qián front; forward; ahead

Made up of [ cǎo grass; herb radical 140, yuè moon; month radical 74, dāo knife (radical) radical 18]

Note

The original form had a boat heading forward hence 'front', the modern form has 'moon' with a 'knife' perhaps suggesting the night 'preceding' harvest
Number of strokes 9

Related characters


Using cǎo : huā (flower) chá (tea) yīng (flower) cài (vegetable) māo (cat) cǎo (grass) láo (to toil) mǎn (to fill) yì (skill) kǔ (bitter) dǒng (to understand)
Using yuè : míng (bright) yǒu (have) néng (to be able to) suí (Sui) gān (liver) qīng (green) péng (friend) péng (friend) jiāo (to glue) dǎn (the gall)
Using dāo : lì (sharp) gāng (hard) kān (to print) bié (to leave) dào (arrive)

Sounds same

qián (money) qián (Heaven) qián

Different tone

qiān (thousand) qiān qiǎn (shallow) qiàn (yawn)

< Previous qián Next qiǎn >

Pronunciation

Sound file kindly provided by shtooka.net under a Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike License

stroke order for 前
Stroke order for character 前, kindly provided under Wikimedia creative commons license

Proverbs

空前绝后 kōng qián jué hòu Something that is genuinely completely new
前车之鉴 qián chē zhī jiàn Take account of what has gone before
前怕狼后怕虎 qián pà láng hòu pà hǔ To be obsessed by fears of attack from all sides
所向无前 suǒ xiàng wú qián Invincible against all opponents

Chinese chess

The Chinese game of chess is rather different to the version used in the West. The Chinese version is generally considered older and because of the lack of a 'queen' (a relatively recent addition) and the strange rules for the 'cannon' make it just as challenging a game.
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Routledge Grammar:Basic Chinese

book cover If you want to go beyond speaking and writing 'tourist Chinese' you need a good grounding in Chinese grammar. This Routledge guide goes far beyond memorizing useful phrases and serves as an essential course if you want to speak Chinese well and understand Chinese text. All the Chinese is in both pinyin and characters. It does not include a dictionary section so you will need a dictionary in conjunction with the book.
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