History Quiz 3History quiz all about Chinese history - a bit harder.
1. In 1980 China set up a number of Special Economic Zones (SEZ) to promote rapid economic development. Which one of these was NOT a SEZ?
Goaded by the continuing prosperity of Hong Kong, China under Deng Xiaoping set up the first SEZs in southern China in 1980. More were created in1984 all over China.
2. The first books in China were made of what?
strips of bamboo or wood
Bamboo and wooden slips were used for writing in China before the invention of paper. Bamboo was split lengthwise into strips about eight inches long.
Ancient script of Zhou through to Shang dynasty date inscribed on bronze vessel
3. The 10,000 ton sculpture in Tiananmen square commemorates what?
Heroes of the People
January 1st 1912
Construction lasted from August 1952 to May 1958. Eight revolutionary scenes are depicted from the 1st Opium war through to the Chinese Civil War.
4. Puyi was Emperor of Manchuguo 1934-45 where was his capital?
At this time Changchun, Jilin (meaning Eternal Spring) was known as ?Xinjing? (New Capital). Emperor Puyi had hopes of regaining the Chinese Imperial throne. As hereditary leader of the Manchu people he had the right to claim himself leader of Manchuria then under Japanese occupation.
5. When did China detonate its first atom bomb?
The explosion of the first Chinese atom bomb on October 16th 1964 (from a project begun with Russian technical help) marked China's admission into a very select group of nuclear defended nations.
6. Which leader put the Gang of Four under arrest?
The Gang of Four soon lost control after Mao Zedong's death on 9th September 1976. Hua Guofeng became the new Chairman rather than a gang member and the gang (including Jiang Qing) was arrested on 21st October 1976 bringing to an end the cultural revolution.
Pin badges of Mao Zedong at a market stall
7. Shenzhou is the name of a high profile programme for what purpose?
nuclear power generation
Shenzhou 神舟 meaning roughly 'Ship of the Heavens' and began in 1992 it aims to put a Chinese person on the moon and set up a space laboratory.
8. 'Rats and foxes' was a term used by Dowager Empress Cixi for which group of people?
A significant reason for the fall of the Qing dynasty was the intransigence of the Imperial eunuchs. They feared reform as it threatened them and they were in a strong position to block it. Dowager Empress Cixi was a prisoner in her palace, unable to act without the eunuchs approval.
9. Cao Pi declared himself the founder of which dynasty in 220CE?
General Cao Cao placed his son Cao Pi on the throne on the fall of the Han dynasty. Cao Cao's daughter had married the last Han Emperor Xiandi. The new dynasty did not have control over the whole of China, only the northern kingdom of Wei.
10. The Yongle Dadian was what?
type of epic poem
The 永乐大典 Yǒng lè dà diǎn was to be an encyclopedia of all known scholarship on all subjects arranged into categories. It took 2,180 scholars six years to produce an amazing work totaling 11,095 volumes - the Wikipedia of its day.
"Ways of souls" tombs of the Emperors of the Ming Dynasty (1368 to 1644CE). 50km north west of Beijing, in Changping. December 2005. Image by ofol available under a Creative Commons License ➚.
11. The battle of Yamen marked the end of the Song dynasty, where did it take place?
The remnants of the Southern Song dynasty fled by boat from their capital at Hangzhou. The naval battle at Yamen on 19th March 1279, in Guangdong saw the final defeat and the suicide of the last Song emperor.
12. Who was the Premier of China 2003-12?
Wen Jiabao was premier under President Hu Jintao. Wen was dubbed 'the people's premier' by both domestic and foreign media because he tried to ensure that China's increasing wealth benefited the rural poor.
View of Beijing city from the TV tower
13. The most senior lama after the Dalai Lama in Tibetan buddhism is who?
President of China
The Panchen Lama is important because it is he who decides is the next reincarnation of the Dalai Lama (spiritual leader of Tibetan people). It is claimed that the current Panchen Lama is kept under house arrest by the Chinese government.
Roof of Tibetan Temple in Shangri-La, Yunnan
14. Which writer wrote with dismay about the destruction of the Old Summer Palace in 1860?
Honore de Balzac
Qing Emperor Qianlong built the Old Summer Palace as a number of fine palaces set among gardens, hills and lakes on the site of a 12th century park. The parkland palace bore the brunt of Anglo-French attacks in 1860 at the end of the Second Opium War.
15. The An Lushan revolt took place in which dynasty
An Lushan was of Turkish/Sogdian descent and while still illiterate became the slave of a Chinese military officer. He soon learned his letters and became an interpreter and rose to become military governor-general to the fractious border regions. He inveigled himself into Emperor Xuanzong's inner circle and then launched a rebellion.
16. Xuanzang's trip to fetch Buddhist scriptures from India took place during which dynasty?
The famous journey, fictionalized in the 'Journey to the West' brought many scriptures back to China from India. Tang Emperor Taizong built the Great Wild Goose Pagoda at Xi'an to house the books.
Large Wild Goose Pagoda, is a Buddhist pagoda located in southern Xi'an, Shaanxi
17. In which city was Sun Yatsen kidnapped in 1896?
Sun Yatsen traveled widely, seeking the support of groups of Overseas Chinese to aid the overthrow of the Qing dynasty. In London he was kidnapped by agents of the Chinese embassy. It was pressure from a campaign in the British press from Sun's friends and supporters which led to his release within a month.
Statue of Dr. Sun Yatsen at memorial hall in Taipei, Taiwan
18. The Jinggang Mountains are famous for what?
base of Jiangxi soviet
birthplace of Chiang Kaishek
19. What was the central doctrine of the Taiping rebels?
Analects of Confucius
The leader of the Taipings, Hong Xiuquan, developed his own version of Christianity with the Ten commandments as the core set of beliefs.
Taiping rebels are chased out of Yuzhuang, March 8 1854. The Taiping arrived the previous day but had to retire the next day when the Manchus arrived in hot pursuit. From Ten scenes recording the retreat and defeat of the Taiping Northern Expeditionary Forces, February 1854-March 1855. Source : web site ➚ Available under a Creative Commons license ➚.
20. The banker H. H. Kung married who in 1914?
Song Ailing was the eldest of the famous Song sisters and married the rich banker H.H. Kung (a direct descendent of Confucius), Song Qingling married Sun Yatsen and Song Meiling married Chiang Kaishek forming the most powerful family at the time.
Tropical forest park, Hainan island
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