous or both. It is only in the lowlands around the Yellow, Yangzi rivers and in Liaoning that the land is flat and supports intensive agriculture.
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